NC140: Improving Economic and Environmental Sustainability in Tree-Fruit Production Through Changes in Rootstock Use

(Multistate Research Project)

Status: Active

SEAS-422 Reports

12/27/2017

2016-17 Published Written Works


Books


Ayala, M. and G. Lang. 2017. Chapter 12: Morphology, cropping physiology, and canopy training. pp. 269-304 in: Quero-Garcia, J., A. Iezzoni, J. Pulawka, and G. Lang. 2017. Cherries: botany, production and uses. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, U.K.


Blanke, M.M., G. Lang, and M. Meland. 2017. Chapter 11: Orchard microclimate modification. pp. 244-268 in: Quero-Garcia, J., A. Iezzoni, J. Pulawka, and G. Lang. 2017. Cherries: botany, production and uses. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, U.K.


Hirst, P.M. 2017. Advances in understanding flowering and pollination in apple trees. In: Achieving sustainable cultivation of apples. Ed: K. Evans. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Cambridge, UK.


Musacchi S. and Green D., 2017. Innovations in apple tree cultivation to manage crop load and ripening. In: Achieving sustainable cultivation of apples. Editor Kate Evans, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited. Published 22 June 2017.   ISBN-13: 9781786760326. ID: 9781786760326-008. pp. 195-237


Quero-Garcia, J., A. Iezzoni, J. Pulawka, and G. Lang. 2017. Cherries: botany, production and uses. CAB International, Wallingford, U.K.  ISBN: 978 1 78064 837 8


Rubio-Cabetas, M.J., Felipe, A.J. and G.L. Reighard.  2017.  Rootstock Development.  In: R. Socias I Company and T.M. Gradziel (Eds.) Almonds: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International, Wallingford, U.K., pp. 209-227.


Refereed Journal Articles


Adams, S., B. Black, G. Fazio, and B. Roberts. 2017. The effect of plant growth regulators on apple graft union flexural strength and flexibility. Journal American Pomological Society 71(1):8-18.


Adams, S.W., J. Lordan, G. Fazio, B. Bugbee, P. Francescatto, T.L. Robinson, and B. Black. 2018. Effect of scion and graft type on transpiration, hydraulic resistance and xylem hormone profile of apples grafted on Geneva®41 and M.9-NICTM29 rootstocks. Scientia Horticulturae 227:213-222.


Autio, W.R., J.S. Krupa, and J.M. Clements. 2017. Performance of Honeycrisp apple trees on several Budagovsky, Cornell-Geneva, and Pillnitz rootstocks, An update on the Massachusetts planting of the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 82(2):1-4. Horticultural News 97(2):1-4.  http://www.umassfruitnotes.com/v82n2/a1.pdf


Autio, W, T. Robinson, B. Black, R. Crassweller, E. Fallahi, M. Parker, R. Parra Quezada, and D. Wolfe. 2017. Budagovsky, Geneva, Pillnitz, and Malling apple rootstocks affect Fuji performance of the first five years of the 2010 NC-140 Fuji Apple Rootstock Trial. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 71(3):167-182. 


Autio, W, T Robinson, B Black, R Crassweller, E Fallahi, M Parker, R Parra Quezada, and D Wolfe. 2017. 2016 Progress Report. Budagovsky, Geneva, Pillnitz, and Malling apple rootstocks affect Fuji performance over the first six years of the 2010 NC-140 Fuji Apple Rootstock Trial. Compact Fruit Tree. 50(1):20-23.http://www.ifruittree.org/Portals/0/CFT/2017_Spring/index.html


Autio, W, T. Robinson, B. Black, S. Blatt, D. Cochran, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, E. Hoover, G. Lang, D. Miller, I. Minas, R. Parra Quezada, and M. Stasiak. 2017. Budagovsky, Geneva, Pillnitz, and Malling apple rootstocks affect Honeycrisp performance of the first five years of the 2010 NC-140 Honeycrisp Apple Rootstock Trial. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 71(3):149-166.  http://www.pubhort.org/aps/71/v71_n3_a3.htm


Autio, W, T. Robinson, S. Blatt, D. Cochran, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, E. Hoover, G. Lang, R. Parra Quezada, and M. Stasiak.  2017.  2016 Progress report -- Budagovsky, Geneva, Pillnitz, and Malling apple rootstocks affect Honeycrisp performance over the first six years of the 2010 NC-140 Honeycrisp Apple Rootstock Trial.  Compact Fruit Tree 50(2):23-27. http://www.ifruittree.org/Portals/0/CFT/2017_Fall/index.html


Basedow, M. and R. Crassweller. 2017. Potential anatomical methods for determination of weak wood in apple. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 71:19-28.


Baugher, T. A., R. P. Marini, J. R. Schupp, and C. B. Watkins. 2017. Prediction of Bitter Pit in ‘Honeycrisp’ Apples and Best Management Implications. HortScience 52: (accepted for publication 21 Aug 2017).


Belisle, C., K. Adhikari, D.J. Chavez, and U. Phan. 2017. Development of a lexicon for flavor and texture of fresh peach cultivars. ‎J. Sens. Stud. 32: e12276.*


Belisle, C., U. Phan, K. Adhikari, and D.J. Chavez. 2017. A survey of peach cultivars quality grown in the southeastern U.S. HortTechnology. (accepted).*


Casamali, B. and D.J. Chavez. 2017. Potential of new Prunus rootstocks for managing Armillaria root rot disease in peach production. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 71:82-90.*


Cowgill W., Jr., W. Autio, E. Hoover, R. Marini, P. Domoto. 2017. NC-140 Multi-State Research Project: Improving Economic & Environmental Sustainability in Tree Fruit Production through Changes in Rootstock Use. J. Amer. Pomological Society. 71:34-46.


Cowgill Winfred P., Jr., Wesley R. Autio, Emily E. Hoover, Richard P. Marini, and Paul A. Domoto 2017. NC-140 Multi-State Research Project: Improving Economic and Environmental Sustainability in Tree-Fruit Production Through Changes in Rootstock Use. J Am Pom Soc. (APS) 71:34-46


Cowgill, W, M Muehlbauer, W Autio, and J Clements.  2017.  Comparison of the effects of ten Geneva rootstocks and M.9 on Modi apple trees in New Jersey.  Fruit Notes 82(4):1-3.  Horticultural News 97(4):1-3.  http://www.umassfruitnotes.com/v82n4/a1.pdf


Cowgill, WP Jr, WR Autio, EE Hoover, RP Marini, and PA Domoto. 2017. NC-140 Multi-State Research Project: Improving economic and environmental sustainability in tree-fruit production through changes in rootstock use. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 71(1):34-46. http://www.pubhort.org/aps/71/v71_n1_a5.htm


Elsysy, M.A. and P.M. Hirst. 2017. The role of spur leaves, bourse leaves, and fruit on local flower formation in apple: an approach to understanding biennial bearing. HortScience 52(9):1229-1232.


Jahed, K. and P.M. Hirst. 2017. Pollen tube growth and fruit set in apple. HortScience 52(8):1054-1059. 


