NC_OLD140: Improving Economic and Environmental Sustainability in Tree-Fruit Production Through Changes in Rootstock Use

(Multistate Research Project)

Status: Active

SEAS-422 Reports

11/21/2012

Collaborative research directed by members of this group led to 17 peer-reviewed publications, 43 non peer-reviewed publications, and numerous Extension articles and presentations that reached fruit growers throughout North America. Seven articles in trade journals highlighted the impact of rootstock research on tree fruit production.


Peer-reviewed Publications


Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, J. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R. Perry, G.L. Reighard and M. Warmund. 2011. Performance of several semidwarfing rootstocks with Fuji and McIntosh as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 semidwarf apple rootstock trials. Acta Hort. 903:327-334.


Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, T. Bradshaw, J. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J. Schupp, and M. Warmund. 2011. Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with Fuji and McIntosh as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. Acta Hort. 903:319-326.


Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, G. Lang, J. Masabni, D.D. Miller, R.A. Parra Quezada, R. Perry, and C. Rom. 2011. Performance of Gala apple trees on Supporter 4 and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks as part of the 2002 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. Acta Hort. 903:311-318.


Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, S.A. Hoying, K.A. Iungerman, R.S. Johnson, G. Lang, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2011. Performance of Fuji and McIntosh apple trees after 10 years as affected by several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 5(2):2-20.


Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, S.A. Hoying, K.A. Iungerman, R.S. Johnson, G. Lang, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2011. Performance of Fuji and McIntosh apple trees after 10 years as affected by several semidwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 5(2):21-38.


Elkins, R., R. Bell, and T. Einhorn. 2012. Needs assessment for future US pear rootstock research directives based on the current state of pear production and rootstock research. Journal of the American Pomological Society 66(3):153-163.


Elkins, R.B., S. Castagnoli, C. Embree, R. Parra-Quezada, T.L. Robinson, T.J. Smith and C.A. Ingels. 2011. Evaluation of potential rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity. Acta Hort. 909 (1): 183-194.


Hampson, C. R. 2012. The performance of four Vineland apple rootstocks in British Columbia, Canada. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 66(1):23-27.


Hampson, C.R., P. Randall and P. Sholberg. 2012. Tolerance of Vineland apple rootstocks to waterlogging and Phytophthora infestation. Can. J. Plant Sci. 92(2):267-269.


Hoover, E.E., R.P. Marini, E. Tepe, W.R. Autio, A.R. Biggs, J.M. Clements, R.M. Crassweller, D.Foster, M.Foster, D. Doud Miller, M.L. Parker, G.M. Peck, J. Racsko, T.L. Robinson, M.R. Warmund. 2012. eApples: A case study in using eXtension to increase access to research-based information. HortTechnology 22:576-579.


Lang, G., T. Valentino, H. Demirsoy, and L. Demirsoy. 2011. High tunnel sweet cherry studies: innovative integration of precision canopies, precocious rootstocks, and environmental physiology. Acta Hort. 903:717-723.


Lang, G., T. Valentino, T. Robinson, J. Freer, H. Larsen, and R. Pokharel. 2011. Differences in mineral nutrient concentration of dormant cherry spurs as affected by rootstock, scion, and orchard site. Acta Hort. 903:93-971.


Marini, R.P., Autio, W.R., Black, B., Cline, J.A., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Hampson, C., Moran, R., Quezada, R.A., Robinson, T., Stasiak, M. and Wolfe, D. 2012. The influence of crop density on annual trunk growth of Golden Delicious apple trees on three rootstocks at 11 locations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 66(4):183-195.


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J.A. Cline, W. Cowgill Jr., R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A Parra-Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, D.L. Ward, D. Wolfe. 2012. Summary of the NC-140 apple physiology trial: The relationship between Golden Delicious fruit weight and crop density at 12 locations as influenced by tree dwarfing rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society 66:78-90.


Olmstead, J.S., M.D. Whiting, D. Ophardt, N.C. Oraguzie, and G.A. Lang. 2011. PC7064-3 (Selah") sweet cherry. HortSci. 46:123-124.


Ouzounis, T. and G.A. Lang. 2011. Foliar applications of urea affect nitrogen reserves and cold acclimation of sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.) on dwarfing rootstocks. HortScience 46:1015-1021.


Robinson, T.L., Lakso, A.N. and Hoying, S.A. 2012. Advances in predicting chemical thinner response of apple using a Malusim carbon balance model. Acta Hort. 932:223-229.


Other Publications (Abstracts, Fact Sheets, newsletters, reports)


Autio, W. 2012. NC-140 Trial Coordination. Compact Fruit Tree 44(2):9-10.


Autio, W., J. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2012. Results from the first year of fruiting in the 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts. Fruit Notes 77(1):9-10; Horticultural News 92(1):9-10.


Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, and R. Magron. 2012. Final report of the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Fruit Notes 77(2): 7-10; Horticultural News 92(2): 7-10.


Bell, R. L., R. B. Elkins, and T. Einhorn. 2012. Current state of pear rootstock research progress and priorities (abstract). HortScience 47(9) Supplement: S100.


Clements, J., W. Autio, J. Krupa, W. Cowgill, R. Magron, and S. Sollner-Figler. 2012. 2002 Massachusetts/New Jersey Cameo Dwarf Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 77(1):4-6; Horticultural News 92(1): 4-6.


Domoto, P. and L. Schroeder. 2012. Performance of Gibson Golden Delicious on dwarfing rootstocks. Ann. Prog. Rept.  2011 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF11-36:46-47. http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/11reports/Horticulture/PerformanceGibsonGolden.pdf


Domoto, P. and L. Schroeder. 2012. Second year performance of Honeycrisp on 31 dwarfing rootstocks in the Iowa planting of the NC-140 2010 regional rootstock trial. Ann. Prog. Rept.  2011 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF11-36:44-45. http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/11reports/Horticulture/SecondYearHoneycrisp.pdf


Elkins, R. 2011. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear. 2011 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 104-113.


Fazio, G., D. Kviklys, M. Grusak and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Elucidating the Genetics of Absorption and Translocation of Macro- and Micronutrients by Apple Rootstocks in the Context of Breeding Populations. HortScience 47(9):S101 (Abstr.)


Fazio, G., D. Kviklys, M.A. Grusak and T. Robinson. 2012. Soil pH, soil type and replant disease affect growth and nutrient absorption of apple rootstocks. NY Fruit Quarterly 20(1):22-28.


Hoover, E., R. Marini, E. Tepe, W. Autio, A. Biggs, J. Clements, R. Crassweller, D. Foster, M. Foster, D. Miller, M. Parker, J. Racsko, T. Robinson, and M. Warmund. 2011. Apple rootstocks and cultivars: A case study using eXtension to increase access to research-based information. Compact Fruit Tree 44(3): 9-12.


Huffman, L., M. Miranda-Saso, and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Is fall planting for apples a good idea? Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(20):2-3.


Lang, G. 2012. Integrating new technologies, germplasm, and physiology into innovative strategies for producing high quality sweet cherries. OPGMA Today (Summer issue).


Lang, G., E. Hanson, and B. Gluck. 2012. Organic production of cherries and raspberries in high tunnels. Organic Broadcaster 20(5):7, 14.


Lang, G.A. 2011. Producing first-class sweet cherries: integrating new technologies, germplasm, and physiology into innovative orchard management strategies. Proc. 3rd Serbian Conference Innovations in Fruit Growing: Modern Production of Sweet and Sour Cherry pp. 59-74.


Lang, G.A. 2011. Strategie di conduzione per lalta qualità. Rivista di Frutticoltura October (10) Suppl.:16-17.


Lang, G.A. 2012. Strategie e techniche innovative per produzioni di alta qualità. Rivista di Frutticoltura April (4):24-28.


Lang. 2011. Proizvodne prakse za stone treanje sadaanjost I budunost proizvodnje za izvoz. USAID Serbia Agrobiznis Projekat, 31 pp.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T. Robinson. 2012. Strategies to control vegetative growth. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(4):1-2.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. 2012 Studies using Retain and NAA for pre-harvest drop control of Linda Mac and Honeycrisp in New York State. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting 2012:20-21 (Abstr.)


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Working Efficiently in Apple Orchards. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting 2012:44 (Abstr.)


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Assessment of Bud Damage and Bloom Prediction Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(6):1-2.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Branch management is critical for moderate and highly vigorous apple trees. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(15):2-3.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Current Apple Bloom Prediction (April 9, 2012). Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(7):1-2.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Strong leader growth is critical when growing a weak apple cultivar in years 1-3. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(14):6-7.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. The Horticultural Benefits of an Early Start. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(4):6-7.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. The Orchard Planted Today Will Be Your Orchard in 2027. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(5):5-6.


Robinson, T, B. Bujdoso and B. Reginato. 2012. Using Pruning to Improve the Fruit Size of Sweetheart, Lapins and Hedelfingen Sweet Cherry Grown on Gisela Rootstocks. NY Fruit Quarterly 20(3):12-16.


Robinson, T. and K. Iungerman. 2012. Thinning Heavy Blooming Honeycrisp in 2012. Northern NY Fruit Newsletter 2012(1): 1.


Robinson, T., M. Miranda-Sazo, and C. Kahlke. 2012. The Use of Retain and NAA for Commercial Drop Control of Apples. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(17):2-3.


Robinson, T.L. 2012. Congrés IFTA  Chili/Argneine/Brésil. Zoom Abre Fruitier. Edition 2012:26-29.


Robinson, T.L. 2012. IFTA Conference  Chile/Argentina/Brazil. AGYours- Tree Fruit. 2012 Edition :24-27.


Robinson, T.L. 2012. The Physiology of Trees during Dormancy. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(3):2-3.


Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2012. Precision Thinning and Precision Irrigation. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting 2012:40 (Abstr.)


Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012. Forecasting Apple Bloom in the Spring of 2012 Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(5):1-2.


Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012. Irrigation: An Increasingly Essential Practice for New Tall Spindle Plantings. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(8):1-2.


Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012. Western NY Crop Situation as of May 15th, 2012. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(12):5-8.


Robinson, T.L. M. Fargione and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012. The Benefits of Boron and Zinc to Overcome the Effects of Early Spring Frosts. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(7):5.



Robinson, T.L., S.A. Hoying, M. Miranda and K. Iungerman. 2012. AVG Combined with NAA Control Preharvest Drop of McIntosh Apples Better than Either Chemical Alone. HortScience 47(9):S164 (Abstr.)


Rothwell, N. and G. Lang. 2012. Fall foliar nitrogen applications should be applied now. MSUE News (also NW FruitNet), September.


Ward, W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2012. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002 total pages (229). New Jersey Plant and Pest Fruit Newsletter, 309 articles written. http://njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/plantandpestadvisory/


Wolfe, D., D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2011. Rootstock effects on apple and peach growth and yield. 2011 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-626:11-14. http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/pr/pr626/pr626.pdf


Wolfe, Dwight. 2012. Apple Tree Training. Kentucky Fruit Facts (3/2012):3. http://www.ca.uky.edu/fruitfacts/ffMar12.pdf



Articles in Trade Journals



Lehnert, R. 2011. Resistant Rootstocks Key to Surviving Fireblight. Good Fruit Grower Feb. 11, 2011.


Lehnert, R. 2012. Choosing a Peach Rootstock. Good Fruit Grower, July 2012.


Moser, M. 2012. Geneva Rootstocks are Exciting, Frustrating. Fruit Grower News, November 2012, p. 54.


Rothwell, N. 2011. MSU Studying High-Density Tart Cherries. Fruit Grower News, Nov. 2011.


Sigler, D. Achieve the Right Ratio of Wood and Buds in Cherry. Fruit Grower News, May 2012.

Sigler, D. Apples: How to Know What to Plant. Fruit Grower News, April 2012.
Warner, G. 2012. Cherry Tours Highlight Innovations. Good Fruit Grower website, 2012. http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/Web-2012/Cherry-tours-highlight-innovations/.



Presentations and Field Days



Domoto. Jan. 27, Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Growers Conference, Ankeny, IA, 150 attendees


Domoto. 2011 Performance of Gibson Golden Delicious on 23 rootstocks in the Iowa planting of NC-140 2003 apple rootstock trial, Second year performance of Honeycrisp on 31 dwarfing rootstocks in the Iowa planting of the NC-140 2010 regional apple rootstock trial. July 23, Fruit and Vegetable Field Day, ISU Horticulture Research Station, Ames, IA, 90 attendees


Coneva. Peach Rootstock Cultivar Evaluations, Regional Bulletin. 2012. http://www.aaes.auburn.edu/comm/pubs/pubsbytype/rebull2125.php


Coneva. Peach Rootstock Trial in Alabama. Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Alabama Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association, Auburn, AL, February 10-11, 2012.


Coneva. Peach Rootstock Trial Demonstration. 2012 Home and Wildlife Expo, Chilton REC, AL, August 4, 2012. (Attendance 750+).


Bell, R. and R. Elkins. Current state of pear rootstock research: progress and priorities. American Society for Horticultural Science Pomology Working Group Workshop, Rootstocks: Challenges and Progress, August 2, 2012, Miami, Florida.


Elkins, R. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear (two presentations). 2012 Sacramento River District Pear Research Meeting, February 2, 2012, Walnut Grove, California and 2012 North Coast Pear Research Meeting, February 16, 2012, Lakeport, California.


Elkins, R. Spring Irrigation and Field Meeting. May 20, 2012, Talmage, Mendocino County, California.


Fallahi. Idaho State Horticultural Society Summer Tour, July 18, 2012 (110 attended)


Fallahi. Idaho and Washington Fruit Growers March Field Day , March 14, 2012 (65 attended)


Fallahi. University of Idaho Pomology Program Fruit Field Day, September 14, 2012 (900 attended)


Cowgill. North Jersey Fruit Meeting, March 2012; Broadway, NJ, 62 attendees, growers



Cowgill. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, April, 11; Rutgers Snyder Farm, Pittstown, NJ 44 attendees, growers


Cowgill. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, May 3; Phillips Farm, Milford, NJ 66 attendees, growers


Cowgill. North Jersey Twilight Horticultural Research Meeting, Rutgers Snyder Farm, September, 2012; sponsored by RCE and NJ NOFA  48 growers participating


Coneva. NC-140 2009 Peach Rootstock Trial. Chilton County Regional Peach Production Meeting, February 2, 2012, Clanton, AL. (Attendance 89).


Coneva. Peach rootstock evaluations in Alabama. Poster presentation at the SR ASHS Annual Meeting, Birmingham, AL, February 3-5, 2012.


Strang. Jan. 5, 2012, Apple Rootstocks. Kentucky Fruit and Vegetable Growers Conference, Lexington, KY, attendance 50.





01/08/2014

Collaborative research directed by members of this group led to 28 peer-reviewed publications, 41 non peer-reviewed publications, and numerous Extension articles and presentations that reached fruit growers throughout North America. Two articles in trade journals highlighted the impact of rootstock research on tree fruit production.


Peer Reviewed
Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, R. Magron, and S. Sollner-Figler. 2013. Third-leaf results from the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Fruit Notes 78(3):7-8.


Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Parra-Quezada and D. Wolfe. 2013. Gala apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks: A final 10-year report on the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67:62-71.


Beckman, T.G., J.X. Chaparro and W.B. Sherman. 2012. MP-29, a clonal interspecific hybrid rootstock for peach. HortScience 47(1):128-131.


Clements, Jon M., W.P. Cowgill, R. Magron, and W.R. Autio. 2013. Ten-year Performance of Cameo® Apple Trees on Three Dwarf Rootstocks in Massachusetts and New Jersey as Part of the NC-140 Regional Rootstock Research Project. (Abstract.) HortScience, 48(9) (Supplement): S4.http://ashs.org/downloads/supplement/2013NE-ASHS_AnnualMtg.pdf


DeJong, T. M. , S. Tombesi, B. Basile and D. Da Silva. 2013. Beakbane and Thompson (1939, East Malling) Had It Right: Scion Vigour is Physiologically Linked to the Xylem Anatomy of the Rootstock. Aspects of Applied Biology 119: 51-58.


Einhorn, T., Castagnoli, S., Smith, T., Turner, J., and Mielke, E. 2013. Summary of the 2002 Pacific Northwest Pear Rootstock Trials: Performance of dAnjou and Golden Russet Bosc pear on eight Pyrus rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67 (2): 80-88.


Fallahi, E. 2012. Influence of Rootstock and Irrigation Methods on Water Use, Mineral Nutrition, Growth, Fruit Yield and Quality in Gala Apple. HortTechnology. 22 (6): 731-737.