Karagiannis, E., Tanou, G., Samiotaki, M., Michailidis, M., Diamantidis, G., Minas, I., Molassiotis, A. (2016). Comparative Physiological and Proteomic Analysis Reveal Distinct Regulation of Peach Skin Quality Traits by Altitude. Frontiers in plant science 2016, 7, 1689. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2016.01689/full


Lordan, J., G. Fazio, P. Francescatto, and T.L. Robinson. 2017b. Effects of apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks on scion performance and hormone concentration. Scientia Horticulturae 225:96-105.


Lordan, J., S. Blatt, P. Francescatto, C. Embree, and T.L. Robinson. 2017a. Performance of three Pyrus pear rootstocks in Northeastern North America. Journal of the American Pomological Society 71(4):250-257.


Macit, I., G. Lang, and H. Demirsoy. 2017. Bud management affects fruit wood, growth and precocity of cherry trees. Turkish J. Agric. For. 41:42-49. (DOI: 10.3906/tar-1609-65)


Marini, R.P.,  W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.P. Cowgill, Jr., R.C. Crassweller, C. Hampson, M.M. Kushad, R. Moran, M. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, T. Robinson, D. Wolfe. 2016. Time Required for Classifying Rootstock Vigor in Multi-location Rootstock Trials. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 70(2):82-91.


Marshall-Colon, A., S.P. Long, D.K. Allen, G. Allen, D.A. Beard, B. Benes, A.J. Christensen, D.J. Cox, J.C. Hart, P.M. Hirst, K. Kannan, D.S. Katz, J.P. Lynch, A.J. Millar, B. Panneerselvam, N.D. Price, D. Ralla, R.G. Shekar, S. Shrivastava, D. Shukla, V. Srinivasan, M. Stitt, E.O. Volt, Y. Wang, X. Yin and X.G. Zhu. 2017. Crops in silico: Generating virtual crops using and integrative and multi-scale modeling platform. Frontiers in Plant Science Vol. 8. doi:  10.3389/fpls.2017.00786 


R.P. Marini, W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.P. Cowgill, Jr., R.M. Crassweller, C. Hampson, M.M. Kushad, R. Moran, M. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L.Reighard, T. Robinson, D. Wolfe 2016. Time Required for Classifying Rootstock Vigor in Multi-location Rootstock Trials. J Am Pom Soc. (APS) 70: 82-91


Reig, G., J. Lordan, G. Fazio, M.A. Grusak, S. Hoying, L. Cheng, P. Francescatto, and T. Robinson. 2018. Horticultural performance and elemental nutrient concentrations on ‘Fuji’grafted on apple rootstocks under New York State climatic conditions. Scientia Horticulturae 227:22-37.


Rudell D.R., Serra S., Sullivan N., Mattheis J.P., and Musacchi S., 2017.  Metabolic profiling variations within ‘d’Anjou pear fruit from different canopy positions. Hortscience 52 (11):1501-1510, doi:10.21273/HORTSCI12375-17.


Schupp, J. R., H. E. Winzeler, T. M. Kon, R. P. Marini, T. A. Baugher, L. F. Kime and M. A. Schupp. 2017. A Method for Quantifying Whole-Tree Pruning Severity in Mature Tall Spindle Apple Plantings. HortScience 52:1233-1240.


Schupp, J.R., H.E. Winzeler, T.M. Kon, R.P. Marini, T.A. Baugher, L.F. Kime, and M.A. Schupp. 2017. A method for quantifying whole-tree pruning severity in mature tall spindle apple plantings. HortScience 52:1233-1240.


Simnitt, S., T. Borisova, D.J. Chavez, and M. Olmstead. 2017. Frost Protection for Early-Season Peach Varieties: Current Practices and Information Needs in the State of Georgia. HortTechnology 27:344-353.*


Tucker, Z., D.J. Chavez, and J.X. Chaparro. 2017. Effect of the seedlessness (Fs) gene in fruit quality traits in mandarin segregating populations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 71:29-33.*


Wallis, A., J. Harshman, B. Butler, D. Price, G. Fazio, and C. Walsh. 2017. Performance of Geneva® apple rootstock selections with ‘Brookfield Gala’ and ‘Cripps Pink’ in a Tall Spindle system. Journal of the American Pomological Society 71(3):137-148.


Wesley Autio, Terence Robinson, Brent Black, Robert Crassweller, Esmaeil Fallahi, Michael Parker, Rafael Parra Quezada, and Dwight Wolf. 2017. Budagovsky, Geneva, Pillnitz & Malling Apple rootstocks affect Fuji performance over the first five years of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pomological Society, 71:167-182. 


Wolfe, D., D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis.  2017. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield.  Fruit and Vegetable Crops 2016 Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-721:14-17. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agcomm/pubs/PR/PR721/PR721.pdf


Zhang, Z.,  P. H. Heinemann,  J. Liu,  J. R. Schupp,  T. A. Baugher. 2017. Brush mechanism for distributing apples in a low-cost apple harvest unit. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 33(2): 195-201.


Zhang, Z., P. H. Heinemann, J. Liu, J. R. Schupp, and T. A. Baugher. 2016. Design and field test of a low-cost apple harvest-assist unit. Transactions of ASABE. 59(5):1149-1156.


Zhang, Z., P. H. Heinemann, J. Liu, T. A. Baugher and J. R. Schupp. 2016. Development of mechanical apple harvesting technology – a review. Transactions of ASABE. 59(5):1165-1180.


Zucoloto, M. K-M. Ku, M. J. Kim and Mosbah Kushad.  2017.  Influence of 1-methylcyclopropene treatment on postharvest quality of four scab (Venturia inaequalis)-resistant apple cultivars.  J. Food Quality 12:1-14.  Illinois


Symposium Proceedings


Bradshaw, T, L Berkett, R. Parsons, H Darby, R. Moran, E. Garcia, S. Kingsley-Richards, M. Griffith, S. Bosworth, and J. Gorres. 2016. "Tree growth and crop yield of five cultivars in two organic apple orchard systems in Vermont, USA, 2006-2013."  Acta Hort 1137:299-306. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1137.42.


Fiser, M., J. Ravi, B. Benes, B. Shi and P. Hirst. 2017. IMapple: a source-sink developmental model for ‘Golden Delicious’ apple trees. Acta Hort 1160:51-59.


Franzen, J.B. and P.M. Hirst. 2016. Optimal pruning of apple and effects on tree architecture, productivity and fruit quality. Acta Hort 1130: 307-310.


Kang, H., M. Fiser, B. Shi, F. Sheibani, P. Hirst and B. Benes. 2016. IMapple – functional structural model of apple trees. IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA 2016), Qingdao, China. p 90-97. 


Lang, G.A., Sage, L. and Wilkinson, T. 2016. Ten years of studies on systems to modify sweet cherry production environments: retractable roofs, high tunnels, and rain-shelters. Acta Hort. 1130:83-90.


Lillrose, T., Lang, G.A., and Sundin, G.W. 2017. Strategies to minimize bacterial canker in high density sweet cherry orchards. Acta Hort. 1161:457-462. (DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1161.73)


Neilsen, D., Neilsen G.H., Forge, T. and Lang, G.A. 2016. Dwarfing rootstocks and training systems affect initial growth, cropping and nutrition in ‘Skeena’ sweet cherry Acta Hortic. 1130: 199-205.


Neilsen, D., Neilsen, G.H., Forge, T. and Lang, G.A. 2016. Dwarfing rootstocks and training systems affect initial growth, cropping and nutrition in 'Skeena' sweet cherry. Acta Hort. 1130:199-206.


Poster Presentations


Baugher, T. E. Dugan, T. Jarvinen,  J. Schupp, E. Winzeler, M. Schupp. 2017. Competitive orchard systems and technologies. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Baugher, T., R. Marini, J. Schupp, M. Basedow, T. Jarvinen, E. Dugan. 2017. Crop load and fruit nutrient studies in commercial Honeycrisp orchards to determine best practices for minimizing bitter pit. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Griest, B., T. Van Dyke, J. Schupp, H. E. Winzeler. 2017. Increasing bud break and shoot development through notching and chemical sprays. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Krawczyk, G., K. Peter and J. Schupp. 2017. Exclusion netting on IPM, disease management and fruit quality of apple. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Schupp, J., H. E. Winzeler and M. Schupp. 2017. Artificial spur extinction or NAD for early thinning of Honeycrisp. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Schupp, J., H. E. Winzeler, M. Schupp, T. Kon, T. Kellison, A. Ventura. 2017. Fire blight resistant pear varieties: fruit quality and yield update. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Schupp, J., H. E. Winzeler, M.A. Schupp. 2017. Peach rootstock trials. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Winzeler, H. E., and J. R. Schupp. 2017. Use of ethephon and 1-MCP in the harvest and storage of Manchurian Crabapples. CIDERCON Conf., Chicago, IL, 8-10 Feb 2017, (poster).


Published Abstracts


Fazio, G., Cheng, L., Lordan, J., Francescatto, P., Grusak, M.A., Robinson, T.L., 2017. Breeding apple rootstocks for modulation of mineral nutrients in scions, VIII International Symposium on Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Crops. ISHS, Bolzano, Italy.


Kon, T.M. and J. Schupp. 2017. Comparing the efficacy of blossom thinning chemicals on ‘Golden Delicious’ apple. HortScience (In press) (Abstr.)


Lordan, J., Francescatto, P., Robinson, T.L., 2017. Long-Term Effects Of Tree Density And Tree Shape On Apple Orchard Performance, A 20 Years Study. ASHS Annual Conference. ASHS, Kona, Hawaii, USA.


Technical Reports


Agnello, A.M., K.D. Cox, J. Lordan, P. Francescatto, and T.L. Robinson. 2017. Comparative programs for arthropod, disease and weed management in New York organic apples. Insects 8(3):96.


Autio W. R., J. S. Krupa, J. M. Clements, and W.P. Cowgill Jr. 2017. Performance of Honeycrisp Apple trees on Several Budagovsky, Cornell-Geneva, and Pillnitz Rootstocks:  An Update on the Massachusetts Planting of the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Horticultural News, Volume 97, (2) 1-4 http://www.horticulturalnews.org/97-2/abcdCover97-2.html


Autio W. R., J. S. Krupa, J.M. Clements, and W. P. Cowgill Jr. 2017. Rootstock Influence on Redhaven Peach Performance:  An Update on the Massachusetts Planting of the 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Horticultural News, Volume 97, (2) 6-8 http://www.horticulturalnews.org/97-2/abcdCover97-2.html


Autio W. R., J. S. Krupa, J. M. Clements, and W. P. Cowgill Jr. 2017. Performance of Honeycrisp Apple trees on Several Budagovsky, Cornell-Geneva, and Pillnitz Rootstocks:  An Update on the Massachusetts Planting of the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes, Volume 82, (2) 1-4 http://www.umassfruitnotes.com/v82n2/abcdCover822.html


Autio W. R., J. S. Krupa, J. M. Clements, and W. P. Cowgill Jr. 2017. Rootstock Influence on Redhaven Peach Performance:  An Update on the Massachusetts Planting of the 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes, Volume 82, (2) 6-8. http://www.umassfruitnotes.com/v82n2/abcdCover822.html


Autio, W.R., J. S. Krupa, and J. M. Clements. 2017. Rootstock influence on Redhaven peach performance, An update on the Massachusetts planting of the 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 82(2):6-8. Horticultural News 97(2):6-8.  http://www.umassfruitnotes.com/v82n2/a2.pdf


Autio, W.R., J.S. Krupa, J.M. Clements, and W.P. Cowgill Jr. 2016. Evaluation of peach rootstocks: 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial through seven growing seasons. Fruit Notes 81(3):1-3.


Autio, W.R., J.S. Krupa, J.M. Clements, and W.P. Cowgill Jr. 2016. Evaluation of peach rootstocks: 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial through seven growing seasons. Horticultural News 96(3):1-3.


Cowgill, W.P., M. Muehlbauer, W.R. Autio and J.M. Clements 2017.Comparison of the Effects of Ten Geneva Rootstocks and M.9 on Modi Apple Trees in New Jersey. Horticultural News, Volume 97, (4) 1-3 http://www.horticulturalnews.org/97-4/Cover97-4.html


Cowgill, W.P. M. Muehlbauer, W.R. Autio and J.M. Clements 2017.Comparison of the Effects of Ten Geneva Rootstocks and M.9 on Modi Apple Trees in New Jersey. Fruit Notes, Volume 82, (4) 1-3 http://www.umassfruitnotes.com/v82n4/Cover824.html


Duyvelshoff, C.  2017.  New Honeycrisp Rootstocks for Nova Scotia.  FactSheet, Perennia, Nova Scotia.


Kon, T., C. Clavet, and J.D. Obermiller. 2017. Chemical Thinning Research, pg. 14 In: 2017 Apple Field Day Proceedings. Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station, NC State University.


Kon, T., C. Clavet, and J.D. Obermiller. 2017. Plant Growth Regulator Research, pg. 10-11 In: 2017 Apple Field Day Proceedings. Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station, NC State University.


Kon, T.M. and M.L. Parker. 2017. Growth-regulating chemicals for apples. In: 2018 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual. In press.


Reig, G., J. Lordan, G. Fazio, M.A. Grusak, S. Hoying, L. Cheng, P. Francescatto, and T.L. Robinson. 2017. Horticultural performance of Geneva(R) rootstocks grafted with 'Fuji' in the Hudson Valley, NY. NewYork  Fruit Quarterly 25(3):3-8.


Extension Fact Sheet Publications


Crassweller, R., L. Kime, J. Harper. 2016. Agricultural Alternatives: Apple Production. Publication UA428. (complete revision) also on internet at  http://extension.psu.edu/business/ag-alternatives/horticulture/fruits/apple-production


Popular Articles


Baugher, T., Jarvinen, T. Dugan, E. Schupp. J., 2016. Can a Rules-Based Apple Pruning System Improve Labor Efficiency without Affecting Orchard Productivity? PA Fruit News 96 (2):16-17.


Baugher, T., E. Dugan, M. Basedow, T. Jarvinen, J. Schupp, E. Winzeler and M. Schupp. 2017 Competitive orchard systems and technologies. Pennsylvania Fruit News 97(2):27.


Baugher, T., J. Schupp, R. Marini, M. Basedow and T. Jarvinen. 2017. Crop load and fruit nutrient studies in commercial Honeycrisp orchards to determine best practices for minimizing bitter pit. Pennsylvania Fruit News 97(1):26-29.