Fallahi, E. and T. Eichert. 2013. Principles and Practices of Foliar Nutrients with Emphasis on Nitrogen and Calcium Sprays in Apple. HortTechnology. 23(5): 542-547.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Irrigation and Rootstock Influence on Water Use, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality at Harvest at Different Ages of Trees in Pacific Gala Apple. HortScience. 48:588-593.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Water Use, Mineral Nutrition, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality of Fuji and Gala Apples under Various Irrigation Systems and Rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae. 984:57-68.


Fallahi, E., D. Bakhshi, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Postharvest Fruit Quality and Growth of Pacific Gala Apple Trees at Different Ages as Influenced by Irrigation and Rootstock. International Journal of Fruit Science. 13 (4): 478-491.


Fallahi, E., K. Arzani, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Long-term leaf mineral nutrition in Pacific Gala apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) as affected by rootstock type and irrigation system during six stages of tree development. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 88 (6) 685692.


Greene, D.W., A.N. Lakso, T.L. Robinson and P. Schwallier. 2013. Development of a fruitlet growth model to predict thinner response on apples. HortScience 48:584587.


Harshman, JM and CS Walsh. 2013. Effects of the phenotype and seed parent on the size, productivity and fruit quality in second-generation seedling apple trees. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 67(3):168-174.


Hoover, E., R. Marini, E. Tepe, W. Autio, W., A. Biggs, J. Clements, R. Crassweller, D. Foster, M. Foster, P. Hirst, D. Miller, M. Parker, G. Peck, J. Racsko, T. Robinson, and M. Warmund. 2012. eApples: A case study using eXtension to increase access to research-based information HortTechnology 22:576-579.


Lang, G., E. Hanson, J. Biernbaum, D. Brainard, M. Grieshop, R. Isaacs, A. Montri, V. Morrone, and A. Schilder, D. Conner, and J. Koan. 2013. Holistic integration of organic strategies and high tunnels for Midwest/Great Lakes fruit production. Acta Hort. 1001:47-55.


Lang, G.A. 2013. Tree fruit production in high tunnels: current status and case study of sweet cherries. Acta Hort. 987:73-81.


Marini, R., W. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, Jr., R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R. Parra-Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, D. Ward and D. Wolfe, 2012. The Relationship Between Golden Delicious Fruit Weight and Crop Density at 12 Locations as Influenced by Three Dwarfing Rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society, Vol 66:4


Marini, R., W. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R. Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, and D. Wolfe. 2012. The influence of crop density on annual trunk growth of 'Golden Delicious' apple trees on three rootstocks at 11 locations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 66:183-195.


Marini, R., W. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A Parra-Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, D. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2012. Summary of the NC140 Apple Physiology Trial: the Relationship Between Golden Delicious Fruit Weight and Crop Density at 12 Locations as Influenced by Three Dwarfing Rootstocks. J. Amer. Pomological Society 66:78-90.


Marini, R., W. Autio, W., B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R. Quezada, T. Robinson, D. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return bloom on 'Golden Delicious' apple trees as affected by previous season's crop density on three rootstocks at 11 locations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 67:73-79.


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return bloom on Golden Delicious apple trees as affected by previous seasons crop density on three rootstocks at 10 locations. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67:73-79.


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, D. Wolfe. 2013. Return bloom on Golden Delicious apple trees as affected by previous seasons crop density on three rootstocks at 11 locations. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67(2):72-79.


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.R. Cowgill, Jr., R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, D.L. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return Bloom on 'Golden Delicious' Apple Trees as affected by Previous Season's Crop Density on Three Rootstocks at 11 Locations. J Am Pom Soc. (APS) 67:72-79, http://www.pubhort.org/aps/67/v67_n2_a2.htm


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.R. Cowgill, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, D. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return bloom on Golden Delicious apple trees as affected by previous seasons crop density on three rootstocks at 11 locations. J. Amer. Pomological Society. 67:72-79.


Parker, M. revised chapter by R.L. Perry and J.N. Cummins. 2013. Burrknot. In: Sutton, T.B., H.S. Aldwinckle, A.M. Agnello and J.F. Wallenbach (eds.) Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests, Second Edition. APS Press. pp. 125-126.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. Peach, Plum and Apricot Rootstocks for the 21st Century. Aspects of Applied Biology 119:59-66.


Reighard, G.L., W. Bridges, B. Rauh and N.A. Mayer. 2013. Prunus rootstocks influence peach leaf and fruit nutrient content. Acta Hort 984:117-124.


Song, G.-Q., K.C. Sink, A.E. Walworth, M.A. Cook, R.F. Allison, and G.A. Lang. 2013. Engineering cherry rootstocks with resistance to Prunus necrotic ring spot virus through RNAi-mediated silencing. Plant Biotechnology Journal doi: 10.1111 / pbi.12060.



Other Publications (Abstracts, Fact Sheets, Newsletters, Reports)


Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Parra Quezada and D. Wolfe. 2013. 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial: Gala apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14 and different strains of B.9, M.9 and M.26 rootstock: Final Progress Report. Compact Fruit Tree 46(1):23-28.


Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Quezada, and D. Wolfe. 2013. 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial: Gala apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks, final progress report. Compact Fruit Tree 46 (1):23-28.


Coneva, E., Edgar Vinson, and Jim Pitts. 2013. Peach Rootstock Cultivar Evaluation, 2012. Spring 2012 Commercial Fruit and Vegetable Variety Trials Regional Bulletin 26.


Cowgill, W and J. Clement.2013. The NC-140 web site, www.nc140.org.


Davis, A.L. 2013. Low Temperature survival of Redhaven peach floral buds on selected rootstocks.University of Missouri,Columbia. M.S. thesis.


Day, K, S. Johnson and T. M. DeJong. 2013. Evaluating Potential Peach Rootstocks in the NC-140 Trial, California Cling Peach Research Report 2013. 2 pages.


DeJong, T., S. Johnson, K. Day, R. Phene, and S. Castro. 2012. Improved rootstocks for peach and nectarine. California Cling Peach Research Report 2012. 3 pages.


Domoto, P. and Schroeder, L. 2013. Performance of Gibson Golden Delicious on Dwarfing Rootstocks. Ann. Prog. Rept.  2012 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF12-36:45-46 http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/2012%20Farm%20Reports/Hort/GibsonGoldenDelicious.pdf


Domoto, P. and Schroeder, L. 2013. Third year performance of Honeycrisp on dwarfing rootstocks. Ann. Prog. Rept.  2012 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF12-36:47-48 http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/2012%20Farm%20Reports/Hort/ThirdYearPerformanceHoneycrisp.pdf


Elkins, R. 2012 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 57-58.


Elkins, R. 2013. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear. 2012 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 57-58.


Fazio, G., H. Aldwinckle and T. Robinson. 2013. Unique characteristics of Geneva® apple rootstocks. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(3):25-28.


Geng, F., R. Moran and D. Zhang. 2013. Light quality affects microshoot growth of apple rootstocks: B.9 & G.30. HortScience 48(9):S246 (Abstr.).


Gregory Reighard, W. Bridges, Jr., D. Archbold, A. Atucha, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, E. Coneva, K. Day, M. Kushad, R. Pokharel, R.S. Johnson, T. Lindstrom, M. Parker T. Robinson, J. Schupp, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2013. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States. Acta Horticulturae Book of Abstracts.


Johnson, R.S., G.L. Reighard, T.G. Beckman, E.D. Coneva, K.R. Day, J. Fachinello, E. Fallahi, M.J. Newell, D. Ouellette, T.L. Robinson and D. Wolfe. 2013. Environmental effects on fruit ripening and average fruit weight for three peach cultivars. VIII Int. Peach Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 125.


Johnson, R.S., T.G. Beckman, E.D. Coneva, K.R. Day, E. Fallahi, M.J. Newell, G.L. Reighard, T.L. Robinson and D. Wolfe. 2013. Environmental Effects on Fruit Ripening and Average Fruit Weight for Three Peach Cultivars. Acta Horticulturae Book of Abstracts.


Johnson, S., K. Day and T. M. DeJong, 2012. Evaluating Potential Peach Rootstocks in the NC-140 Trial, California Cling Peach Research Report 2012. 2 pages.


Lang, G.A., S. Blatt, J. Grant, C. Ingels, S. Hoying, D. Neilsen, G. Neilsen and T. Robinson. 2013. The NC140 Regional Research trial: Evaluation of four innovative orchard systems x three Gisela rootstocks x multiple sites across North America. VII Int. Cherry Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 62.


Miranda Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. The split application strategy for pre-harvest fruit drop control in a super spindle apple orchard in Western NY. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):21-24.


Miranda-Sazo, M. and T. Robinson. 2013. Recent advances of mechanization for the Tall Spindle orchard system in New York State  Part 1. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(1):15-20.


Moran, R.E., F. Geng, G. Fazio and J. Cline. 2013. Genotypic variation in apple rootstock cold temperature tolerance. HortScience 48(9):S187 (Abstr.).


Reighard, G., W. Bridges, Jr., D. Archbold, A. Atucha, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, E. Coneva, K. Day, M. Kushad, R. Pokharel, R.S. Johnson, T. Lindstrom, M. Parker, T. Robinson, J. Schupp, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2013. NC-140 peach rootstock testing in 13 U.S. states. VIII Int. Peach Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 18.


Reighard, G.L. and and NC-140 Cooperators. 2013. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States. VIII th International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Robinson, T. (Ed). 2013. Precision Orchard Management. Cornell University . 146pp.


Robinson, T. 2013. High-density pear plantings for high early yields. Compact Fruit Tree 46(2):11-16.


Robinson, T. and M. Miranda Sazo. 2013. Advances in Mechanization of the Tall Spindle apple orchard system: Part 2 Harvest Mechanization Prospects. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(3):3-7.


Robinson, T., A. Lakso, and L. Dominguez. 2013. Precision irrigation management. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):17-19.


Robinson, T., A. Lakso, D. Greene and S. Hoying. 2013. Precision crop load management. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):3-9.


Robinson, T., and L. Dominguez. 2013. Production of sweet cherries under high tunnels in either the modified Spanish Bush or the Tall Spindle Systems. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):25-28.


Robinson, T., S. Hoying, M. Miranda Sazo, A. DeMaree and L. Dominguez. 2013. A vision for apple orchards systems of the future. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(3):11-16.


Robinson, T.L, S.K. Brown, G. Fazio and H.S. Aldwinckle. 2013. Introduction. In: Sutton, T.B., H.S. Aldwinckle, A.M. Agnello and J.F. Wallenbach (eds.) Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests, Second Edition. APS Press. p1-10.


Robinson, T.L. S.A. Hoying and L.I. Dominguez. 2013. Interaction of training system and rootstock on yield, fruit size, fruit quality and crop value of three sweet cherry cultivars. VII Int. Cherry Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 98.


Robinson, T.L. 2012. High-density planting systems and rootstocks for sweet cherries in the Northeast  2012 Progress Report. Compact Fruit Tree 46(1):17-22.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Preparing fresh apple, peach and pear orchards for mechanical harvesting. HortScience 48(9)Supplement:S79 (Abstr.)


Robinson, T.L. 2013. The effect of summer hedging of Tall Spindle apple trees on growth, fruit quality and flowering. HortScience 48(9)Supplement:S185 (Abstr.)


Robinson, T.L. and L.I. Dominguez. 2013. Effect of timing of caustic bloom thinning sprays during bloom on yield, fruit size and fruit quality of peach. VIII Int. Peach Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 123.


Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo and C. Kahlke. 2013. Control of internal flesh pigmentation of apples with Retain. Int. PGR Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 24.


Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo, W. Cowgill and L. Huffman. 2013. Effect of Promalin, Benzyl Adenine and Cyclanalide on lateral branching of apple trees in the nursery and the orchard. Int. PGR Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 20.


Ward, D., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2012. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002 total pages (229).


Wolfe, D. D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2012. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield. 2012 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-656:13-15. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/pr/pr656/pr656.pdf


Yoder K. and G. Peck. 2012. 2011 Progress Report to Virginia Apple Research Program; Rootstock effects on growth and yield of Gala, Fuji, and York apples. (Apr. 2012) Virginia Fruit Vol. 1, No. 76:13-14.


Articles in Trade Publications

Lang, G. 2013. Pruning for large cherries. Good Fruit Grower 64(12):14-15.


Lang, G. 2013. Consistent production with covered systems. American/Western Fruit Grower (Sept/Oct):26-27.


Presentations:

Autio, W.R. February 2013. NC-140 Regional Rootstock Research Project: Past, Present, Future. International Fruit Tree Association 56th Annual Conference. Boston, MA. Grower, professional, research, Extension, industry audience. Attendance 450.


Autio, W.R., J. Clements, and J. Krupa. February 2013. NC-140 Peach and Apple Rootstock Plantings at the University of Massachusetts Cold Spring Orchard. International Fruit Tree Association 56th Annual Conference Post-Conference Tour. Belchertown, MA. Grower, professional, research, Extension, industry audience. Attendance 100.


Beckman, T.G. and Schnabel, G. January, 2012. Update on efforts to develop an oak root rot management program . Southeastern Fruit and Vegetable Conference. Grower and research community audience. Attendance ca. 75.


Blatt, SE. 2013. Post-harvest disorders and insect damage influenced by rootstock for Honeycrisp. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Annual Convention. Greenwich, Nova Scotia. Grower and industry audience. Attendance: 240.


Blatt, SE. 2013. Rootstock performance in Honeycrisp. Nova Scotia Institute of Agrologists Field Tour. October. Attendance: 36.


Clements, Jon M., W.P. Cowgill, R. Magron, and W.R. Autio. January 2013. Ten-year Performance of Cameo® Apple Trees on Three Dwarf Rootstocks in Massachusetts and New Jersey as Part of the NC-140 Regional Rootstock Research Project. (Poster.) Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science Northeast Region, New Brunswick, NJ. Professional audience. Attendance 65.


Coneva E. Field Performance of Redhaven Peach on 14 Newly Introduced Rootstocks. Chilton Area Peach Production Annual Meeting, Clanton, AL, February 2013. Attendance 87.

Cowgill, W.P.,Jr. 2013. North Jersey Fruit Meeting, March 2012; Broadway, NJ, 62 attendees, growers


Cowgill, W.P.,Jr. 2013. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, April, 11; Rutgers Snyder Farm, Pittstown, NJ 44 attendees, growers


Cowgill, W.P.,Jr. 2013. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, May 3; Phillips Farm, Milford, NJ 66 attendees, growers


Cowgill, W.P.,Jr. 2013. North Jersey Twilight Horticultural Research Meeting, Rutgers Snyder Farm, September, 2012; sponsored by RCE and NJ NOFA  48 growers participating


Cowgill, W.P.,Jr. 2013. Performance of NC-140 apple rootstocks and recommendations for planting. IFTA, NY.


Einhorn, T. August 8, 2013. An update on pear horticultural research at MCAREC. 2013 MCAREC Annual Field day, Hood River, OR. Members of the Oregon tree fruit industry. Estimated attendance 70.


Einhorn, T. February 6, 2013. New and continuing research on improving pear production efficiency. 2013 Hood River Winter Horticulture Meeting, Hood River, OR. Members of the regional fruit industry. Estimated attendance 85.


Einhorn, T. January 23, 2013. The search for cold hardy, dwarfing, precocious, productive, pear decline resistant, fire blight tolerant, large fruit promoting, easily rooting pear rootstocks: An update. 2013 North Central Washington Pear Day, Wenatchee, WA. Members of the North Central Washington and greater regional fruit industry. Estimated attendance 200.


Einhorn, T. July 11, 2013. The Mid-Columbia pear horticulture research program. 2013 SOREC annual field day, Medford, OR. Members of the Rogue Valley tree fruit industry. Estimated attendance 25.


Einhorn, T. March 20, 2013. Improving production practices of pear and sweet cherry. Yakima Pom Club, Yakima, WA. Members of the Washington State tree fruit industry. Estimated attendance 40.


Elkins, R. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear (two presentations). 2013 Sacramento River District Pear Research Meeting, February 6, 2013; Walnut Grove, California and 2013 North Coast Pear Research Meeting, February 13, 2013, Ukiah, California. Total of attendees.


Elkins, R., Einhorn, T and Musacchi, S. October 22, 2013. The NC-140 2013 pear rootstock trials: a new approach for evaluation of rootstock performance. UCANR- Pear Orchard Systems Field Meeting, Hopland, CA. Members of the North Coast California tree fruit industry. Estimated attendance 30.