Crassweller, R., D. Smith 2016. 2015 Results of apple training system trials. Pennsylvania Fruit News 96(1):39-41.


Crassweller, R., D. Smith. 2016 Nutritional analysis of new apple cultivars in high density plantings. Pennsylvania Fruit News. 96(2):21-22


Crassweller, R., D. Smith. 2016.  Honeycrisp rootstock trial early results. Pennsylvania Fruit News 96(1):36-38.


Kon, T. 2017. Apple Thinning Update (4/25/17): Blue Ridge, GA; Ellijay, GA; Henderson County, NC. Henderson County Apple Production Newsletter.


Kon, T. 2017. Apple Thinning Update (5/03/17): Blue Ridge, GA; Ellijay, GA; Henderson County, NC. Henderson County Apple Production Newsletter.


Kon, T. 2017. Apple Thinning Update (5/10/17): Blue Ridge, GA; Ellijay, GA. Henderson County Apple Production Newsletter.


Kon, T. 2017. Ready or not, spring is here! Henderson County Apple Production Newsletter.


Krawczyk, G., K. Peter, J. Schupp, H.E. Winzeler, B. Lehman and L. Shaak. 2017. Effect of exclusion netting on integrated pest and disease management and fruit quality of apples. Pennsylvania Fruit News 97(1):63-67.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Fruiting wall production systems for apricots, nectarines, and plums. Compact Fruit Tree 49(3):12-16.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Project 2020: optimizing sweet cherry orchard design & efficiency. Compact Fruit Tree 49(3):6-11.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Multiple leader training optimizes labor efficiency. American Fruit Grower 137(6):20-21. http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/multiple-leader-training-optimizes-sweet-cherry-labor-efficiency/


Lang, G.A. 2017. Take a close look at Super Spindle Axe. American Fruit Grower 137(2):22-24. http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/take-a-close-look-at-super-spindle-axe/


Lang, G.A. 2017. What’s the next generation of canopies? American Fruit Grower 137(9):15-16. http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/what-will-be-the-next-generation-of-cherry-canopies/


Schupp, J. 2016. Chemical thinning sprays are critical in orchards. Fruit Growers News 55(3):60-61. (Not reported in 2016)


Schupp, J. 2016. Prune mature trees to improve light distribution. Fruit Growers News 55(1):8-9


Schupp, J., E. Winzeler and L. Kime. 2017. Shifting the Harvest Window of Gala Apples from August to October with ReTain Was Not Possible in Pennsylvania in 2016. PA Fruit News 97(7):15-16.


Schupp, J., E. Winzeler and M. Schupp. 2017. Evaluation of artificial spur extinction as a potential crop load management technique. Pennsylvania Fruit News 97(1):74-76.


Schupp, J., E. Winzeler and M. Schupp. 2017. Peach rootstock trials: A 2016 update. Pennsylvania Fruit News 97(1):38-40.


Stasiak, M. 2017. Testing New Apple Rootstocks for Wisconsin with the NC140 Regional Rootstock Research Project. Fresh. A Wisconsin Perspective. 9(1): 16-20.  https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/fcb80b68/files/uploaded/FRESH%204.17.pdf


Winzeler, E., and J. Schupp. 2017. Crab trees could be hidden hoard of cider apples. Fruit Growers News 56(5):20.


Yoder K., 2017. 2016 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Apple rootstock susceptibility to Tomato Ring Spot Virus (TmRSV) and latent viruses. Virginia Fruit. 3 pp. (May 2017).


Yoder K., Peck, G. and S. Sherif. 2017. 2016 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: New Rootstocks, Cultivars, and Training Systems for Virginia; Project Support for 2016. Virginia Fruit. 6 pp. (May 2017).


Other Creative Works


Bradshaw, T.L. 2015. "Comprehensive Assessment of Organic Apple Production in Vermont: Experience from Two Orchard Production Systems, 2006-2013." Ph.D. dissertation, Plant and Soil Science, University of Vermont.


Baugher, T., R. Marini and J. Schupp 2017. Crop Load and Nutrient Management Practices to Prevent Bitter Pit in Honeycrisp . http://extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/news/2017/crop-load-and-nutrient-management-practices-to-prevent-bitter-pit-in-honeycrisp 


Schupp, J. 2017. Apple thinning and promoting return bloom. http://extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/news/2017/apple-thinning-and-promoting-return-bloomBasedow, M., R. Crassweller, J. Schupp & Baugher T. 2016. Bench Grafting  https://youtu.be/ADIIcQGwAWA


Basedow, M., J. Schupp, R. Crassweller, T. Baugher. 2016. Bark Grafting. https://youtu.be/MQFuJGngs.3M


Parker M. 2017 Integrated orchard management guide for commercial apples in the Southeast. Edited by J. Walgenbach. NC Cooperative Extension Service, Raleigh.  AG-572. 88 pp.


Parker M., 2017. Published 2 apple videos on apple rootstocks and higher density training systems.


Moran, R.  2017. Plum Production in Maine.  https://extension.umaine.edu/publications/2034e/.  July 2017.


Basedow, M., R. Crassweller, J. Schupp and T. Baugher. 2016. Bench Grafting https://youtu.be/ADIIcQGwAWA


Basedow, M., J. Schupp, R. Crassweller, and T. Baugher. 2016. Bark Grafting. https://youtu.be/MQFuJGngs.3M


Lang, G.A. 2016. Cherry training systems – from traditional to transformative? American Fruit Grower 136(11):15-16. http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/cherry-trainingsystems-from-traditional-to-transformative/


Lang, G.A. 2016. Take a close look at the Tall Spindle Axe. American Fruit Grower 136(8):18-19. http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/take-a-closer-look-at-the-tall-spindle-axetraining-system/


Blatt, S. 2016. CBC News: Nova Scotia researchers growing dwarf cherry trees. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/dwarf-cherry-trees-growing-1.3687577.


Crassweller, R., L. Kime, and J. Harper. 2016. Agricultural Alternatives: Apple Production. Publication UA428. (complete revision) also on internet at http://extension.psu.edu/business/ag-alternatives/horticulture/fruits/apple-production


North Carolina State University produced 2 videos on apple rootstocks and higher density training systems.


Crassweller R., J. Schupp, R. Marini, 2017. Description: Web based article on rootstock descriptions & comments based on results from NC-140 trials. See: https://extension.psu.edu/apple-rootstocks  Authors: Product Type: Audio or Video


Crassweller R., J. Schupp, R. Marini, 2017.Description: Learn Now video. Apple rootstocks for high density orchards See: https://extension.psu.edu/rootstocks-for-high-density-apple-orchards


Esslinger J., R. Crassweller. Marini, 2017. Description: Orchard Management: Site Planning and Preparation. This course is designed for beginning tree fruit growers. Learn to choose an appropriate orchard site, address climate considerations and prepare for planting See: https://extension.psu.edu/orchard-management-site-planning-and-preparation?