Elkins, R., T. Einhorn, S. Musacchi, B. Lampinen and T. DeJong. Pear Orchard Systems Field Meeting. October 22, 2013, Hopland, Mendocino County. 35 attendees.


Fallahi, E. and B. Shafii. March 8, 2013. Training and Growing Habit of Fuji Apple on Different Rootstocks. Idaho and Washington Fruit Grower audience. Attendance: 79.


Fallahi, E. November 2012. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Progress Report. Annual Conference of NC-140, Portland, Maine, Attendance 42.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. July 18, 2013. Research Update on Apple Rootstock. Idaho State Horticultural Society Summer Tour, Parma, ID. Grower audience. Attendance 107.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, B. Shafii. September 6, 2013. Performance of Apple Rootstocks under Intermountain West Conditions. University of Idaho Pomology Program Fruit Field Day, Growers and public audience. Attendance 980.


Grant, J. G. Lang, and C. Ingels. Chilean agricultural scientist delegation. July 15, 2013, 9 attendees.


Hoying. S.A. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. Hand Thinning for Precision Crop Load Management. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Hoying. S.A. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. Pruning for Precision Crop Load Management. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Ingels, C. and B. Kirkpatrick. Visit by UC Davis Fruit Pathology Class to discuss training systems, rootstocks, and oak root fungus. April 18, 2013, 16 attendees.


Ingels, C. and R. Elkins. UC European Pear Workgroup and pear & cherry tour, including cherry trial site. June 27, 13 attendees.


Ingels, C. US EPA and Calif. Dept. of Pesticide Regulation farm tour stop at cherry trial and pear orchard. July 11, 2013, 46 attendees.


ISU Fruit & Vegetable Field Day, Hort Res. Sta., Ames, IA NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial, 90 attendees.


Johnson, R.S., G.L. Reighard and NC-140 Cooperators. 2013. Environmental Effects on Fruit Ripening and Average Fruit Weight for Three Peach Cultivars. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Johnson, R.S., G.L. Reighard, T.G. Beckman, E.D. Coneva, K.R. Day, J. Fachinello, E. Fallahi, M.J. Newell, D. Ouellette, T.L. Robinson and D. Wolfe. 2013. Environmental Effects on Fruit Ripening and Average Fruit Weight for Three Peach Cultivars. VIII International Peach Symposium. Matera (Italy). June 17- 20, 2013.


Kahlke, C. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. Internal Bleeding of Idared Apples. Orleans County Fruit School. Feb. 4, 2013. 150 people.


Kahlke, C. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. Internal Bleeding of Idared Apples. Wayne County Fruit School. Feb. 5, 2013. 200 people.


Lang, G.A. 10 Jan 2013. Fundamentals of Sweet Cherry Production. Great Plains Growers Conference. St. Joseph, MO. Grower audience. Attendance 38.


Lang, G.A. 10 Jan 2013. Growing Fruit Trees in High Tunnels. Great Plains Growers Conference. St. Joseph, MO. Grower audience. Attendance 53.


Lang, G.A. 11 Dec 2013. Innovative and Labor Efficient Cherry Training Systems: Results So Far Across North America. Great Lakes Fruit, Vegetable, & Farm Market Expo. Grand Rapids, MI. Grower audience. Attendance 148.


Lang, G.A. 11 Jan 2013. Fundamentals of Tart Cherry Production. Great Plains Growers Conference. St. Joseph, MO. Grower audience. Attendance 48.


Lang, G.A. 11 Nov 2013. Recent Developments Sweet Cherry Training Systems, Rootstocks, and Orchard Management. SummerGreen Seminar/Workshop. Roxburgh, New Zealand. Grower audience. Attendance 31.


Lang, G.A. 12 Nov 2013. Recent Developments Sweet Cherry Training Systems, Rootstocks, and Orchard Management. SummerGreen Seminar/Workshop. Cromwell, New Zealand. Grower audience. Attendance 43.


Lang, G.A. 14 Nov 2013. Recent Developments Sweet Cherry Training Systems, Rootstocks, and Orchard Management. SummerGreen Seminar/Workshop. Blenheim, New Zealand. Grower audience. Attendance 37.


Lang, G.A. 15 Nov 2013. Recent Developments Sweet Cherry Training Systems, Rootstocks, and Orchard Management. SummerGreen Seminar/Workshop. Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. Grower audience. Attendance 52.


Lang, G.A. 17 Apr 2013. Optimizing Cherry Production: Physiology-Based Management. Haygrove Growers Conference. Canterbury, United Kingdom. Grower audience. Attendance 89.


Lang, G.A. 22 Oct 2013. Comparing the TSA, KGB, UFO, and SSA Sweet Cherry Training Systems. 2nd International Seminario on Updates and Advances in the Development of New Training Systems and Pedestrian Orchards in Chile. Curico, Chile. Grower audience. Attendance 130.


Lang, G.A. 24 Jun 2013. The NC140 Regional Research Trial: Evaluation of Four Innovative Orchards Systems x Three Gisela Rootstocks x Multiple Sites Across North America. 7th International Cherry Symposium (International Society for Horticultural Sscience). Plascencia, Spain. Scientific audience. Attendance 225.


Lang, G.A. 24 Jun 2013. Trends and Characteristics of Current, New, and Future Cherry Cultivars Around the World (Keynote Address). 7th International Cherry Sysmposium (International Society for Horticultural Sscience). Plascencia, Spain. Scientific audience. Attendance 225.


Lang, G.A. 29 Jan 2013. Current Status and Future Outlook for Growing Tart Cherries. Oregon Horticultural Society. Grower audience. Portland, OR. Attendance 39.


Lang, G.A. 29 Jan 2013. Research Results from the North American Sweet Cherry Training Systems Trial. Oregon Horticultural Society. Portland, OR. Grower audience. Attendance 33.


Lang, G.A. 3 Dec 2013. The NC140 Cherry Training System Story: A Continent-wide Trial Comparing UFO, KGB, SSA, and Tall Spindle Axe (TSA). Washington State Horticultural Association. Wenatchee, WA. Grower audience. Attendance 265.


Lang, G.A. 31 Jan 2013. Tree Fruit Crops in High Tunnels. Mid-Atlantic Fruit & Vegetable Convention. Hershey, PA. Grower audience. Attendance 177.


Lang, G.A. 6 Feb 2013. Innovations in Cherry Production Around the World. Southwest Hort Days. Benton Harbor, MI. Grower audience. Attendance 31.


Lang, G.A. and C. Kaiser. 3 Dec 2013. Managing Soil Moisture to Minimize Rain Cracking. Washington State Horticultural Association. Wenatchee, WA. Grower audience. Attendance 265.


Lang, G.A., L.E. Long, and J. Schupp. 24 Feb 2013. Cherry & Peach Pruning Demonstration. International Fruit Tree Association. Boston, MA. Grower audience. Attendance 91.


Mayer, N.A., B. Ueno and G. L. Reighard . 2013. Selection of Prunus mume as rootstocks for peaches on PTSL site. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Mayer, N.A., G. L. Reighard and W. Bridges.. 2013. Peach rootstock propagation under intermittent mist system. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Meeting. Kelowna, BC grower audience.


Miranda Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. Frost Protection Methods. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Miranda Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. Working Efficiently in the Orchard of the Future. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Moran,R. 2013. Tree Fruit Research at Highmoor Farm, Maine State Pomological Society Summer Tour, Monmouth, ME, July 31, 2013. Attended by 35 growers.


Moran, R. 2013. Update on Research at the Experiment Station, Maine Agricultural Trades Show, Augusta, ME, January 9, 2013. Attended by 60 growers.


Neilsen, D. and Neilsen, G. 7th March, 2013. OKCFGA Report - NC140 trials and Crop Load Management.


Parker, M.L. February 2013. Mikes Crystal Ball for Apple Varieties and Rootstocks for Western NC. Western District Apple School, Hendersonville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 100.


Parker, M.L. February 2013. Apple Varieties and Rootstocks for NC. Brushy Mountain Fruit School, Wilkesboro, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 40.


Parker, M.L. January 2013. Maximizing Orchard Productivity -- The Bearing Years. Southeastern Apple Growers Meeting, Asheville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 120.


Parker, M.L. January 2013. Maximizing Peach Production - Rootstock Selection. Peach Production Workshop. Sandhills Research Station, Jackson Springs, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 40.


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 16 May 2013. Breakfast Meeting for Commercial Growers. Winchester, VA. Grower audience. Attendance: 15.


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 19 Jul 2013. Alson H. Smith, Jr. AREC Field Day for Commercial Growers. Winchester, VA. Grower audience. Attendance: 55.


Pokharel, R. R., and G. L. Reighard. 2013. Evaluation of biofumigation and soil solarization on peach replant disease. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Pokharel, R. R., and G. L. Reighard. 2013. Evaluation of Rootstock Effect on Tolerance to Iron Chlorosis and Cytospora Canker in Peaches. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Pokharel, R. R., G. L. Reighard and D. Reich. 2013. Deficit irrigation for iron chlorosis did not affect fruit production and quality in peach. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. Peach rootstock cultivars and genetics. Michigan Spring Peach Update Meeting. Benton Harbor, MI. March 5, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. Technology choices for a profitable 21st Century peach farm. IFTA 56th Annual Conference. Boston,, MA. Feb. 23 to March 2, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. Emerging technologies in U.S. peach production. WCHS & VinCO Conference. Grand Junction, CO. Jan. 15-17, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. New apple rootstocks from Vineland and Geneva. Illinois Specialty Crops, Agritourism and Organic Conference. Springfield, IL. Jan. 9-11, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. New peach and apple rootstocks for the grower. WCHS & VinCO Conference. Grand Junction, CO. Jan. 15-17, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. Peach culture in the 21st century. Illinois Specialty Crops, Agritourism and Organic Conference. Springfield, IL. Jan. 9-11, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. 2013. Peach, Plum and Apricot Rootstocks for the 21st Century. East Malling Centenary Conference, Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. East Malling, UK. November 6-7, 2013.


Reighard, G.L. and NC-140 Cooperators. 2013. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.


Reighard, G.L., W. Bridges, Jr., D. Archbold, A. Atucha, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, E. Coneva, K. Day, M. Kushad, R. Pokharel, R.S. Johnson, T. Lindstrom, M. Parker, T. Robinson, J. Schupp, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2013. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States. VIII International Peach Symposium. Matera (Italy). June 17- 20, 2013.


Robinson, T.L. S.A. Hoying and L.I. Dominguez. 2013. Interaction of training system and rootstock on yield, fruit size, fruit quality and crop value of three sweet cherry cultivars. VII Int. Cherry Symposium, Placencia, Spain, June, 25, 2013. 150 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Outdoor Pruning Workshop in Orleans County NY. Feb. 19, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management of Apples. Xian, China, Extension Agents Training Meeting. Mar. 9, 2013. 400 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management of Apples. Yantai, China, Extension Agents Training Meeting. Mar. 5, 2013. 400 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Delicious Orchards with Geneva Rootstocks. Field Workshop during IFTA Spring Tour-Hudson NY. Feb. 28, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Pear Orchards. IFTA Annual Meeting-Boston, MA. Feb. 25, 2013. 300 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management of Modern High Density Apple Orchards. Xian, China, Extension Agents Training Meeting. Mar. 9, 2013. 400 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management of Modern High Density Apple Orchards. Yantai, China, Extension Agents Training Meeting. Mar. 5, 2013. 400 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management Strategies for 2013 after the Small Crop of 2012. Hudson Valley Fruit School. Feb. 12, 2013. 250 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management Strategies for 2013 after the Small Crop of 2012. Orleans County Fruit School. Feb. 4, 2013. 150 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management Strategies for 2013 after the Small Crop of 2012. Wayne County Fruit School. Feb. 5, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Maximizing Crop Value by Thinning. IFTA In-depth Workshop on Crop Load Management-Boston, MA. Feb. 23, 2013. 150 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Mechanization of High Density Apple Orchards. Xian, China, Extension Agents Training Meeting. Nov. 23, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Mechanization of High Density Apple Orchards. Yantai, China, Extension Agents Training Meeting. Nov. 19, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Crop Load Management. IFTA In-depth Workshop on Crop Load Management-Boston, MA. Feb. 23, 2013. 150 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Pruning and Training Apple Trees. Orleans County Fruit School. Feb. 4, 2013. 50 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Pruning and Training Apple Trees. Outdoor Pruning Workshop in Wayne County NY. Feb. 18, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Pruning and Training Apple Trees. Wayne County Fruit School. Feb. 5, 2013. 20 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. The Evolution Towards More Competitive Apple Orchard Systems in the USA. NC Fruit School. Feb. 6, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. The Fruiting Wall with Tall Spindle Trees. IFTA Annual Meeting-Boston, MA. Feb. 27, 2013. 300 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. A Vision for Orchards of the Future. Great Lakes Fruit Workers Meeting, Bowmanville, Ontario, Canada,. Nov. 13, 2013. 50 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. A Vision for Orchards of the Future. Idaho Horticulture Society, Nampa ID,. Nov. 3, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. A Vision for Orchards of the Future. Washington State Horticulture Association, Wenatchee WA,. Dec. 2, 2013. 400 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Controlling Biennial Bearing of Apple. Idaho Horticulture Society, Nampa ID,. Nov. 3, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management Strategies for 2013. Champlain Valley Spring Field Workshop. May 28, 2013. 40 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management Strategies for 2013. Hudson Valley Spring Field Workshop. May 21, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management Strategies for 2013. Niagara/Orleans County Spring Field Workshop. May 22, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management Strategies for 2013. Saratoga County Spring Field Workshop. May 24, 2013. 40 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Crop Load Management Strategies for 2013. Wayne County Spring Field Workshop. May 23, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Geneva rootstocks for Organic Apple Production. Stuttgart, Germany Organic Apple Conference. April. 26, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Hand Thinning of Apples with Platforms. Champlain Valley Field Workshop. July 1, 2013. 30 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Hand Thinning of Apples with Platforms. Wayne County Field Workshop. June 15, 2013. 80 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Apple Orchards of the Future. Chihuahua International Apple Symposium for Fruit Growers Conference. Nov. 15, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Apple Orchards. Beijing, China, Extension Leaders Meeting. Nov. 25, 2013. 30 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Apple Orchards. Xian, China, University Seminar at Northwest A&F University. Nov. 22, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Apples and Cherries and Rootstocks. Geneva Fruit Field Day. Aug. 1, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. High Density Apples. Michigan Fruit Field Day. Aug. 8, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management of High Density Apple Orchards. Chilean Valent Fruit Growers Conference. Sept. 10, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Management of High Density Apple Orchards. INIA Uruguay Fruit Growers Conference. Sept. 26, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Managing Honeycrisp Apples. Washington State University Honeycrisp In-depth School, Wenatchee WA,. Dec. 5, 2013. 300 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Managing the Risk of Hail and Sunburn. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Mechanization of Apple Orchards. ASOEX Chile Exporters Conference. Aug. 5, 2013. 400 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Mechanization of Pear Orchards. International Pear Symposium (Interpera), General Roca, Argentina, June 6, 2013. 250 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Chemical Thinning. Geneva Fruit Field Day. Aug. 1, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Crop load Management Workshop. Champlain Valley Spring Workshop. May 15, 2013. 30 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Crop load Management Workshop. Geneva Workshop. May 9, 2013. 50 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Crop Load Management. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Crop load Management. University of Chile Fruit Growers Conference. Sept. 11, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Crop load Management. University of Chile Fruit Growers Conference. Sept. 13, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Harvest Management. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 16, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Nutrient Management. Orleans County Field Workshop. April 15, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Precision Orchard Management. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Preparing fresh apple, peach and pear orchards for mechanical harvesting. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science, Palm Desert, CA July 23, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Pruning and Training Apple Trees. Champlain Valley Spring Field Workshop. April 9, 2013. 40 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Summer Pruning with Machines. Champlain Valley Field Workshop. July 11, 2013. 30 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. Summer Pruning with Machines. Geneva Fruit Field Day. Aug. 1, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. 2013. The effect of summer hedging of Tall Spindle apple trees on growth, fruit quality and flowering. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science, Palm Desert, CA July 24, 2013. 50 people.


Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2013. Precision Irrigation of Apple Orchards. Hudson Valley Fruit School. Feb. 12, 2013. 250 people.


Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2013. Precision Irrigation of Apple Orchards. NY State Horticultural Expo. Jan 24, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda Sazo. 2013. Our Version of the Fruiting Wall with Tall Spindle Trees. NY State Horticultural Expo. Jan 23, 2013. 200 people.


Robinson, T.L., A.N. Lakso, and L. Dominguez. 2013. Precision Irrigation Management. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L., A.N. Lakso, D. Greene, and S. Hoying. 2013. Precision Chemical Thinning. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo and C. Kahlke. 2013. Control of internal flesh pigmentation of apples with Retain. Meeting of International Plant Growth Regulator Society, Orlando, FL. July 29, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo and P. Wafler. 2013. Harvest Mechanization: Challenges and Outlook. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo, W. Cowgill and L. Huffman. 2013. Effect of Promalin, Benzyl Adenine and Cyclanalide on lateral branching of apple trees in the nursery and the orchard Meeting of International Plant Growth Regulator Society, Orlando, FL. July 29, 2013. 100 people.


Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, M. Miranda Sazo, A. DeMarree, and L. Dominguez. 2013. Apple Orchard Systems of the Future. Cornell Fruit In-depth School 2013, Geneva, NY. Mar. 15, 2013. 220 people.


S. Johnson, K. Day and DeJong, T. NC140 field meeting. UC Kearney Agricultural Center, Parlier, May 29, 2013, 65 attendees.


Stasiak, M. 21 March 13. Apple Rootstocks and the Orchard of the Future. UW Peninsular Research Station Fruit School. Sturgeon Bay, WI. Audience commercial fruit growers, attendance 50.


Stasiak, M. 23 July 13. NC140 Rootstock Trial Tour. WAGA Summer Apple Field Day. Sturgeon Bay, WI. Audience apple growers, attendance 90.


Strang, J. 5 January 2013. Apple Rootstocks. Kentucky Fruit & Vegetable Growers Conference, Lexington, KY. grower audience. attendance 50.


Wolfe, D. 27 June 2013. Apple and peach rootstock trials in Kentucky. UKREC Horticulture Field Day. homeowner / grower audience. attendance 20.

01/06/2015

Books

Ayala, M., J.P. Zoffoli, and G.A. Lang. 2014. Proceedings of the 6th International Cherry Symposium. Acta Hort. 1020 (536 pages).


Ward, D., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2014. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002. 229 pp.


Refereed Journal Articles


Arrington, M., Kerman, A., Pasa, M., and Einhorn, T. 2014. Root pruning reduces vigor in high-density ‘d’Anjou’ pear orchards. HortScience 49 (9) S158-159.


Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Quezada, and D. Wolfe. 2013. 'Gala' apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 Rootstocks: Final 10-year report on the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootsotck Trial. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 67:62-71.


Duyvelshoff, C. and J. A. Cline. 2013. Ethephon and Prohexadione-Calcium Influence the Flowering, Early Yield, and Vegetative Growth of Young ‘Northern Spy’ Apple Trees. Scientia Horticulturae 151:128-134.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Irrigation and Rootstock Influence on Water Use, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality at Harvest at Different Ages of Trees in ‘Pacific Gala’ Apple. HortScience. 48:588-593.


Fallahi, E. and T. Eichert. 2013. Principles and Practices of Foliar Nutrients with Emphasis on Nitrogen and Calcium Sprays in Apple. HortTechnology. 23(5): 542-547.


Fallahi, E., K. Arzani, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Long-term leaf mineral nutrition in ‘Pacific Gala’ apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) as affected by rootstock type and irrigation system during six stages of tree development. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 88 (6) 685–692.


Fallahi, E., D. Bakhshi, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Postharvest Fruit Quality and Growth of ‘Pacific Gala’ Apple Trees at Different Ages as Influenced by Irrigation and Rootstock. International Journal of Fruit Science. 13 (4): 478-491.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Water Use, Mineral Nutrition, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality of ‘Fuji’ and ‘Gala’ Apples under Various Irrigation Systems and Rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae. 984:57-68.


Fazio, G., Y. Wan, D. Kviklys, L. Romero, R. Adams, D. Strickland and T. Robinson. 2014. Dw2 a New Dwarfing Locus in Apple Rootstocks and its Relationship to Induction of Early Bearing in Apple Scions. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 139 (2):87-98.



Frett, T. J., G. L. Reighard, W. R. Okie and K. Gasic. 2014. Mapping quantitative trait loci associated with blush in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch]. Tree Genetics & Genomes 10:367-381.



Kviklys, D., Robinson, T.L. and Fazio, G. 2014. Apple rootstock evaluation for apple replant disease. International Horticulture Congress. Brisbane Australia.


Lang, G.A., G.-Q. Song, K.D. Sink, A.E. Walworth, M.A. Cook, and R.F. Allison. 2014. Transgenic gene silencing confers increased resistance to Prunus necrotic ringspot virus in cherry rootstocks. Acta Hort. in press.


Lang. G.A. 2014. Growing sweet cherries under plastic covers and tunnels: physiological aspects and practical considerations. Acta Hort. 1020:303-312.


Lang, G.A., S. Blatt, C. Embree, J. Grant, S. Hoying, C. Ingels, D. Neilsen, G. Neilsen and T. Robinson. 2014. Developing and evaluating intensive sweet cherry orchard systems: The NC140 regional research trial. Acta Hort. 1058:113-120.


Lang, G., Blatt, S., Grant, J., Hoying, S., Ingels, C., Neilsen, D., Neilsen, G., and Robinson, T. 2014. Innovative high-density sweet cherry training systems: Five years of comparative trials across North America. International Horticulture Congress. Brisbane, Australia. Acta Hort. In press.


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.R. Cowgill, Jr., R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, D.L. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return Bloom on 'Golden Delicious' Apple Trees as affected by Previous Season's Crop Density on Three Rootstocks at 11 Locations. J. Amer. Pomology Society 67:72-79.


Marini, R., Black, B., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Hampson, C., Moran, R., Robinson, T., Staskiak, M., and Wolfe, D. 2014. Performance of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple on 23 rootstocks at eight locations: a ten-year summary of the 2003 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 68(2):54-68.


Marini, R.P., B. Black, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, and D. Wolfe. 2014. Performance of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple on 23 rootstocks at 8 locations: a ten-year summary of the 2003 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 68:54-68.


Moran, R.E. 2014. Growth and yield of 'Honeycrisp' apple trees with preplant inoculation with mycorrhizae and soil-incorporated compost. J. of the Amer. Pomological Society 68(1): 2-13.


Neilsen, G. and Hampson, C. 2014. ‘Honeycrisp’ apple leaf and fruit nutrient concentration is affected by rootstock during establishment. Journal of the American Pomological Society 68(4): 178-189.


Racsko, J., P. Francescatto, R. Fritts, J. Lopez, P. Petracek, G. Clarke, M. Dussi, A. Kaszas, T. Meulia, and D. Miller. Aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) delays flower senescence and increases fruit set and yield in sweet cherry. Accepted for publication – HortSci (In Press).


Reighard, G.L. 2014. Peach Genomics. International Innovation:Ideas in Bloom. Vol. 135:61.


Reighard, G.L. 2014. Breeding in the Brawn. International Innovation:Ideas in Bloom. Vol. 135:62-63.


Robinson, T.L. and L.I. Dominguez. 2014. Comparison of the Modified Spanish Bush and the Tall Spindle cherry production systems. Acta Hort. 1058:45-53.


Robinson, T. and S. Hoying. 2014. Training system and rootstock affect yield, fruit size, fruit quality and crop value of sweet cherry. Acta Hort. 1020:453-462.


Robinson, T., G. Bujdoso and G. Reginato. 2014. Influence of pruning severity on fruit size of ‘Sweetheart’, ‘Lapins’ and ‘Hedelfingen’ sweet cherry grown on Gisela rootstocks. Acta Hort. 1020:441-451.


Robinson, T.L., G. Fazio and H.S. Aldwinckle. 2014. Characteristics and performance of four new apple rootstock from the Cornell-USDA apple rootstock-breeding program. Acta Hort. 1058:651-656.


Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, M. Miranda-Sazo, L.Dominguez and J.C. Fachinello. 2014. Yield, fruit quality and mechanization of the tall spindle apple production system. Acta Hort. 1058:95-103.


San, B., Z. Li, Q. Hu, G.L. Reighard and H. Luo. 2014. Adventitious shoot regeneration from in vitro cultured explants of peach rootstock Guardian™ is significantly enhanced by silver thiosulfate. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture Vol. 119 (1) October 2014. DOI 10.1007/s11240-014-0645-7. 9 p.


Sauerteig, K. A. and J.A. Cline. 2013. Mechanical blossom thinning of ‘Allstar’ peaches influences yield and quality. Scientia Horticulturae 160:243-250.


Schupp, J.R. and T.M. Kon. 2014. Mechanical blossom thinning of ‘GoldRush’ / M.9 apple trees with two string types and two timings. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 68:24-32.


Zhao, Z., P. H. Heinemann, J. Liu, J. R. Schupp and T. A. Baugher. 2014. Design, fabrication and testing of a low-cost apple harvest-assist device. ASABE paper no. 141839738. Amer. Soc. Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 13 pp.


Zhebentyayeva, T. N., S. Fan, A. Chandra, D. G. Bielenberg, G. L. Reighard, W. R.Okie and A. G. Abbott. 2014. Dissection of chilling requirement and bloom date QTLs in peach using a whole genome sequencing of sibling trees from an F2 mapping population. Tree Genetics & Genomes 10:35-51.


Symposium Proceedings


Fazio, G. and T. Robinson. 2014. Relationship of apple rootstock dwarfing loci (Dw1, Dw2) with scion leaf and fruit nutrient status. International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production: Program and Abstracts. p.51-52.


Marini, R.P., W. Autio, R. Crassweller, R. Moran, T. Robinson, J. Cline, D. Wolfe and R. Parra-Quezada. 2014. The interactive effects of early season temperatures, crop density and rootstock on average fruit weight of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple. International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production: Program and Abstracts. p.40.


Neumüller, M., Dittrich, F., Reindl, M., Siemonsmeier, A., Hadersdorfer, J., Treutter, D., and Einhorn, T. 2014. Amelanchier selections as fully dwarfing and winter hardy pear rootstocks with high tolerance to iron chlorosis. ISHS 12th International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, July 14-18, 2014.


Robinson, T.L. 2014. Can We Manage Light Interception Levels Above 75% in Apple Orchards? International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production: Program and Abstracts. p.29-30.


Robinson, T.L. and L. Dominguez. 2014 Yield and Profitability of High Density Pear Production with Pyrus Rootstocks. 12th International Pear Symposium 2014 Program and Abstracts. p 60-61.


Robinson, T.L., S. Blatt, and C. Embree. 2014. Performance of Pyrus Rootstocks in Eastern North America. 12th International Pear Symposium 2014 Program and Abstracts. p 50.


Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, M. Miranda Sazo and M. Fargione. 2014. Performance of Geneva Rootstocks Trained to 4 Production Systems with 2 Initial Tree Types. HortScience 49(9)Supplement:S185 (Abstr.)


Thompson, A. and G. Peck. 2014. Does Rootstock and Fertilizer Choice Affect Apple Orchard Productivity and Soil Community Ecology? HortScience In Press. (abstr.).


Tiago, M., Rufato, A., Rufato, A., Kretzschmar, A., Robinson, T.L. and Sander, G. 2014. New rootstocks for apple orchards in southern Brazil conditions: Results for the first 2 years of evaluation. International Horticulture Congress. Brisbane, Australia.


Poster Presentations


Elkins, R.B., Parra-Quezada, R., Robinson, T.L., Einhorn, T., and Castagnoli, S. 2014. Evaluation of Pyrus rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity. ISHS 12th International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, July 14-18, 2014. Role: Coauthor [Poster] Abstr. p.51.


Popular Articles


Autio, W., Winfred P. Cowgill, Jr., J.Clements, R.Magron, J.Krupa S.Figler, 2013. Third-leaf Results from the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Horticultural News, vol 93, No. 3, 7-8.


Baugher, T. A., C. Lara, J. Schupp and H. E. Winzeler. 2014. Competitive orchard systems and technologies. PA Fruit News 94 (2): 23.


Baugher, T., J. Schupp, C. Lara and C. Watkins. 2014 Cropload and fruit nutrient studies in commercial Honeycrisp orchards to determine best practices for minimizing bitter pit. PA Fruit News 94(1): 37-40.


Cline, J. A. and K. Carter. Performance of Size Controlling Peach Rootstocks for the Ontario Tender fruit industry. Interim report to the Niagara Peninsula Fruit and Vegetable Growers’ Association. November 2013. 5 p.


Cline, J., 2014. Rootstock Performance when Growing 'Honeycrisp'. Newsletters.
Cline, J. A. and J. Zandstra. 2014. Rootstock Performance when Growing ‘Honeycrisp’. Orchard Network 18(1):2-3.


Cline, J., 2013. A Brief Summary of Selected Apple Research Projects Supported by the OAG and/or OMAFRA at the University of Guelph, Simcoe. Orchard Network 17(4):2-3


Cowgill, W. Rutgers Fruit Focus Newsletter- 10 issues in 2014 Crassweller, R., D. Smith, J. Schupp, E. Winzeler & M. Schupp. 2014. Rootstock Research Update, 2013. PA Fruit News 94(1):59-63


Crassweller, R., D. Smith. 2014. Second Generation Apple Training System Trials – 2014. PA Fruit News 94(1): 64 – 67.


Elkins, R. 2014. Improving economic and environmental sustainability in California pear production through changes in rootstock use: the NC-140 Regional Rootstock Project. 2013 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 101-113.


Elkins, R. 2014. Evaluation of 1- to 2-year-old ‘Bartlett’ pear trees on three selections of Old Home x Farmingdale rootstocks. 2013 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 115-119.


Elkins, R. 2014. Evaluation of the effect of Amelanchier sp. and Quince Eline as rootstocks on 1- to 2-year-old European pear trees. 2013 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 121-132.State Report Template NC 140.


Lang, G. 2014. Considerations for high tunnel sweet cherries. American/Western Fruit Grower 134(9/10):48-49.


Lang, G. 2014. Avoiding cherry fruit cracking is a balancing act. American/Western Fruit Grower134(5):52-53.


Miranda Sazo, M. and T. Robinson. 2014. Fill the Space and Get the Most of NY1 and NY2 Trees this Season Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2014(9):1-2.


Moran, R., F. Geng, G. Fazio and J. Cline. 2014. Identifying Cold Hardy and Tender Rootstocks. Compact Fruit Tree 47(1):21-22.


Parker, M.L. 2014. How Do Newer Dwarfing Rootstocks Perform in NC? Southeastern Apple Growers Meeting Proceedings. pp. 43-46.


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 2014. 2013 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Rootstock Effects on Growth and Yield of Gala, Fuji, and York apples. Virginia Fruit 85(1):13-15 (Apr 2014).


Peck, G. and A. Thompson. 2014. 2013 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Developing regionally-specific recommendations for high-density apple plantings. Virginia Fruit 85(1):12 (Apr 2014).


Peter, K. A., N. Halbrendt and J. Schupp. 2014. Impact of summer disease management on storage rot of apple. PA Fruit News 94 (1): 18-19.


Robinson, T., G. Fazio and H. Aldwinckle. 2014. Characteristics of New Apple Rootstock from the Cornell-USDA Apple Rootstock Breeding Program. Compact Fruit Tree 47(3).


Robinson, T., S.A. Hoying, and L. Dominguez. 2014. High Density Planting Systems and Rootstocks for Sweet Cherries in the Northeast. Compact Fruit Tree 47(2):6-10.


Schupp, J., T. Kon, E. Winzeler, M. Schupp, P. Heinemann, J. Liu, Z. Zhang, T. Baugher and C. Lara. 2014. Labor Efficient apple and peach systems for profitability. PA Fruit News 94 (1): 30-35.


Warmund, M. 2014. Low temperatures injure peach floral buds. MEG Newsletter. Vol. 20. No. 2.


Other Creative Works


Hoover, E., et al. 2014. extension.org/apples


Hoover, E., et al. 2014. Commercial Fruit Extension (fruit.cfans.umn.edu)


Peck, G., C. Miles, J. King, T. Bradshaw, N. Rothwell and I. Merwin.2014. An Introduction to Hard Cider in the U.S. eXtension, http://www.extension.org/pages/70601/an-introduction-to-hard-cider-in-the- us#.U438Wibn-Ul.


Wolfe, D. D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2014. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield. Fruit and Vegetable Crops 2013 Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-673:9-11. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/PR/PR673/PR673.pdf


Scientific and Outreach Oral Presentations.


Ayala, M. and G.A. Lang. 2014. Carbon Partitioning in Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium L.) on Precocious, Productive Clonal Rootstocks, ISHS Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, Geneva, NY, Mar. 25-28.


Bittencourt, F., R. Pio, G. L. Reighard, E. A. Chagas, and M. Pasqual. 2014. In Vitro culture of immature peach embryos. ASHS Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, July 28-31, 2014.


Black, B. Fruit tree training, pruning and rootstocks, USU Extension Forestry/Arborist Lunch and Learn in- service training webinar. 30-Apr-2014 (31 participants).


Blatt, SE. 2014. Update on research in the NC-140 Honeycrisp trial. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Annual Field Tour, August. Attendance: 200


Blatt, SE. 2014. Field tour of NC-140 trials at Kentville, NS. Apple Blossom Hike and Bus Tour, May. Attendance: 60.


Blatt, SE. 2013. Rootstock performance in Honeycrisp. Nova Scotia Institute of Agrologists Field Tour. October. Attendance: 36.


Blatt, SE. 2013. Post-harvest disorders and insect damage influenced by rootstock for Honeycrisp. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Annual Convention. January, Greenwich, Nova Scotia. Grower and industry audience. Attendance: 240.


Burrell, R. and G.L. Reighard. 2014. Late dormant pruning influences split pit incidence in peach. ISHS International Symposium on Physiological Principles & Their Application to Fruit Production. Geneva, NY. March 26-28, 2014.


Butler, B. Western Maryland Twilight Meeting. August 20, 2014.
Tour of ongoing fruit tree research presented by Bryan Butler and Chris Walsh.
(About fifty persons from MD, PA, VA and WV attended)


Butler, B. Bay Area Fruit School. February 26, 2014 - Apple Rootstock Trials. Bryan Butler - Cold Winter Temperatures and Frost Protection Strategies. Michael Newell (About fifty persons attended)


Cline, J.A. 2013. Rootstocks for apple and peach in Ontario. South West Hort Expo/Essex County Associated Growers. November 20, 2013. Leamington, Ontario.


Cline, J. A. 2014. Use of Plant Bioregulators for Annual Bearing. Georgian Bay Orchard Tour. Ontario Apple Growers.


Cochran, D. August 11 ISU Fruit and Vegetable Field Day, Hort. Station; NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial; 90 attendees


Coneva, E. 2014. Peach Rootstock Evaluation. Chilton Area Peach Production Meeting. Clanton, January 27, 2014.


Coneva, E., G. L. Reighard, and J. Pitts. 2014. Peach Rootstock Cultivar Trial in Alabama. Southern Region American Society of Horticultural Science Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, January 31 - February 2, 2014.


Coneva, E. 2014. New production Technologies in Fruit Crops. Alabama Farmers Federation Organizational Meeting, Montgomery, February 5, 2014.


Coneva, E. 2014. Fruit Crops Research Update. Alabama Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association Annual Meeting, Auburn, February 7-8, 2014.


Coneva, E. 2014 Home and Wildlife Expo, Chilton REC, AL. “NC-140 Tree Fruit Trial Demonstration.” (Attendance 1500+), August 2, 2014.


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2014. Asian Pear Cultivar Evaluation. SE Professional Fruit Workers Conference, Clemson, SC, Sept. 15-17.


Coneva, E. 2014. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Alabama Wineries and Grape Growers Association Boot Camp, Chilton REC, October 18.


Coneva, E. 2014. NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Alabama Wineries and Grape Growers Association Boot Camp, Chilton REC, October 18.


Coneva, E. 2014. NC-140 Asian Pear Trial. Alabama Wineries and Grape Growers Association Boot Camp, Chilton REC, October 18.


Cowgill, W. North Jersey Fruit Meeting, March 2014; Broadway, NJ, 67 growers


Cowgill, W. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, April, 08; Rutgers Snyder Farm, Pittstown, NJ
46 growers


Cowgill, W. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, June 10; Donaldsons Farm, Hackettstown, NJ 68 –


Cowgill, W. South Jersey Twilight- DeEugio's Glassboro, NJ 42 growers


Cowgill, W. North Jersey Twilight Horticultural Research Meeting, Rutgers Snyder Farm, September, 2014– 48 growers


Einhorn, T. 2014. Improving pear fruit quality and orchard efficiency. Western Colorado Horticulture Society’s 2014 Annual Conference, Grand Junction, CO, January 15, 2014. Oral presentation to ~75 members of the Western Colorado fruit industry.


Einhorn, T. 2014. Practical research objectives to improve pear profitability. 2014 Hood River Winter Horticulture Meeting, Hood River, OR, February 7, 2014. Oral presentation to members of the regional fruit industry. Meeting hosted by Steve Castagnoli, Hood River County Extension.


Einhorn, T. 2014. Improving pear fruit quality, production efficiency and grower profitability. DEPI, Tatura Research Center, Victoria, Australia. March 13, 2014 Role: Presenter [Oral].


Einhorn, T. 2014. High-density Pear Plantings. 2014 PNW CSF Tour, Hood River, OR, June 23, 2014. Oral presentation and tour of research plots at MCAREC to international tree-fruit audience. Tour hosted by Mauricio Frias, Private consultant- CSF.


Einhorn, T., Arrington, M., Pasa, M., and Kerman, A. 2014. Root pruning reduced vegetative growth of ‘d’Anjou’ pear trees, but did not consistently improve productivity. ISHS 12th International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, July 14-18, 2014. Role: Author and presenter [Oral].


Einhorn, T. 2014. MCAREC Field Day- Pear horticultural research. Hood River, OR, July 30, 2014. Oral presentation of my research results to members of the Oregon tree fruit industry. Meeting hosted by MCAREC.


Einhorn, T. 2014. Cultivars, Training Systems and Horticultural Research to improve Pear. Home Orchard Society/North American Fruit Explorers/California Rare Fruit Growers 2014 Conference. Hood River, OR, August 7, 2014. Oral presentation and tour of research plots at MCAREC to members of the Home Orchard Society, North American Fruit Explorers, and California Rare Fruit Growers. Meeting hosted by Joseph Postman (USDA-NCGR).


Einhorn, T. 2014. New rootstocks with potential for pear culture. 5th Technical Meeting of Pear Culture, Lages (SC), Brazil. November 5, 2014 Role: Presenter [Oral].


Einhorn, T. 2014. Practical strategies to improve management and profitability of pear orchards. Washington State Horticultural Association’s 110th Annual Meeting, Wenatchee, WA, December 2, 2014. Oral presentation to members of the Pacific Northwest fruit industry.


Elkins, R., B. Lampinen and T. DeJong. Pear Orchard Systems “Open House”. October 30,
2014, Hopland, Mendocino County, California.


Elkins, R., R. Parra-Quezada, T.L. Robinson, T.C. Einhorn and S. Castagnoli. 2014. Evaluation
of Pyrus rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity. ISHS XIIth International
Pear Symposium, July 14-18, 2014, Leuven, Belgium (abstract and poster presentation).


Elkins, R. Rootstock vigor in relationship to mid-day stem water potential. UCCE Pear Variety
Field Meeting, June 30, 2014, Walnut Grove, California (hosted by Chuck Ingels).


Elkins, R. Rootstocks and orchard systems for pear. Pomology Extension Continuing Conference
(PECC), March 20, 2014, Davis, California.


Elkins, R. Rootstocks and orchard systems for European pear (two presentations). 2014
Sacramento River District Pear Research Meeting, February 4, 2014, Walnut Grove, California
and 2014 North Coast Pear Research Meeting, February 11, 2014, Lakeport, California.


Elkins, R. Pear production in the Western states; status, challenges, and trends. Mid-Atlantic
Fruit and Vegetable Growers Convention, January 28, 2014, Hershey, Pennsylvania (via Skype).


Fallahi, E. November,5-6, 2013. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Report, Annual Conference of the Idaho State Horticultural Society, Nampa, Idaho, Idaho; Attendance 110.


Fallahi, E. November,7-8, 2013. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Progress Report. Annual
Conference of NC-140, Meridian, Idaho Attendance 41.


Fallahi, E. March 10, 2014. Training apples on different rootstocks. Idaho Apple growers
March Tour, 56 in attendance.


Fallahi, E. July 20, 2014. Research Update on Apple Rootstock. Idaho State Horticultural
Society Summer Tour, Sunny Slope, Idaho. Grower audience. Attendance 97.5.


Fallahi, E. September 5, 2014. Performance of Apple Rootstocks under Intermountain West Conditions. University of Idaho Pomology Program Fruit Field Day, Growers and public audience. Attendance 1050.


Gasic, K., R. Quick, A. Abdelghafar, T. Frett, B. Rauh, and G. Reighard. 2014. Marker assisted breeding for red skin coloration in peach. Plant & Animal Genome XXII. San Diego, CA. Jan. 11-15, 2014.


Hampson, C. Journée Pomicole. Dec. 2013. Industry meeting for Quebec apple growers. Invited presentation on apple rootstock trial results from British Columbia. Approx. 60 attendees.


Hampson, C. International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association, post-conference tour. Feb. 2014. Approx. 100 attendees. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial (Honeycrisp scion).


Hampson, C. Sweet Cherry Training and Systems Trial Approx. 100 attendees. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial (Honeycrisp scion).


Hampson, C. BC Tree Fruits Cooperative. May 2014. Bloom-time meeting and field trip. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial (Honeycrisp scion). Approx. 40 attendees.


Hanson, E. and G. Lang. 2014. Organic Raspberry and Cherry Production, MSU Organic High Tunnel Field Day, East Lansing, MI, July 16.


Lang, G., T. Wilkinson, and L. Sage. 2014. NC140 Cherry Canopy Training Systems x
Rootstocks Trial: Five-Year Update, Great Lakes Fruit Workers annual conference, Traverse
City, MI, Nov. 2-5.


Lang, G., T. Wilkinson, and L. Sage. 2014. Fruiting Wall Training Systems and High Tunnels for Stone Fruit Production, Great Lakes Fruit Workers annual conference, Traverse City, MI, Nov. 2-5.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Holistic Integration of Organic Strategies and High Tunnels for
Midwest/Great Lakes Fruit Production, USDA-OREI Project Directors meeting, Washington, DC, October 21-22.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Intensive Orchard Systems for High Quality, High Efficiency Sweet Cherry Production, European Cherry COST Project Meeting, Bordeaux, France, Oct. 13-15.


Lang, G., S. Blatt, J. Grant, S. Hoying, C. Ingels, D. Neilsen, G. Neilsen, and T. Robinson. 2014. Innovative High Density Sweet Cherry Training Systems: Five Years of Comparative Trials Across North America, International Horticultural Congress Symposium on Physiology of Perennial Fruit Crops & Production Systems, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 17-22.


Lang, G.A., L. Sage, and T. Wilkinson. 2014. Ten Years of Studies on Systems to Modify the Sweet Cherry Production Environment: Retractable Roofs, High Tunnels, and RainShelters, International Horticultural Congress Symposium on Physiology of Perennial Fruit Crops & Production Systems, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 17-22.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Two Decades of Physiology-based Innovations in Sweet Cherry Production, ISHS Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, Geneva, NY, Mar. 25-28.


Lang, G.A. 2014. How to Produce Cherry Fruit of Superior Size, III Seminario Internacional Cerezas: Innovacion, Mercados y Avances en la Produccion, Curico, Chile, Oct. 28-29.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Avances Fisiologicos y Productivos del Cerezo en lan Ultima Decada,
Avances en la Produccion y Poscoecha de cerezas para Los Desafios Comerciales Futuros
seminario, Santiago, Chile, Oct 2-3.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Protected Fruit Cropping Systems – World Trends, International
Horticultural Congress’ Grower and Industry Breakfast, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 17-22.


Lang, G.A., M. Miranda-Sazo, and T. Robinson. 2014. Protecting Sweet Cherries From Rain:
Voen and Other Systems, Lake Ontario Fruit Tour, Cornell Extension, Medina, NY, July 24.


Lang, G. 2014. High Density Training Systems and Protected Production of Sweet Cherries
and Stone Fruits, MSU Clarksville Research Center Field Day, Clarksville, MI, July 10.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Covered Cherry Production: Impose Your Own Climate Change,
Summerfruit New Zealand annual conference and workshop, Cromwell, New Zealand, June 4-6.


Lang, G. 2014. Pruning High Density Sweet Cherries, MSUE Cherry Crop Load Management
& Pruning workshop, Traverse City, MI, Apr. 9.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Revolutionary Orchard Systems: Improving Sweet Cherry Production
quality, Consistency, and Efficiency, Norton-Folgate international cherry producers and
marketers conference, Cervinia, Italy, Mar. 30-Apr. 2.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Cherry Orchard Management: Integrated Techniques for Green Markets,
Environmental Sustainability in Cherry workshop, Talca, Chile, Mar. 13-14.


Lang, G.A. 2014. What Have We Learned (Sometimes the Hard Way) in Choosing What,
Where, and How to Plant, International Fruit Tree Association Intensive Cherry Short course,
Kelowna, British Columbia, Feb. 22-23.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Cherry Rootstocks Update, International Fruit Tree Association annual
conference, Kelowna, British Columbia, Feb. 24-26.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Advances in Covered Sweet Cherry Production, New York Fruit &
Vegetable Expo, Syracuse, NY, Jan. 23-24.


Lang, G.A. 2014. Fresh Market Sweet Cherry Production: Options and Opportunities, Ohio
Produce Growers and Marketers Association, Sandusky, OH, Jan. 21-22.


Lavely, E.K., J. Zhang, R.P. Marini, R. Crassweller, and D.M. Eissenstat. 2014. Effect of crop load and nitrogen source on apple root growth. Poster presented at the International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, March 27, 2014, Geneva, NY.


Marini, R.P., W. A., R. Crassweller, R. Moran, T. Robinson, J. Cline, D. Wolfe, and R. Parra Quezada. 2014. The Interactive Effects of Early Season Temperatures, Crop Density and Rootstock on Average Fruit Weight of ‘Golden Delicious’ Apple. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, March 27, 2014, Geneva, NY.


Miller, D. NC-140 apple rootstock plantings at Unit 2, OARDC, Wooster. Talk and tour given to OARDC Advisory Committee. 30 in attendance. 6/6/2014.


Moran, R. 2104. Maine Agricultural Trades Show Pomological Meeting. Research Update, attended by 40 apple growers.


Neilsen, D. International Horticultural Congress, Plant Physiology Symposium. Brisbane, Australia. August, 2014. Oral presentation ‘Dwarfing rootstocks and training systems affect initial growth, cropping and nutrition in ‘Skeena‘ sweet cherry’. Co-authors: Dr. G. Neilsen, Dr. T. Forge and Dr. G. Lang. Approx. 200 participants.


Neilsen, D. International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association, pre-conference cherry day. Kelowna, BC. Feb 22nd, 2014. Approx. 150 attendees. Oral presentation ‘NC140: Improving economic and environmental sustainability in tree fruit production through changes in rootstock use’. Co-authors: Dr. G. Neilsen and Dr. T. Forge.


Neilsen, G. and T. Forge. International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association, post-conference tour. Feb. 2014. Approx. 100 attendees. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 sweet cherry training system x rootstock trial (Skeena scion).


Newell, M. Bay Area Fruit School. February 26, 2014 - Apple Rootstock Trials. Bryan Butler - Cold Winter Temperatures and Frost Protection Strategies. Michael Newell (About fifty persons attended)


Parker, M.L. January 2014. How Do Newer Dwarfing Rootstocks Perform in NC?. Southeastern Apple
Growers Meeting, Asheville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 120.


Parker, M.L. January 2014. Peach Production Workshop with an emphasis on peach rootstocks and subsequent management. Attendance 50.


Parker, M.L. January 2014. North Carolina Peach Growers Society. Carthage, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 80.


Parker, M.L. February 2014. Matching Your Apple Varieties & Rootstocks to Your Training System. Western District Apple School, Hendersonville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 110.


Parker, M.L. February 2014. Apple Varieties, Rootstocks and Training Systems for NC. Brushy
Mountain Fruit School, Wilkesboro, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 40.


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 10 Apr 2014. Breakfast Meeting for Commercial Growers: Tour of the VARP- Funded Rootstock Planting. Winchester, VA. Grower audience. Attendance: 22.