Crassweller R., M. Basedow & T. Baugher Description: Apple trellis construction for high density orchard systems. Learn Now video prepared on the construction of support systems for tree fruit systems.See: https://extension.psu.edu/apple-trellis-construction-for-high-density-orchard-system


Scientific and Outreach Oral Presentations


Autio, W.R.  2017. Update on NC-140 trials in Massachusetts.  Massachusetts Fruit Growers’ Association Annual Meeting, February 8, 2017.  Attendance: 80.


Belisle, C., K. Adhikari, and D.J. Chavez. 2017. Understanding the variation in volatile compounds among commercial peach varieties. IX Intl. Peach Symp.


Belisle, C., U. Phan, D.J. Chavez, and K. Adhikari. 2017. Peaches in Georgia: Finding out what consumers want. Southern Region Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting.


Black, B. 2017. Peach fruit quality issues and research update.  Northern Utah Fruit meeting.  3 February 2017. Brigham City, UT. (attendance: 40)  Utah


Black, B. 2017. Peach growth and development and rootstock research update.  Utah State Horticultural Association annual winter meeting. 19 January, 2017.  Spanish Fork, UT (Attendance: 80)


Bradshaw T. and J. Foster, 2017. UVM Fruit Program Open House and Orchard Tour. Included a tour of NC-140 plot and explanation of research and progress to-date. August 25, 2017.


Casamali, B., M.W. van Iersel, and D.J. Chavez. 2017. Sub-optimal irrigation conditions and excessive fertilization decreased young peach plants growth. IX Intl. Peach Symp.


Chavez, D.J. 2017. Observations of winter damage on Georgia peach trees and lessons for the future. Southern Region Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting.


Chavez, D.J. and J. Cook. 2017. Use of gibberellin (GA) and aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) in Georgia peaches. Southern Region Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting.


Cochran, D.R.,2017.  NC140 ‘Honeycrisp’ rootstock trial update 2017. Iowa State University Fruit and Vegetable Growers Field Day, Horticulture Research Farm, IA, August 7, 2017.


Commercial stone fruit growers of Idaho, Washington, Utah, and Colorado.


Crassweller, R.  2017. Early Training of Tall Spindle Apple Trees: A Grower Panel. at 2017 Mid-Atlantic Fruit & Vegetable Conference February 1, 2017. Moderated by


Crassweller, R. M. 2016. Cherry Rootstock Update. Presented at Mid-Atlantic Fruit & Vegetable Conference 2/4/16. Hershey, PA


Fallahi, E., 2017. Apple growers of Idaho, Colorado, Utah, Oregon, and Washington received a comprehensive tour about performance of various rootstocks October 18, 2016.


Fallahi, E., 2017. On February 14, 2017, we had a daylong educational tour in Parma, Idaho and showed growers how to practice the new architectures and training in several rootstocks to commercial apple growers (35 growers participated).


Fallahi, E., 2017. Potential apple growers who are currently row crop growers in Idaho.


Fallahi, E., 2017. Presented a talk entitled “NC-140 Progress Report from Idaho” at the annual convention of the NC-140 Conference, College Park, Penn State University, November 9-14, 2016


Fallahi, E., 2017. Presented a talk entitled “The Impact of Rootstock on Fruit Yield and Quality and Minerals” at the annual convention of the Idaho State Horticultural Society, November 17-18, 2016.


Fallahi, E., 2017. Presented a tour and talked about the performance of various rootstocks to 45 apple growers during the general U of I Parma Field Day on June 18, 2017. 


Fallahi, E., 2017. Presented an invited talk at the annual Conference of International Tree Fruit Association in Wenatchee in February 2017; approx. 450 people from worldwide.


Fallahi, E., 2017. We also had a daylong educational tour and lecture on February 25, 2017 and 43 Idaho apple growers participated and asked numerous questions and took notes.  Also, each grower was asked to practice these new methods of training on different rootstocks.


Forney, C, Blatt, S, Forge, T, Cline, J, Munro-Pennell, K and Fillmore, S. 2017.  Impact of apple and cherry rootstocks on phloem composition and aphid resistance.  ISHS: International Symposium on Evaluation of Cultivars, Rootstocks and Management Systems for Sustainable Production of Deciduous Fruit Crops.


Hansen, S. and B. Black. 2017. Renewal pruning strategies for tart cherry in high-density management systems. ASHS Annual Conference, Waikoloa, HI, September 2017.


Kon, T.M. 2017. Apple crop load management: developing new tools and technologies. University of Georgia Department of Horticulture Seminar Series, Athens, GA


Kon, T.M. 2017. Developing a horticultural research and extension program for the southeastern apple industry. Clemson University Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences Seminar Series, Clemson, SC.


Kon, T.M. and J. Schupp. 2017. Comparing the efficacy of blossom thinning chemicals on ‘Golden Delicious’ apple. The American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Conference, Waikoloa, HI


Kon, T.M., C.D. Clavet, and J.D. Obermiller. 2017. Minimizing blind wood on ‘Gala’ apple trees with chemical and cultural practices. Southeastern Professional Fruit Workers Conference, Mils River, NC.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Changing Peach Tree Architectures – Manipulating Branches, Manipulating Genes, Michigan Spring Peach Meeting, Benton Harbor, MI; Mar 2.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Cherry Irrigation Management Considerations Related to Orchard Microclimate Modification. VI Seminario Internacional Control y Manejo del Riego en la Produccion Sustenable del Cerezo, Curico, Chile; Oct 24-25.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Competitive Orchards 2020 – Fruiting Wall Production Systems for Cherries, Peaches/Nectarines, and Apricots, Great Lakes Fruit Workers conference, Port Huron, MI; Nov 1.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Current Trends for Growing Sweet Cherries in the USA: Adoption of New Orchard Training Systems, Rootstocks, and Varieties, National Japanese Cherry Growers conference, Yamagata, Japan; Jun 5.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Fruit Production Under Protective Covers: Creating Your Own Climate Change is Not Just for Cherries Anymore, Colorado Horticultural Society, Grand Junction, CO; Jan 19.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Insights for Orchard Design and Management Using Intensive Sweet Cherry Canopy Archite tures on Dwarfing to semi-Vigorous Rootstocks, ISHS 8th International Cherry Symposium, Yamagata, Japan; Jun 6.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Intensive Tree Fruit Production Systems Research at SWMREC, Southwestern Michigan Research & Extension Center Field Day, Benton Harbor, MI; Aug 15.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Orchard Pruning Demonstrations, Northwestern Michigan Cherry Growers Workshop Tour, Grant and Sparta, MI; April.


Lang, G.A. 2017. State-of-the-Art Cherry Training Systems: Optimizing Fruit Quality, Yields, and Labor Efficiencies, Colorado Horticultural Society, Grand Junction, CO; Jan 18.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Sweet Cherries in the USA: Current Trends and Future Perspectives, ISHS 8th International Cherry Symposium, Yamagata, Japan; Jun 6.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Sweet Cherry and Peach Orchard Research and Pruning Demonstrations, International Fruit Tree Association Summer Tour, Sparta and Clarksville, MI; Jul 17-18.


Larson, J.E. and Lang, G.A. 2017. Whole Tree Renewal Regenerates Fruiting Structure Quickly in Mature Orchards, ASHS annual conference, Waikoloa, HI; Sept 22.


Liu, J., B. Casamali, M. van Iersel, O. Lindstrom, and D.J. Chavez. 2017. The effect of fertilization and irrigation treatments on cold hardiness of young peach plants. IX Intl. Peach Symp.