Peck, G. 27 Aug 2014. Virginia Agricultural Council: Tour of the Horticulture Planting and and Future TmRSV-Susceptibility Test Site. Winchester, VA. Grower audience. Attendance: 18.


Peck, G. 6-7 Nov 2014. Hard Cider Production Short Course: From Tree to Bottle. Influence of Orchard Design and Management on Cider Apples: Site Selection, Rootstocks, Cultivars, Training Systems, and Yields. Blacksburg, VA. Producer audience. Attendance: 38.


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 16 Aug 2014. Open House at the Alson H. Smith, Jr. AREC: Tour of the Horticulture Plantings. Winchester, VA. General public. Attendance: 50.


Reighard, G.L. 2014. Six-year performance and survival of Redhaven on 18 Prunus rootstocks in South Carolina. Southeastern Professional Fruit Workers Conference, Clemson, SC. Sept. 15-17, 2014.


Reighard, G.L., N.A. Mayer, W. Bridges, Jr. and M. Glenn. 2014. Carbon to nitrogen ration in peach bark and incidence of bacterial canker. 29th IHC, Brisbane, Australia, August 17-22, 2014.


Reighard, G.L. and D.R. Ouellette. 2014. Rootstock testing of Prunus species hybrids for peach in South Carolina. ASHS Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, July 28-31, 2014.


Reighard, G.L, L.M. Kenealy, B. Rauh, and W. Bridges, Jr. 2014. Predicting fruit maturity dates for South Carolina peach cultivars. SR-ASHS, Dallas, TX. Jan. 31– Feb. 2, 2014.


Schupp, J. 2014. Peach Training Systems. New England Vegetable and Fruit Conference, Manchester, NH, 17 Dec 2013


Schupp, J. 2014. Performance of Peach Training Systems in the Mid-Atlantic (Ernie Christ Memorial Lecture). Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA, 29 Jan 2014.


Schupp, J. 2014. On-Farm Peach Rootstock Research. Franklin County Twilight Mtg., Mickey Orchards, Chambersburg, PA, 8 May 2014


Schupp, J. Nursery Defoliation with Combinations of CuEDTA, Urea, Oil, ABA, and ACC. Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center Plant Protection Field Day, Biglerville, PA, 11 Sept 2014.


Stasiak, M. 2014. Apple Rootstock Update. 2014 Wisconsin Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Conference. Audience commercial apple growers, attendance 800.


Wallis, A. Western Maryland Regional Fruit Meeting. February 20, 2014. Preliminary Results from the Gala, Pink Lady Geneva Rootstock Trial at WMREC - Anna Wallis and Bryan Butler
(About sixty persons attended)


Walsh, C.S. Field performance of Asian pear trees in the hot, humid summer conditions of the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium. July 15, 2014.


Wolfe, D. 19 June 2014. Apple and peach rootstock trials in Kentucky. UKREC Horticulture Field Day. homeowner /grower audience. attendance 20.



Please see attached publications file for latest external funding leveraged by NC140 for 2013/2014.

01/19/2016

 


2014-15 Published Written Works


Books


 


Ayala, M., J.P. Zoffoli, and G.A. Lang. 2014.  Proceedings of the 6th International Cherry Symposium. Acta Hort. 1020 (536 pages).


 


Long, L., G. Lang, S. Musacchi, and M. Whiting. 2015. PNW 667 cherry training systems.


Pacific Northwest Ext. Publ. 667:50–56.


 


Ward, D., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2014. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002. 229 pp.


 


Refereed Journal Articles


Bielenberg, D.L., B. Rauh, S. Fan, K. Gasic, A.G. Abbott, G.L. Reighard, W.R. Okie and C.E. Wells.  2015.  Genotyping by sequencing for SNP-based linkage map construction and QTL analysis of chilling requirement and bloom date in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch]. PLoS ONE, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0139406.


Butler, B, A Wallis, CS Walsh, E Snyder and T von Thun.  2014.  High-density orchard systems for Maryland; Field testing advanced selections from the Geneva apple rootstock breeding program.  Horticulture Technology Newsletter.  December, 2014: 11-12. 


Duyvelshoff, C. and J. A. Cline. 2013. Ethephon and Prohexadione-Calcium Influence the Flowering, Early Yield, and Vegetative Growth of Young ‘Northern Spy’ Apple Trees. Scientia Horticulturae 151:128-134.


Fallahi, E., C. Rom, B. Fallahi, and Sh. Mahdavi. 2015. Leaf and Fruit Mineral Nutrient Partitioning Influenced by Various Irrigation Systems in‘Fuji’ Apple over Four Years. Journal of the American Pomological Society 69(3): 137-147.


Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, B. Shafii, and Z. Zamani. 2014. Long-term Yield and Harvest Time Fruit Quality Attributes in Various ‘Fuji’ Apple Strains. Hortscience. 49(3):281-284.


Fallahi, E., B.Fallahi, and B.Shafii. 2014. A Long-time Assessment of Yield and Harvest Quality Attributes Among Five Strains of ‘Fuji’ Apples. European Journal of Horticultural Science. 79(4): 212-217.


Gasic, K., Reighard, G. L., J. Windham and M. Ognjanov. 2015.  Relationship between fruit maturity at harvest and fruit quality in peach.  Acta Hort 1084(2):643-648.


Gasic, K., G. Reighard, W. Okie, J. Clark, T. Gradziel, D. Byrne, C. Peace, T. Stegmaier, U. Rosyara and A. Iezzoni.  2015.  Bacterial spot resistance in peach: functional allele distribution in breeding germplasm.  Acta Hort 1084(1):69-74.


Johnson, R.S., G.L. Reighard, T.G. Beckman, E.D. Coneva, K.R. Day, E. Fallahi, M.J. Newall, T.L. Robinson and D. Wolfe.  2015.  Environmental Effects on Fruit Ripening and Average Fruit Weight for Three Peach Cultivars. Acta Hort 1084(1):453-458.


Kenealy, L., G. Reighard, B. Rauh, and W. Bridges, Jr.  2015. Predicting Peach Maturity Dates in South Carolina with a Growing Degree Day Model.  Acta Hort 1084(2):749-752.


Kon, T.M., and J.R. Schupp. 2015. Pollen tube growth in apple: A Review. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 69(3):158-163.


Mayer, N.A., G. L. Reighard and W. Bridges..  2015.  Peach rootstock propagation under intermittent mist system.  Acta Hort 1084(1):53-62.


Mayer, N.A., B. Ueno and G. L. Reighard .  2015.  Selection of Prunus mume as rootstocks for peaches on PTSL site.  Acta Hort 1084(1):89-96.


Pokharel, R. R., and G. L. Reighard.  2015.  Evaluation of Rootstock Effect on Tolerance to Iron Chlorosis and Cytospora Canker in Peaches. Acta Hort 1084(1):159-164.


Pokharel, R. R., G. L. Reighard and D. Reich.  2015.  Deficit irrigation for iron chlorosis did not affect fruit production and quality in peach.  Acta Hort 1084(1):409-414.


Pokharel, R. R., and G. L. Reighard.  2015.  Evaluation of biofumigation and soil solarization on peach replant disease.  Acta Hort 1084(2):577-584.


Reighard, G., Bridges, Jr., W., Archbold, D., Wolfe, D., Atucha, A., Pokharel, R., Autio, W., Beckman, T., Black, B., Lindstrom, T., Coneva, E., Day, K., Johnson, R.S., Kushad, M., Parker, M., Robinson, T., Schupp, J. and Warmund, M. 2015. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in Thirteen U.S. States. Acta Horticulturae Acta Hort 1084:225-232 http://www.actahort.org/books/1084/1084_32.htm


Reighard, G.L., W. Bridges, Jr., D. Archbold, A. Atucha, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, E. Coneva, K. Day, M. Kushad, R. Pokharel, R.S. Johnson, T. Lindstrom, M. Parker, T. Robinson, J. Schupp, M. Warmund and D. Wolfe.  2015.  NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States.  Acta Hort 1084(1):225-232.


 


Reighard, G.L.  and D.R. Ouellette.  2015.  Manipulating Bloom and Harvest Dates in Peach Using a Strain of PLMVd.  Acta Hort 1084(1):221-224.


 


Reighard, G. L. and B. Rauh.  2015.  Predicting Peach Fruit Size Potential from GDD 30 Days Post-Bloom.  Acta Hort 1084(2):753-758.


 


Sauerteig, K. A. and J.A. Cline. 2013. Mechanical blossom thinning of ‘Allstar’ peaches


influences yield and quality. Scientia Horticulturae 160:243-250.


 


Zhang, Q., M. Han, C. Song, X. Song, C. Zhao, H. Liu, P.M. Hirst and D. Zhang. 2014. Optimizing planting density for production of high-quality apple nursery stock in China. N.Z. J. Crop and Hort. Sci.  43:1-11.


 


Symposium Proceedings


 


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2015. Assessment of Fire Blight Tolerant Asian Pear Cultivars in Alabama. HortScience 50(9):S35. (Abstr.).


Coneva, E Gregory L. Reighard, and J. Pitts. 2015. Peach Rootstock Evaluation in Alabama. HortScience 50(9):S51. (Abstr.).


Coneva, E and J. Pitts. 2015. Evaluation of Fire Blight Tolerant Asian Pear Cultivars for Alabama. NACAA Annual Meeting, Sioux Falls, SD. (Abstr.).


Walsh, C.  2015. Field performance of Asian pear trees in the hot, humid summer conditions of the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States., ISHS Pear Symposium, Leuven Belgium.


Kon, T.M. and J. Schupp. 2015. Apple pollen tube growth and spur leaf injury in response to thermal shock temperature and duration. HortScience 50(9):S110-S111. (Abstr.)


 Kon, T.M., J. Schupp, H.E. Winzeler, and M.A. Schupp. 2015. The effect of mechanical string thinner spindle rotation speed on apple spur bud removal. HortScience 50(9):S358-S359. (Abstr.)


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Integration of Renewable Canopy Architectures and Precocious


Rootstocks Optimize Sweet Cherry Yields, Fruit Quality, and Labor Efficiency, ASHS


annual conference, New Orleans, LA, Aug. 4-7.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Fruiting Wall Canopy Training System Trials in Sweet Cherries,


nectarines, Plums, and Apricots, Great Lakes Fruit Workers annual meeting, Geneva, NY;


Nov. 9-11.


 


Thompson, A. and G. Peck. 2015. The Effects of Rootstock and Fertilizer Selection on Apple Orchard


Productivity and Soil Microbial Ecology. HortScience 50(9): S178. (Abstr.)


 


Poster Presentations


 


Beckman, T.G. Progress in the Development of Moderate-Chill Peach Cultivars for the Southeastern United States. Presented at the Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting. Aug. 4-7, 2015, New Orleans, LA. [poster]


 


Belisle, C., D. Jackson, D.J. Chavez, and K. Adhikari. 2015. A Survey of Fruit Quality Characteristics of Georgia Peach (Prunus persica L.) Cultivars. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting. Aug. 4-7, 2015, New Orleans, LA. [poster].


 


Chavez, D.J. and J. Cook. 2015. Effect of Bloom and Fruit Thinning on Quality Characteristics of ‘Harvester' and ‘Redglobe' Peach Fruit Varieties in Georgia. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting. Aug. 4-7, 2015, New Orleans, LA. [poster].


 


Chavez, D.J. and J. Cook. 2015. The Effect of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and Aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) on Late-Season Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] Varieties in Middle Georgia. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting. Aug. 4-7, 2015, New Orleans, LA. [poster].


 


Coneva, E.D., G.L. Reighard, and J. Pitts.  2015.  Peach rootstock evaluation in Alabama. SR-ASHS, Atlanta, GA. Jan. 30 – Feb. 1, 2015. [poster]


 


Coneva, E.D., G.L. Reighard, and J. Pitts.  2015.  Assessing peach rootstocks in Alabama. SE Regional Fruit & Vegetable Conference. Savannah, GA. Jan. 8-11, 2015. [poster]


 


Conlan, E., M.A. Olmstead, J.W. Olmstead, J.G. Williamson, D.J. Chavez, E.D. Smith, O. Lindstrom, and J. Liu. 2015. An Analysis of Historical Freeze Events and Determination of Blueberry and Peach Critical Bud Temperatures to Aid Growers in Freeze-related Risk Assessments. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Annual Meeting. Aug. 4-7, 2015, New Orleans, LA. [poster].


 


Reighard, G.L., F. Souza and R. Pio.  2015.  Peach cell number and size is affected by crop load, cultivar and GDD.  ISHS Xth Symposium on Modeling in Fruit Research and Orchard Management.  June 2-5, 2015. Montpellier, France. [poster]


 


Reighard, G.L., W. G. Henderson and W. G. Henderson, Jr.  2015.  Irrigation Scheduling Based on Soil Water Volume Increases Profitability of Peach Production.  ISHS Symposium on Innovation in Integrated and Organic Horticulture. June 8-12, 2015.  Avignon, France. [poster]


 


Popular Articles


 


Autio, W., J. Cline, T. Einhorn, G. Lang, R. Marini, G. Reighard, and T. Robinson.  2015.  2014 Progress Report – Brief summaries of NC-140 rootstock trials.  Compact Fruit Tree 48(2): 6-8.


 


Autio, W.R., J.M. Clements, and J.S. Krupa.  2015.  An evaluation of Cornell-Geneva and Budagovsky apple rootstocks with Honeycrisp, the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial after five years.  Horticultural News 95(2):6-11.


 


Autio, W.R., J.M. Clements, and J.S. Krupa.  2015.  An evaluation of Cornell-Geneva and Budagovsky apple rootstocks with Honeycrisp, the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial after five years.  Fruit Notes 80(2):6-11.


 


Clements, J.M. and W.R. Autio.  2015.  Vineland and Geneva rootstocks in the 2014 NC-140 Apple Trial at UMass Cold Spring Orchard.  Horticultural News 95(1):1-3.


 


Clements, J.M. and W.R. Autio.  2015.  Vineland and Geneva rootstocks in the 2014 NC-140 Apple Trial at UMass Cold Spring Orchard.  Fruit Notes 80(1):1-3.


 


Cline, J., 2014. Rootstock Performance when Growing 'Honeycrisp'. Newsletters. Cline, J. A. and J. Zandstra. 2014.Rootstock Performance when Growing ‘Honeycrisp’. Orchard Network 18(1):2-3


 


Cline, J., 2013. A Brief Summary of Selected Apple Research Projects Supported by the OAG and/or OMAFRA at the University of Guelph, Simcoe. Orchard Network 17(4):2-3


 


Cooley, Daniel, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, 2015. An Annual Fire Blight Management Program for


Apples: An Update. Horticultural News 95-2, pgs 18-26


 


Cowgill, W., R. Magron, J.M. Clements, and W.R. Autio.  2015.  Two new NC-140 apple trials:  Vineland and Geneva rootstocks with Honeycrisp and Fuji at Rutgers Snyder Farm.  Fruit Notes 80(3):6-8.


 


Cowgill, W., R. Magron, J.M. Clements, and W.R. Autio.  2015.  Two new NC-140 apple trials:  Vineland and Geneva rootstocks with Honeycrisp and Fuji at Rutgers Snyder Farm.  Horticultural News 95(3):6-8.


 


Crassweller, R. M. & D. E. Smith. 2015. Apple rootstock trials at Rock Springs – 2014. PA Fruit News 95(1):41-45.


 


Crassweller, R. M. & D. E. Smith 2015. Second generation apple training system trials – 2014. PA Fruit News 95(1):49-53.


 


Crassweller, R. 2015. Carbohydrate model results in 2014 for four locations in PA. PA Fruit News 95(2):21-23.


 


Crassweller, R. & D. Smith. 2015. Nutritional analysis of new apple cultivars in high density plantings – 2014. PA Fruit News 95(2):24-26.


 


Baugher, T., A. Anderson, T. Jarvinen, J. Schupp, E. Winzeler and M. Schupp. 2015. Competitive orchard systems and technologies. Pennsylvania Fruit News 95(2):20.


 


Kon, T. and J. Schupp. 2015. Investigating forced heated air treatments as a blossom thinning strategy for apple. Pennsylvania Fruit News 95(1):68-69.


 


Kon, T. and J. Schupp. 2015. Changing orchard design: from 40’ x 40’ to fruiting walls. Crunch Time, Adams County Fruit Grower Association newsletter. July 2015:6-8.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. How canopy structures affect productivity. American Fruit Grower 135(9):26-


27.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Non-tunnel covering systems for sweet cherries. American Fruit Grower


135(5):30-32.