Liu, J., O. Lindstrom, A. Malladi, C. Robacker, and D.J. Chavez. 2017. Low temperature damage of peach floral buds as assessed by vital staining. IX Intl. Peach Symp.


Liu, J., O. Lindstrom, A. Malladi, E. Smith, M. Olmstead, and D. Chavez. 2017. Cold Hardiness of Peach: Is DTA a Game Changer? Southern Region Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting.


Marini, R.P. 2016. Two Decades of NC140 Trial Results. 2016 IFTA Pre-Conference Intensive Workshop. Grand Rapids, MI. Feb. 6, 2016.


Miller S.T., Otto K., Sterle D., Minas I.S., Stewart J.E. 2017. Developing strategies for managing Cytospora canker in peach orchards in Colorado. Poster presentation at 9th International Peach Symposium, July 2-6, Bucharest, Romania.


Minas I.S., Blanco-Cipollone F. 2017. Non-destructive assessment of the effect of crop load and canopy position on peach fruit harvest maturity and internal quality using near infrared spectroscopy. Oral presentation at 9th International Peach Symposium, July 2-6, Bucharest, Romania.


Minas I.S., Sterle D., Caspari H. 2017. Understanding the environmental bases for cold hardiness and cold damage in peach floral buds using differential thermal analysis. Oral presentation at 9th International Peach Symposium, July 2-6, Bucharest, Romania.


Minas, I.S, Sterle, D., Caspari, H. 2017. Cold hardiness assessment of peach flower buds using differential thermal analysis (DTA) in western Colorado (dormant season 2016 - 17 ). CSU Pomology web page. https://minas.agsci.colostate.edu/files/2017/03/Peach-fruit-bud-cold-hardiness-update24-3_13_17.pdf


Minas, I.S, Sterle, D., Caspari, H. 2017. Differential thermal analysis to understanding the environmental bases for cold hardiness and cold damage in peach floral buds. Oral presentation at 2017 American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS) Annual Conference, September 19-22, 2017, Waikoloa, Hawaii.


Minas, I.S. 2017. CSU Pomology Research Program Update, Oral presentation at Western Colorado Horticultural Society 2017 Annual Meeting, Western Colorado Horticultural Society, January 19, 2017, Grand Junction, CO.


Minas, I.S. NC-140 Peach & Apple Rootstock Trials Update. 2017 CSU Pomology Field Day, May 18, 2017, WCRC-OM, Grand Junction, CO.


Reighard G.L.  2017.  Insufficient winter chilling in peach: horticultural ramifications and recommendations.  Annual meeting of American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS). Kona, HI. September 19-22, 2017.


Reighard, G.L. 2017.  Forecasting and minimizing the effects of inadequate chilling on Southeastern peach production.  SE Regional Fruit & Vegetable Conference. Savannah, GA. Jan. 6, 2017.


Reighard, G.L., G. Schnabel and J.C. Melgar.  2017.  What we know and do not know about a peach skin bronzing disorder.  ISHS IX International Peach Symposium. July 2-6, 2017.  Bucharest, Romania.


Reighard, G.L., J.C. Melgar, R.T. Burrell, F. Bittencourt and K. Gasic.  2017.  Peach cultivar growing degree day requirements to reach fruit maturity in South Carolina.  ISHS IX International Peach Symposium. July 2-6, 2017.  Bucharest, Romania.


Reighard, G.L., J.C. Melgar, R.T. Burrell, F. Bittencourt and K. Gasic.  2017.  Estimating peach maturity dates from ovules benchmarks and growing degree days in South Carolina.  Southern Region American Society for Horticultural Science (SR-ASHS). Mobile, AL. Feb. 3-5, 2017.


Reighard, G.L., W. Maffit, T. Feng, F. B. M. Souza, C. Saski, R. Pio and K. Gasic. 2017.  Thinning time influences peach fruit size and expression of cell growth and expansion genes.  Annual meeting of American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS). Kona, HI. September 19-22, 2017.


Reighard, G.L., W. Maffit, T. Feng, F. Bittencourt de Souza, C. Saski, R. Pio and K. Gasic.  2017.  Early thinning of peach fruit influences expression of cell growth and expansion genes. ISHS International Symposium on Flowering, Fruit Set and Alternate Bearing.  June 19-23, 2017.  Palermo, Italy.


Reighard, G.L., W.G. Henderson and D. Ouellette.  2016.  Prunus rootstock testing for peach tolerance to Pseudomonas and Armillaria diseases in South Carolina.  III International Symposium on Horticulture in Europe. Chania, Crete, Greece. October 17-21, 2016.


Schupp, J. 2017. Adventures in chemical thinning, 2016. Adams County Fruit Growers Educational Meeting, Biglerville, PA. 20 Feb 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Chemical thinning of apples. Provide Agro Demo Day 2017. Fruitwood Farms Ltd., Denfield, Ontario, Canada, 29 Mar 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Chemical thinning update. Southeastern Region Extension Twilight Meeting. Stoudt’s Fruit Farm, Hamburg, PA. May 17, 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Evaluation of early thinning with NAD or ASE, with or without post-bloom NAA + carbaryl. Northeast Plant Growth Regulator Meeting, Wilkes-Barre, PA. 7 March 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Factors influencing chemical thinning. Illinois Specialty Crop, Agritourism, and Organics Conference, Springfield, Il, 11 Jan 2017


Schupp, J. 2017. Peach pruning. Illinois Specialty Crop, Agritourism, and Organics Conference, Springfield, Il, 12 Jan 2017


Schupp, J. 2017. Preliminary results of 2017 field trials on plant growth regulators. Plant Protection Field Day. Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center, Biglerville, PA.  12 Sept. 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Pruning by the numbers. Illinois Specialty Crop, Agritourism, and Organics Conference, Springfield, Il, 12 Jan 2017


Schupp, J. 2017. Pruning Demonstration. Provide Agro Demo Day 2017. Fruitwood Farms Ltd., Denfield, Ontario, Canada, 29 Mar 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. ReTain for shifting the harvest date of Gala apples from August to October? Northeast Plant Growth Regulator Meeting, Wilkes-Barre, PA. 8 March 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Rules-based approach to pruning tall spindle apple trees. W2009 Integrated Systems Research and Development in Automation and Sensors for Sustainability of Specialty Crops. Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center, Biglerville, PA. 14 Sept 2017.


Schupp, J. 2017. Stimulating branching on young apple trees. Southeastern Region Extension Twilight Meeting. Stoudt’s Fruit Farm, Hamburg, PA. May 17, 2017.


Schupp, J., H. E. Winzeler and M. Schupp. 2017. Artificial spur extinction or NAD for early thinning of Honeycrisp. Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA.  31 Jan - 2 Feb 2017, (poster).


Shengrui Yao, Fruit pruning demonstration (with 2015 organic apple rootstock trial included). Presented at the New Mexico Fruit Growers Annual Workshop on March 2, 20170.


Sherif S. and K. Yoder. 2017. Discussion of NC-140 2014 ‘Honeycrisp’ planting, on-site at Saunders Bros. Orchard. Piney River, VA. Presented as part of the Central Virginia orchard meeting series. 25 Apr 2017. General public. Attendance: 35.