 


Miller, D.D. 2015. Apple Rootstock Trial Results in Ohio. Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association Quarterly 2015 (1)


 


Peck, G. 2015. 2014 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: NC-140 Rootstock Trial


for Central Virginia. Virginia Fruit 91 (1):7 (Apr 2015).


 


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 2015. 2014 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Continued


Investigations into New Rootstocks, Cultivars, and Training Systems for Virginia. Virginia Fruit


91(1):8-12 (Apr 2015).


 


Schupp, J., E. Winzeler, M. Schupp, T. Kon, T. A. Baugher, T. Jarvinen, A. Anderson and A. Tabb. 2015. Labor Efficient Apple and Peach Systems for Profitability. Pennsylvania Fruit News 95 (1):26-29.


 


Schupp, J., E. Winzeler, M. Schupp and T. Kon. 2015. Peach Rootstock Trials: A 2014 Update.


 Pennsylvania Fruit News 95 (1):46-48.


 


Thompson, A. and G. Peck.. 2015. 2014 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Finetuning fertilizer recommendations for young apple trees in high-density plantings. Virginia Fruit


85(1):3-6 (Apr 2015).


 


Yoder, K. and G. Peck. 2015. 2014 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Apple


Rootstock Susceptibility to Tomato Ring Spot Virus (TmRSV). Virginia Fruit 91 (1):13-14 (Apr 2015).


 


Winzeler, H. E. and J. R. Schupp. 2015. Potential for using Mid-Atlantic processing fruit in hard cider production. Pennsylvania Fruit News 95(2):29-30.


 


Other Creative Works


Coneva, E.and J. Pitts. 2015. Update on Peach Rootstock Evaluations in Alabama. Alabama IPM Communicator. Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES).


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2015. Update on Peach Rootstock Evaluations in Alabama. Alabama Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association (AFVGA) Newsletter.


Coneva, E.2015. Update on Peach Rootstock Evaluations in Alabama. Timely Information Sheet. Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Horticulture Series.


Kon, T. and J. Schupp. 2015. Think warm thoughts. Pennsylvania Fruit Times. http://extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/news/2015/think-warm-thoughts-possible-frost-event-s-in-the-forecast April 23, 2015.


 


Kon, T. and J. Schupp. 2015. An In-Depth Look at Bloom. American Fruit Grower http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/apples-pears/an-in-depth-look-at-bloom/


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Promoting return bloom of apple. Pennsylvania Fruit Times. http://extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/news/2015/promoting-return-bloom-of-apple-trees?utm_campaign=Fruit+Times&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter&utm_content=newsletter_title


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Is everything (still) just peachy? http://extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/news/2015/is-everything-still-justpeachy? March 6, 2015


 


Winzeler, H. E. and J. R. Schupp. 2015. Potential for using Mid-Atlantic processing fruit in hard cider production. Pennsylvania Fruit Times http://extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/news/2015/potential-for-using-mid-atlantic-processing-fruit-in-hard-cider-production-an-analysis-of-tannin-content-titratable-acidity-levels-ph-and-soluble-solids-content March 12,2015


 


Wolfe, D. D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2015. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield. Fruit and Vegetable Crops 2014 Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-688:8-9. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/PR/PR688/PR688.pdf


 


Scientific and Outreach Oral Presentations.


 


Beckman, T.G. “Performance of MP-29 Rootstock in Grower Trials”. Presented at the SE Prof. Fruit Workers Meeting. Oct. 6-8, 2015, Montgomery, AL.


Black, Brent. 2015. 2009 Redhaven planting (South Shore Farms).  Annual winter tour (21 Jan. 2015) of the Utah State Horticulture Association (USHA). 


Black, Brent. 2015. A progress report of apple and cherry rootstock trials. Annual USHA winter meetings (22 Jan. 2015). 


Black, Brent. 2015. Cherry rootstocks in the 2010 high density tart planting USHA summer tour (30 June 2015).


Blatt, SE. 2015. “Rootstocks and fireblight and spotted wing… oh my!   Updates on a few things of interest.” Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Association Annual Convention, Greenwich, Nova Scotia, January.


Blatt, SE. 2015.Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Association Field Tour.  August 2015.  Discussion of ongoing rootstock trials and introduction of Modi trial.


Chavez, D.J. 2015. Peach Research at UGA: Listening, Learning, and Preparing for the Future. Invited guest lecture. SE Reg. Fruit & Veg. Conference. Jan. 8-11, 2015. Savannah, GA.


Chavez, D.J. and J. Cook. 2015. Effect of Progibb (gibberellic acid, GA3) and Retain (aminoethoxyvinylglycine, AVG) on peach varieties in middle Georgia. Presented at the SE Prof. Fruit Workers Meeting. Oct. 6-8, 2015, Montgomery, AL.


Cline, J. A. 2014. Use of Plant Bioregulators for Annual Bearing. Georgian Bay Orchard Tour. Ontario Apple Growers.


Cochran, D.R. 2015. NC-140 2010 Dwarf apple rootstock trial. Iowa State University Fruit and Vegetable Field Day, Hort Station. August 10, 2015, 150 attendees.


Coneva, E. 2015. Peach Rootstock Evaluation. Chilton Area Peach Production Meeting. Clanton, January 27, 2015.


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2015. Evaluation of Fire Blight Tolerant Asian Pear Cultivars for Alabama. NACAA Annual Meeting, Sioux Falls, SD, July 13-17, 2015.


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2015. Evaluation of Fire Blight Tolerant Asian Pear Cultivars for Alabama. AACAAS Annual Meeting, Auburn, AL, June 3-5, 2015.


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2015. Fire Blight Tolerant Asian Pear Cultivars for Alabama. Southeast Regional Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Savannah, GA, Jan. 8-10, 2015.


Coneva, E. Gregory L. Reighard, and J. Pitts. 2015. Assessing Peach Rootstocks in Alabama. Southeast Regional Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Savannah, GA, Jan. 8-10, 2015.


Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2015. Fire Blight Resistant Apple Rootstock Trial in Alabama. Southeast Regional Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Savannah, GA, Jan. 8-10, 2015.


Coneva, E 2015 Home and Wildlife Expo, Chilton REC, AL. “NC-140 Tree Fruit Trial Demonstration.” (Attendance 2000+), August 8, 2015.


Cowgill, W. 2014. North Jersey Fruit Meeting, Broadway, NJ, 67 growers


Cowgill, W. 2015. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, May, 07; Rutgers Snyder Farm, Pittstown, NJ


52 growers


 


Cowgill, W. 2015. North Jersey Twilight Horticultural Research Meeting, Rutgers Snyder Farm, September 15, 2015– 68 growers


 


Einhorn, T. 2015.  The use of PGRs, root pruning and new, dwarfing rootstocks to balance vigor and production. Washington State Horticultural Association’s 111th Annual Meeting, Yakima, WA, December 9, 2015. Oral presentation to members of the Pacific Northwest fruit industry.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015. Practical strategies to improve management and profitability of pear orchards.


Washington State Horticultural Association’s 111h  Annual Meeting, Yakima, WA, December 9, 2015. Oral presentation to members of the Pacific Northwest fruit industry.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015. Management strategies to exploit stresses. WSU Fruit School, Apple and Pear Horticulture, Wenatchee, WA, November 18, 2015. Oral presentation of my research results to members of the PNW tree fruit industry. Meeting hosted by WSU Extension.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015. Managing growth and development of sweet cherry. IV International Seminar on Cherries, Curico, Chile, October 20, 2015. Oral presentation of my research results to members of the Chilean tree fruit industry. Meeting hosted by Patricio Espinosa, PEC.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015. MCAREC Field Day- Pear horticultural research. Hood River, OR, July 21,


2015. Oral presentation of my research results to members of the Oregon and WA tree fruit industry. Meeting hosted by MCAREC.


 


Einhorn,  T.  2015.  Using  rootstocks,  cultivars,  training  systems,  root  pruning  and  PGRs  to achieve early production in pear. 2015 Hood River Winter Horticulture Meeting, Hood River, OR, February 6, 2015. Oral presentation to members of the regional fruit industry. Meeting hosted by Steve Castagnoli, Hood River County Extension.


 


Einhorn, T. and Gibeaut, D.  2015. Water, PGRs and Freeze: 2014 Sweet Cherry Update.  2015


Cherry Research Review and MCAREC Update, the Dalles, OR, February 5, 2015. Oral presentation of research results to members of the regional fruit industry. Meeting hosted by MCAREC and Lynn Long, OSU Wasco County Extension.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015. Techniques to promote early bearing and vigor control of pear trees.   2015


North Central Washington Pear Day, Wenatchee, WA, January 21, 2015. Oral presentation of research results to over 200 members of the North Central Washington and  greater  regional  fruit  industry.  Meeting  hosted  by  Tim  Smith,  WSU  Chelan /Douglas/Okanogan County Extension.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015. Sweet Cherry Research Update:    Cold hardiness, Water management, and


PGRs.  2015 North Central Washington Stone Fruit Day, Wenatchee, WA, January 20,


2015. Oral presentation of research results to over 200 members of the North Central Washington and greater regional fruit industry. Meeting hosted by Tim Smith, WSU Chelan /Douglas/Okanogan County Extension.


 


Einhorn, T. 2015.  OSU Horticultural Update.  72nd Annual Cherry Institute, Yakima, WA, January 16, 2015. Oral presentation of research results to several hundred industry members, and regional peers.


 


Fallahi, E. November, 2014. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Progress Report. Annual conference of NC-140, Clemson, South Carolina, attendance 41.


 


Fallahi, E., November 20-21, 2014. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Report. Annual Conference of the Idaho State Horticultural Society, Nampa, Idaho; Attendance 110.


 


Fallahi, E. March 5, 2015. Training on Growing Apples on Different Rootstocks. Idaho apple growers. March Tour, 56 in attendance.


 


Fallahi, E. August, 28, 2015. Performance of Apple Rootstocks under Intermountain West Conditions. University of Idaho Pomology Program Fruit Field Day, Growers and Public audience. Attendance 980.


 


Hannan, J. and D.R. Cochran. 2015. NC-140 2015 Organic apple rootstock trial. Wills Family Orchard, Adel, IA. July 13, 2015, 20 attendees.


 


Kon, T.M. and J.R. Schupp. 2015.  Apple pollen tube growth and spur leaf injury in response to thermal shock temperature and duration. The American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA


 


Kon, T.M., J.R. Schupp, H.E. Winzeler, and M.A. Schupp. 2015. The effect of mechanical string thinner spindle rotation speed on apple spur bud removal. The American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA


 


Kon, T.M. and J.R. Schupp. 2015. Thinning apple early: risks, rewards, and alternative strategies. Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center Field Day, Biglerville, PA. 09 July.


 


Kon, T.M. and J.R. Schupp. 2015. Apple crop load management: is mechanical thinning effective? In-Depth Tree Fruit Meeting, Winchester, VA. 23 Apr.


 


Kon, T., J. Schupp, M. Schupp, and H.E. Winzeler. 2015. Investigating forced heated air treatments as a blossom thinning strategy for apple. The Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Hershey, PA. 28 January.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Small-Scale Cherry Production, Big Market Opportunities, Indiana


Horticultural Congress, Indianapolis, IN; Jan 21.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. High Tunnel Cherries and Other Stone Fruits - Impose Your Own


Climate Change?, Indiana Horticultural Congress, Indianapolis, IN; Jan 22.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Impose Your Own Climate Change: Different Covering Strategies Affect


Stone Fruit Growth, Yield, Fruit Quality, and Diseases, SW Hort Days, Benton Harbor, MI;


Feb 5.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Stone Fruit Game-Changers: Fruiting Wall Training Systems and High


Tunnels, Ontario Fruit & Vegetable Conference, Niagara Falls, ON; Feb 19.


 


Lang, G. 2015. Pruning High Density Sweet Cherries, MSUE Cherry Crop Load Management


& Pruning workshop, Traverse City, MI, Apr. 23.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. How Studies in Plant Physiology Change Sweet Cherry Production, MSU


Science Festival, East Lansing, MI; Apr 18.


 


Lang, G. 2015. High Density Training Systems and Protected Production of Sweet Cherries


and Stone Fruits, MSU Clarksville Research Center Field Day, Clarksville, MI, June 23.


 


Lang, G.A. 2015. Advances in Management and Production of Cherries with Row Covers,


High Tunnels, and Greenhouses, IV International Cherry Seminar, Curico, Chile; Oct 20.


 


Miller, D.D. 2015. Apple Rootstock Trial Results in Ohio. Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers annual meeting, Jan. 19, 2015. Kalahari Convention Center, Sandusky, OH. Attendance 50.


 


Miller, D.D. 2015. 2010 NC-140 Rootstock Planting. Fruit Growers Marketing Association annual meeting, Aug. 25, 2015. Bachman’s Sunny Hill Fruit Farm, Carroll, OH. Attendance 60.


 


Parker, M.L. Keys to maximizing orchard productivity in the SE. 2015. Southeastern Apple Growers Meeting Proceedings. pp. 51-56.


 


Parker, et. al., 2015 Integrated orchard management guide for commercial apples in the Southeast. Edited by J. Walgenbach. NC Cooperative Extension Service, Raleigh. AG-572. 88 pp.


 


Parker, M.L. January 2015. Keys to Maximizing Orchard Productivity in the SE. Southeastern Apple Growers Meeting, Asheville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 125.


 


Parker, M.L. January 2015. Peach Production Orchard Tour and Workshop with an emphasis on peach rootstocks and subsequent management. Attendance 55.


 


Parker, M.L. January 2015. North Carolina Peach Growers Society. Carthage, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 80.


 


Parker, M.L. February 2015. Western District Apple School, Hendersonville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 110.


 


Parker, M.L. February 2015. Keys to Maximizing Orchard Productivity in the Brushy Mts., Wilkesboro, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 40.


 


Peck, G. 2015. Designing and Establishing a Hard Cider Orchard. Delivered at CiderCON 2015, Chicago, IL. Producer audience. Attendance: 65.


 


Peck, G. 10-13 Feb 2015. Winter Fruit Schools. Tall Spindle Orchard Systems in Virginia. Delivered at


five separate locations. Producer audience. Attendance: 250.


 


Peck, G. 25 Aug 2015. Commercial Organic Apple Production Field Day. Site Selection and Orchard


Design. Winchester, VA. Producer audience. Attendance: 50.


 


Peck, G. 25 Aug 2015. Commercial Organic Apple Production Field Day. Cultivar and Rootstock


Selection. Winchester, VA. Producer audience. Attendance: 50.


 


Rahn, Z., J. Schupp, H.E. Winzeler, and T. Kon. 2015. Fire blight resistant pear varieties: fruit quality and sensory evaluation. The Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Hershey, PA. January 28.


 


Reighard, G.L.  2015.  Crop load management: Cultivar and thinning considerations.  SE Regional Fruit & Vegetable Conference. Savannah, GA. Jan. 9, 2015.


 


Reighard, G.L. and G. Henderson.  2015.  Aminoethoxyvinylglycine delays maturity and increases firmness in late season peaches.  SR-ASHS, Atlanta, GA. Feb. 1, 2015.


 


Reighard, G.L.   2015.  Crop load management: cultivar and thinning considerations in a high chill year. Peach Update Meeting.  Edgefield, SC.  February 19, 2015. 


 


Reighard, G.L.  2015.  Crop load management: cultivar and thinning considerations in a high chill year.  Oconee Fruit Grower Meeting.  Walhalla, SC.  February 18, 2015.


 


Reighard, G.L., T. Feng, K. Gasic, F. Souza and R. Pio.  2015.  Cell division and enlargement in peach mesocarp cells affected by time of thinning.  IN: Workshop on Molecular Physiology & Genetics of Fruit Growth & Development.  August 6, 2015.  ASHS Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA.


 


Reighard, G.L., T. Feng, and K. Gasic.  2015.  Early fruit  thinning enhances upregulation of genes for cell division and growth in peach.  Southeastern Professional Fruit Workers Conference, October 6-8, 2015.  Montgomery, Al.


 


Schupp, J. R. 2015. Pruning by the Numbers. The Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Hershey, PA. January 27.


 


Schupp, J. R. 2015. Peach Pruning and Training. The Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Hershey, PA. January 28.


 


Schupp, J. R. 2015. Peach Rootstock Trials. The Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Hershey, PA. 28 January.