Sherif S. and K. Yoder. 2017. Open House at the Alson H. Smith, Jr. AREC: Tour of the Horticulture and Pathology plantings. Winchester, VA. 12 Aug 2017. General public. Attendance: 65.


Sherif. S. 2017. Bitter pit in the NC-140 2014 ‘Honeycrisp’ planting. Presented at USDA Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory, Kearneysville, WV. 29 Aug 2017. General public. Attendance: 73.


Stasiak, M. Apple Rootstock Update. 2017 Great Plains Growers Conference, St. Joseph,MO. January 12-14, 2017. Attendance: 40.


Wolfe. D.   25 June 2016. Apple and peach rootstock trials in Kentucky.  UKREC Horticulture Field Day.  Homeowner / grower audience. Attendance 20.


Fund Leveraging, specifically, collaborative grants between stations and members.


NC-140 members have written research proposals and attracted extramural funding associated or directly related to the five objectives of this project from local, regional, national and international funding sources. For fiscal year 2016/2017, funding and matching funds reported by members amounted to $7,745,123.14 plus $26,575 in-kind support from primarily commodity groups, state and competitive grant sources.


 Autio W. et al. 2017. NC140 Trial Coordination – Cherry. International Fruit Tree Association. $10,000.


Bessin, Ricardo, Carrie Ann Knott, Winston C. Dunwell, Emily Pfeufer, Nicole Ward Gauthier, and Edwin L. Ritchey. 2017-2020. The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), USDA issued the referenced award for the project entitled, Kentucky Extension IPM Implementation Program: 2017-2020. 2017; Total: $128,889.00, UK Nursery Crops, $14,746.


Black, B. 2014-2017. A Comparison of Water Relations and WUE Among Fruit Tree Rootstocks. Utah Dept. Ag. & Food, Specialty Crop Block Grant. $31,029.


Bradshaw T., 2017. Rootstock and tree training systems for unique apple production systems. Vermont Agriculture Experiment Station Hatch Grants Program, Oct 2017-Sep 2020. $64,084.  


Chavez Dario. 2017. Cultivar Development Research Program - UGARF   Development of peach and nectarine cultivars for Georgia. $13,952.25.


Chavez Dario. 2017. GA Commodity Commission for Peaches. Irrigation and fertilization management in Georgia. $10,963.


Chavez Dario. 2017. GA Commodity Commission for Peaches. New Irrigation and Fertigation Practices for Georgia Peach Production. $7,876.


Chavez Dario. 2017.Georgia Seed Development Program to Enhance Plant Breeding.      Specialized equipment orchard tractor for maintenance of field plots. $71,411.


Chavez Dario. 2017.Office of Research and the Office of International Education UGA.      Prunus serotina subsp. capuli distribution and population characterization. $7,000.


Chavez Dario. 2017.Seed Grant UGA CAES Academic Unit. Using of optimized scanning methods for undergraduate education $7,246.99.


Chavez Dario. 2017.USDA Innovation Grant. Breeding stone fruit adapted to the production environment of the southeastern U.S. $25,000.


Chavez Dario. 2017-2019.     USDA Specialty Crop Block Grant – Georgia. Assessing transferability of Listeria monocytogenes within stone fruit packing facilities. Total value $114,956.40. Co-PI value $16,991.28.


Cheng et al., 2016-2021. Lead institution: Cornell University. SCRI – USDA. Accelerating the Development, Evaluation, and Adoption of New Apple Rootstock Technologies to Improve Apple Grower Profitability and Sustainability. USDA-SCRI-SREP. $4,281,618. (Fallahi E. budget $160,000; Kalcsits L. budget 429,537; Musacchi S. budget: $412,061).


Crassweller R. M., and J.R. Schupp. 2017. Apple Rootstock & Cultivar Evaluations, SHAP Research Committee. $22,737


Crassweller, R. M. and D. E. Smith, 2017.  New Apple Rootstocks’Influence on Mineral Composition of Leaves and Fruit. SARE On-farm Research/Partnership Project $14,562


Crassweller, R., and D. Smith, 2017. Second Generation Apple System Trials. SHAP Endowment Committee.  $9,000


Doe, J.M. 2002. Do rootstocks alter tree performance? International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association. $129,000. Again, include only fund leveraging specific to NC-140 Objectives!


Evans Kate and Amit Dhingra. 2015-2018. Developing the foundation for U.S. pear rootstock breeding. PNW Pear Bureau.Budget: $273,253.


Fallahi, E., 2017. Received $ 7,000 worth of chemicals from Wilbur Ellis Company for pest and disease control of rootstock projects.


Fallahi, E., 2017. Received approximately $ 8,800 in labor and equipment (in-kind) from Idaho fruit industry for operation of various apple rootstock projects.


Forney, C, Song, J, Blatt, S Xu, H and Burgher-MacLellan, K. 2018 (3 years). Reduction of aphids in apple production systems through enhancement of resistance.  Agriculture and Agri-Food funding $238,700 (pending). Nova Scotia


Hampson, C. R. 2017. Apple rootstock evaluation in British Columbia conditions. Costs of supporting the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial were covered by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Growing Forward 2 program, AIP-P020 Canadian Tree Fruit Products Development. Jointly funded by AAFC and the BC Fruit Growers’ Association.


Ingram, Dewayne (PI), Win Dunwell, John Strang, Shubin Saha, and Timothy Woods.  KY Agricultural Development Fund grant. Infrastructure for Kentucky Horticulture (Kentucky Horticulture Council #8). $510,600 for 2017.


Jayanty, S. S., Minas, I., Bartolo, M. E., Grant, "Postharvest handling strategies for Colorado specialty crops to increase marketability and improve consumer quality", Agricultural Experiment Station, Colorado State University, $26,065, Active. (sub: May 12, 2016, start: September 29, 2016, end: June 30, 2018).


Kon, T.M. 2017. Private industry support. Amount Awarded: $9,965.


Kon, T.M., D. Ducharme, C.C. Gunter, F. Louws, I. Meadows, D.R. Panthee, M.L. Parker, P. Perkins-Veazie, S. Villani, and J. Walgenbach. 2017. An ultramodern fruit and vegetable packing system: new opportunities in research and education programs. CALS Dean’s Enrichment Grants Program; North Carolina State University. Amount Awarded: $75,000; Total Project Funding: $180,000.


Kushad, M. M. June, 2016 to June, 2017. USDA, Training of Saudi FDA teams on pesticides use and management.  NC.140 trials were used as an example.  $49,800.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Apple Rootstock Evaluations. Michigan Apple Committee. $15,712.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Bitter Pit in ‘Honeycrisp’. Michigan Apple Committee. $13,054.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Competitive Orchard Systems 2020. International Fruit Tree Association. $9,000.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Fruiting Wall and High Tunnel Stone Fruit Production. Michigan State Horticultural Society. $8,888.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Fruiting Wall Orchard Systems for Stone Fruits. International Fruit Tree Association. $5,000.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Preserving ‘Honeycrisp’ Apple Quality and Profitability. Project GREEEN. $37,900.


Lang, G.A. 2017. Sweet Cherry Orchard Designs. Michigan Cherry Committee. $1,000.


Minas, I., 2016. Grant, "Establishment of a Tree Fruit Physiology and Quality Program at Western Colorado", Western Colorado Horticultural Society, $10,000 Active. (start: October 1, 2016)


Minas, I., 2016. Grant, "WCRC Pomology", Colorado Apple Administrators Commission, Other, $7,414.50, Active. (start: September 5, 2016).


Musacchi S., K. Lewis, K. Gallardo, T. Auvil. 2014-2017. WA 38 Rootstock and Systems Trial. Washington Tree Fruit Research Commission (WTFRC)  Total Budget: 242,519 US$ personal budget: $133,495.


Musacchi, S., L. Kalcsits, D. Layne and K. Gallardo. 2015-2018. Cosmic CrispTM: Training system and orchard management to optimize vigor control and quality. Specialty Crop Block Grant Program. Total budget $249,191.


Neilsen, D. 2017.  Cherry rootstock and training system evaluation in British Columbia conditions.  Costs of supporting the 2010 NC-140 cherry rootstock trial covered by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s A-base project J-001036.001 ‘Developing more resilient tree fruit production systems from the ground up: Rootstocks with enhanced tolerance to emerging biotic threats to orchard health’ .


Parker, M.L. NC Legislature/Special Bill funding for apple research - $9,000.


Peck, G.M. and M. Williams. 2014-2017. Towards ecologically-based fertilizer recommendations that improve soil quality in high-density apple orchards. USDA-NIFA, Southern Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension Program (SSARE). $140,000.


Reighard, G.  2016.  Guardian® seed sales.  South Carolina Foundation Seed.  $205,000.


Reighard, G.  2016.  NC-140 trial coordinator grant. International Fruit Tree Association. $2,000 of $10,000.


Reighard, G.  2017. “Screening peach rootstocks for adaptability, productivity, and tolerance to Armillaria and bacterial canker”.  South Carolina Peach Council research grant.  $4,000.


Reighard, G., K. Gasic, C. Saski, et al. “Short and long-term solutions for Armillaria Root Rot in Prunus.” USDA Multi-State Specialty Crops Block Grant of $927,000 with the Pennsylvania Dept. of Ag.  March 31, 2017.


Renae Moran. Maine Research Reinvestment Funds, $7000.


Robinson T., H. Aldwinckle, G. Fazio, G. Peck, 2017. Strategies to improve root development, tree growth and management of apple nursery trees. - Sponsored by International Fruit Tree Association ($10,000).


Robinson, H. Aldwinckle, G. Fazio, G. Peck, 2017. Orchard management systems for improved yield and fruit quality – Sponsored by Apple Research and Development Program ($69,136).


Robinson, T., H. Aldwinckle, G. Fazio, G. Peck, 2017. Evaluation of the Cornell-Geneva Apple Rootstocks and Other Promising Apple Rootstocks. - Sponsored by International Fruit Tree Association ($10,000).


Schupp. J. R.2017. Competitive Orchard Systems and Technologies. SHAP Research Committee $13,582


Shengrui Yao, Robert Heyduck and Steve Guldan. 2014-2017. Organic apple high density planting in New Mexico. Specialty Crop Block Grant through NM Department of Agriculture.  $27,242.


Song, J, Forge, T, Blatt, S, Neilsen D, Forney, C and Burgher-MacLellan, K. 2016-2018 (3 years).An ‘omics’ approach to evaluating rootstock resistance to rosy apple aphid. Agriculture and Agri-Food funding $117,973. Nova Scotia


Song, J, Forge, T, Blatt, S, Neilsen D, Forney, C and Burgher-MacLellan, K. 2015-2018 (3 years). Costs of supporting the apple and cherry rootstock trials covered by AAFC’s A-base funding, project J-001036.001: ‘Developing more resilient tree fruit production systems from the ground up: Rootstocks with enhanced tolerance to emerging biotic threats to orchard health”.


Stasiak and Atucha. UW-EXT Fruit Team funding for maintenance of NC140 rootstocks apple and cherry rootstock plantings. $1,500.


Stasiak and Atucha. Wisconsin Apple Growers Association funding for evaluation of NC140apple rootstocks in Wisconsin. $2,500.


Stasiak.  Door County, WI extension support funding for commercial cherry and apple rootstock fruit research and outreach. $2,500.


Stasiak. Wisconsin Cherry Board funding for establishment of the 2017 NC140 Tart Cherry High Density Rootstock and Irrigation Trials. $2,500.


Stewart, J. E. (PI), Minas, I. (CoPI), Grant, “Cytospora management in peach orchards through cultural practices, cultivar selection, and stress mitigation”, Specialty Block Grants, Colorado Department of Agriculture (CDA) (2017): $91,218 (awarded: May, 2017, start: Feb 1, 2018, end: November 1, 2019).


Valent Corp. Research grant for peach thinning research. $9,000. March 15, 2017.


Villani, S., T. Kon, and J. Walgenbach. 2017. Request for emergency funding to address apple tree death in western North Carolina. CALS; North Carolina State University. Amount Awarded: $14,000.


Villani, S.M. and T.M. Kon. 2017. Defining rapid apple decline: gaining insight into the relationship between abiotic stressors and disease-driven death of apple trees in high-density systems. CALS NC Agricultural Foundation Grant; North Carolina State University. Amount Awarded: $24,800.


Villanueva, Raul, Ricardo Bessin, John Obrychi, Winston Dunwell. 2017-2018. Studies on Ambrosia Beetles Affecting Nursery Crops and Fruit Trees in Kentucky. Kentucky Specialty Crop Block Grant Program, $33,564.


Wolfe, D. 2013-2018. New peach/nectarine cultivar planting.  Cumberland Valley Nursery. $1000.


Wolfe, D. 2014-2017. Technical Staffing from Kentucky Agricultural Development Board / Kentucky Horticulture Council grant. Infrastructure for Kentucky Horticulture.  $53,645.


Yoder, K.S. 2016-2017. Apple rootstock susceptibility to Tomato Ring Spot Virus (TmRSV) and latent viruses. Virginia Apple Research Program. $9,500.


Yoder, K.S. 2016-2017. New Rootstocks, Cultivars, and Training Systems for Virginia, project support for 2016. Virginia Apple Research Program. $6,125.


Yoder, K.S. 2017-2018. Apple rootstock susceptibility to Tomato Ring Spot Virus (TmRSV) and latent viruses. Virginia Apple Research Program. $9,508.


Yoder, K.S. 2017-2018. New Rootstocks, Cultivars, and Training Systems for Virginia, Project Support for 2017. Virginia Apple Research Program. $7,644.


Industry Matching


Michigan Tree Fruit Commission; $16,575 nursery tree purchases, trellis and irrigation installation, pruning equipment


Michigan, Al-Mar Orchards, Flushing, MI; $2,500 in-kind land use and maintenance for apple rootstock trial.


Michigan Rasch Orchards, Sparta, MI; $2,500 in-kind land use and maintenance for apple rootstock trial.


Michigan Riveridge Produce Marketing Co., Sparta, MI; $5,000 in-kind trellis materials and installation, land use, and maintenance for the 2017 NC140 sweet cherry rootstock trial and two sweet cherry training sy

01/01/1970

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