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Managing high density apple and peach plantings with advanced horticultural techniques. Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center Field Day, Biglerville, PA. 09 July.


 


Schupp, J., H. E. Winzeler, T. Baugher, L. Kime, T. Kon, and M. Schupp. 2015. Peach Systems Trial: 8 year summary. The Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Hershey, PA. January 28.


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Growing apples of consistent size and quality. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Winter Apple School, Flat Rock, NC. 4 Feb.


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Does water quality affect the efficacy of NAA stop drop sprays? North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Winter Apple School, Flat Rock, NC. 4 Feb.


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Apple pruning demonstration. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Winter Apple School, Flat Rock, NC 5 Feb.


 


Schupp, J. R. 2015. Effect of water quality on Stop Drop Efficacy.  Adams County Fruit Growers Winter Fruit School, Biglerville, PA.  16 February


 


Schupp, J. 2015. Peach rootstocks: Current options and upcoming developments. Michigan Spring Peach Update. Benton Harbor, MI. 10 March.


 


Schupp, J. R. 2015. The Penn State Fruit Research Center: A university – grower interface. Nuffield Scholars. 13 March


 


Walsh, C. 2015. Cumberland-Shenandoah Fruit Workers Conference.  December 2014


 


Walsh, C. 2015. Preliminary Results from the Gala, Pink Lady Geneva Rootstock Trial at WMREC


 


Walsh, C. 2015. Field-testing advanced selections from the Geneva apple rootstock breeding program 2014 Updates.


 


Walsh, C. 2015. Anna Wallis, Brian Butler and Chris Walsh (Attendance, 60).


 


Walsh, C. 2015. Western Maryland Twilight Meeting.  August 2015


 


Walsh, C, B. Butler, K. Peter. 2015Tour of ongoing fruit tree research.  (Attence, 70 from MD, PA, VA and WV) 


 


Wolfe, D. 25 June 2015. Apple and peach rootstock trials in Kentucky. UKREC Horticulture Field Day. Homeowner / grower audience. Attendance 20.


 


Yoder. K. 25 Aug 2015. Commercial Organic Apple Production Field Day. Disease Management.


Winchester, VA. Producer audience. Attendance: 50.


          


 


 


 

01/04/2017

2015-16 Published Written Works


 Books


Crassweller, R.M., T.A. Baugher, R.P. Marini, and J.R. Schupp. 2016. P.1-89. In: G. Krawczyk (ed.) Penn State Tree Fruit production Guide for 2016-2017.  Penn State Extension AGRS-045.


2016 Integrated Orchard Management Guide for Commercial apples in the Southeast. Edited by J. Walgenbach. NC Cooperative Extension Service, Raleigh. AG-572. 88 pp.


Refereed Journal Articles


Chavez, D.J., T.G. Beckman, and J.X. Chaparro. 2016. Identifying the North American plum species phylogenetic signal using nuclear, mitochondrial, and chloroplast DNA markers. Journal American Society Horticultural Science 141: In press.


Fazio, G., T.L. Robinson, and H.S. Aldwinckle, 2015. The Geneva apple rootstock breeding program. Plant Breeding Reviews 39:379-424.


Geng, F., R. Moran, M. Day, W. Halteman and D. Zhang. 2016. Increasing shoot elongation and proliferation of ‘G.30’ and ‘G.41’ apple by chilling explants and plant growth regulators. HortScience 51:899-904.


Law, T.L. and G.A. Lang. 2016. Planting angle and meristem management influence sweet cherry canopy development in the “Upright Fruiting Offshoots” training system. HortScience 51:1010-1015. http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/51/8/1010.full


Lang, G.A. 2016. Cherry rootstock. pp. 631 in: Gasic, K. and J.E. Preece. Register of New Fruit and Nut Cultivars: List 48. HortScience 51:620-652. http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/51/6/620.full


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.P. Cowgill, Jr., R.C. Crassweller, C. Hampson, M.M. Kushad, R. Moran, M. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, T. Robinson, D. Wolfe. 2016. Time Required for Classifying Rootstock Vigor in Multi-location Rootstock Trials. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 70(2):82-91.


Shin, S., P. Zheng, G. Fazio, M. Mazzola, D. Main, and Y. Zhu, 2016. Transcriptome changes specifically associated with apple (Malus domestica) root defense response during Pythium ultimum infection. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 94:16-26.


Tworkoski, T., G. Fazio, and D.M. Glenn, 2016. Apple rootstock resistance to drought. Scientia Horticulturae 204:70-78. 24


Tworkoski, T. and G. Fazio, 2016. Hormone and growth interactions of scions and sizecontrolling rootstocks of young apple trees. Plant Growth Regulation.


Ayala, M. and G.A. Lang. 2015. 13C-Photoassimilate partitioning in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) during early spring. Ciencia e Investigacion Agraria 42:191-203. http://www.rcia.uc.cl/index.php/rcia/article/view/1508


Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.P. Cowgill, Jr., R.C. Crassweller, C. Hampson, M.M. Kushad, R. Moran, M. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, T. Robinson, D. Wolfe. 2016. Time Required for Classifying Rootstock Vigor in Multi-location Rootstock Trials. Journal American Pomological Society. 70(2):82-91.


Symposium Proceedings


Fazio, G., Lordan, J., Francescatto, P., Cheng, L., Wallis, A., Grusak, M.A., Robinson, T.L.,Honeycrisp Apple Fruit Nutrient Concentration Affected By Apple Rootstocks, XI International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. ISHS, Bologna, Italy.


Lang, GA, Blatt, S, Forge, T, Lordan, J, Neilsen, D, Reig, G and Robinson, T. 2016. Integrating sweet cherry canopy architectures and rootstocks in difference environments: the NC-140 trial results from Michigan, New York, British Columbia and Nova Scotia. ISHS Orchard Systems Symposium, Bologna, Italy. August 2016.


Reighard, G.L. 2016. Rootstock performance in the 2009 NC-140 peach trial across 11 States. ISHS 11th International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. August 28 – Sept. 2, 2016. Bologna, Italy.


Fisk, C., C. Tu, D. Ritchie, M. Parker and G. Reighard. 2016. Rootstock effect on soil ecology in a young peach orchard. ISHS 11th International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. August 28 – Sept. 2, 2016. Bologna, Italy.


Parker, M., D. Ritchie, G. Reighard, B.Clark and R. Marceau. 2016. Peach rootstock differences in tree survival from bacterial canker in the Southeastern United States. ISHS 11th International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. August 28 – Sept. 2, 2016. Bologna, Italy.


Reighard, G., D.J. Chavez, et al. 2016. Rootstock performance in the 2009 NC-140 peach trial across 11 states. XI International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Comparison of Intensive Sweet Cherry Tree Architectures to Optimize Fruit Quality and Labor Efficiencies. 2nd International Stone Fruit Conference, Netherlands, May, 2016


Lang, G.A. et al. 2016. The NC140 Trial Results from Michigan, New York, British Columbia, and Nova Scotia. ISHS Canopy Systems, Rootstocks, and Environmental Physiology Symposium, Bologna, Italy, Aug. 28-Sept 2.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Integrating Canopy Architectures and Rootstock Traits to Optimize Fruit Production in Different Environments. ISHS Canopy Systems, Rootstocks, and Environmental Physiology Symposium, Bologna, Italy, Aug. 28-Sept 2.


Lang, G. A. 2016. Experiences with New Sweet Cherry Training Systems. Tubitak Cherry Research Conference, Samsun, Turkey, Sept.   Lordan, J., Fazio, G., Francescatto, P., Robinson, T.L., 2016. Effects of Apple (Malus ×domestica) Rootstocks on Vigor and Yield Scion Response, XI International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. ISHS, Bologna, Italy.


Poster Presentations


Popular Articles


Autio, W.R., J.S. Krupa, J.M. Clements, and W.P. Cowgill Jr. 2016. Evaluation of peach rootstocks: 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial through seven growing seasons. Fruit Notes 81(3):1-3. http://horticulturalnews.org/96-3/Cover813.html


Autio, W.R., J.S. Krupa, J.M. Clements, and W.P. Cowgill Jr. 2016. Evaluation of peach rootstocks: 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial through seven growing seasons. Horicultural News 96(3):1-3. http://horticulturalnews.org/96-3/Cover96-3.html


Autio, W.R. 2016. Rootstock Trial through seven growing seasons. Fruit Notes 81(3):1-3. http://horticulturalnews.org/96-3/Cover813.html


Crassweller, R. and D. Smith. 2016. Honeycrisp rootstock trial early results. Pennsylvania Fruit News 96(1):36-38.


Crassweller, R. and D. Smith 2016. 2015 Results of apple training system trials. Pennsylvania Fruit News 96(1):39-41.


Crassweller, R. and D. Smith. 2016 Nutritional analysis of new apple cultivars in high density plantings. Pennsylvania Fruit News. 96(2):21-22


Schupp, J. 2016. Prune mature trees to improve light distribution. Fruit Growers News 55(1):8-9


Baugher, Jarvinen, Dugan, and Schupp. 2016. Can a Rules-Based Apple Pruning System Improve Labor Efficiency without Affecting Orchard Productivity? PA Fruit News 96 (2):16-17.


Fazio, G., L. Cheng, M.A. Grusak, and T.L. Robinson, 2015. Apple rootstocks influence mineral nutrient concentration of leaves and fruit. New York Fruit Quarterly 25:11-15.


Hein, T. 2016. Smaller sweet cherry trees. Fruit and Vegetable Magazine, (in press).


Blatt, S. and D. Neilsen. 2016. Putting the cherry on top. AgrInfo, Issue 6, October 2016. http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/publications/agri-info-newsletter/?id=1419351635969


Lang, G.A. 2016. Evaluating sweet cherry training systems for precision orchards. American Fruit Grower 136(1):26-27.


Lang, G. 2016. Una mirada a los sistemas de cobertura de cerezo en el mundo. Redagricola 80:34-38.


Tepe, E., E. Hoover, et al., 2016. extension.org/apples


Tepe, E., E. Hoover, et al., 2016. Commercial Fruit Extension (fruit.cfans.umn.edu)


Tepe E. and E. Hoover, 2016. Growing Fruit in the Northern Garden (available free on iBooks)


Warmund, M. 2016. The dangers of drought on fruit crops. M) Environment and Garden newsletter. June 2016. http://ipm.missouri.edu/MEG/archive/2016/v22n6.pdf.


Warmund, M. 2016. Split Pits in Peaches. Environment and Garden newsletter. July 2016. http://ipm.missouri.edu/MEG/archive/2016/v22n7.pdf.


Wolfe, D., D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2016. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield. Fruit and Vegetable Crops 2015 Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-688:9-12. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agcomm/pubs/PR/PR706/PR706.pdf


Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 2016. 2015 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Continued Investigations into New Rootstocks, Cultivars, and Training Systems for Virginia. Virginia Fruit 97(1):7-11. (Apr 2016).


Thompson, A. and G. Peck. 2015. 2014 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Fine-tuning fertilizer recommendations for young apple trees in high-density plantings. Virginia Fruit 97(1):12-18 (Apr 2016).


Other Creative Works


Basedow, M., R. Crassweller, J. Schupp and T. Baugher. 2016. Bench Grafting https://youtu.be/ADIIcQGwAWA


Basedow, M., J. Schupp, R. Crassweller, and T. Baugher. 2016. Bark Grafting. https://youtu.be/MQFuJGngs.3M


Lang, G.A. 2016. Cherry training systems – from traditional to transformative? American Fruit Grower 136(11):15-16. http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/cherry-trainingsystems-from-traditional-to-transformative/


Lang, G.A. 2016. Take a close look at the Tall Spindle Axe. American Fruit Grower 136(8):18-http://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/stone-fruit/take-a-closer-look-at-the-tall-spindle-axetraining-system/


Blatt, S. 2016. CBC News: Nova Scotia researchers growing dwarf cherry trees. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/dwarf-cherry-trees-growing-1.3687577.  


Crassweller, R., L. Kime, and J. Harper. 2016. Agricultural Alternatives: Apple Production. Publication UA428. (complete revision) also on internet at http://extension.psu.edu/business/ag-alternatives/horticulture/fruits/apple-production


North Carolina State University produced 2 videos on apple rootstocks and higher density training systems.


Scientific and Outreach Oral Presentations


Adams, S. and B. Black 27 Jan 2016. “Apple and Peach Rootstock Update.” A presentation at the Northern Utah Fruit Meeting. Brigham City, UT (50 attendees).


Adams, S. and B. Black. 18 February 2016. “Nursery Tree and Rootstock Considerations.” A presentation in the Small Acreage Tree Fruit Basics session at the Utah Urban and Small Farms Conference, West Jordan, UT (45 attendees)


Black, B. and T. Roper. 28 June 2016. NC-140 plantings were featured at the Kaysville Fruit and Vegetable Field day. The tree fruit sessions had over 60 participants.


Autio, W.R. 2016. Update and tour of the current NC-140 trials at the UMass Cold Spring Orchard. Massachusetts Fruit Growers’ Association  Annual Summer Meeting, July 13, 2016.


Beckman, T. 2016. Post-release performance of MP-29, an interspecific plum-peach hybrid rootstock for peach. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science. Aug. 2016, Atlanta, GA.


Blatt, S. 2016. Odds and Ends: Rootstocks, bugs and sterility. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Association Annual Convention, Greenwich, NS, 28 January 2016. Oral presentation to members of the Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and PEI tree fruit industry.


Blatt, S. 2016. Update on NC-140 Rootstock trials: Honeycrisp, Sweet Cherry and Modi. Oral presentation of my research results to members of the NS, NB and PEI tree fruit industry. Field Orchard Tour hosted by the Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Association, August 2016.


Casamali, B., M. Van Iersel, and D.J. Chavez. 2016. Irrigation and fertilization rates for young peach trees [Prunus persica L. (Batsch)]. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science. Aug. 2016, Atlanta, GA.


Cline, J. A. and D. Plotkowski. 2016. Industry Apple Tailgate Tour of the 2014 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Planting and 2015 European Cider Planting. August 15, 2016. University of Guelph, Simcoe.


Cochran, D.R. 2016.‘Honeycrisp’ apple rootstock trial update. Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Annual Conference, Ankeny, IA, January 29, 2016.


Cochran, D.R. 2016. NC-140 ‘Honeycrisp’ rootstock trial update 2016. Iowa State University Fruit and Vegetable Growers Field Day, Horticulture Research Farm, IA, August 15, 2016.


Cochran, D.R. 2016. Establishing an Orchard. Iowa Small Farms Conference, Scheman Continuing Education Building, Ames, IA, February 13, 2016.


Conlan, E., J. Liu, D.J. Chavez, O. Lindstrom, and M.A. Olmstead. 2016. Peach critical bud temperatures for different phenological bud stages. Annual Meeting of the Florida State Horticulture Society.


Crassweller, R. M. 2016. Cherry Rootstock Update. Presented at Mid-Atlantic Fruit & Vegetable Conference 2/4/16. Hershey, PA.


Elkin, R. 2016.  Rootstocks and orchard systems for European pears; 2014 Sacramento River District PearResearchMeeti(February3, 2016) and 2016 North Coast Pear Research Meeting, Feb. 9, 2016. http://www.calpear.com/research/.


Marini, R.P. 2016. Two Decades of NC140 Trial Results. 2016 IFTA Pre-Conference Intensive Workshop. Grand Rapids, MI. Feb. 6, 2016.


Fallahi, E. 2015. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Report. Annual Conference of the Idaho State Horticultural Society, Nampa, Idaho. Nov. 12-13, 2015


Fallahi, E. 2016. Training on Growing Apples on Different Rootstocks. Idaho apple growers March tour. March 8, 2016


Fallahi, E. 2016. Performance of Apple Rootstocks under Intermountain West Conditions. University of Idaho Pomology Program Fruit Field Day. Sept. 16, 2016.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Evolution of Precision Orchard Production Systems. International Fruit Tree Association annual conference, Grand Rapids, MI, Feb. 7-10.


Lang, G.A. 2016. The Fruiting Wall Orchard: Tree Training Results for Sweet Cherries, Nectarines, Apricots, and Plums. ASHS annual conference, Atlanta, GA, Aug. 8-11.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Sweet Cherry Orchard Designs: The Force Awakens, NW Orchard and Vineyard Show, Traverse City, MI; Jan. 12-13.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Update on Apple Rootstock Research at MSU, SW Hort Days, Benton Harbor, MI; Feb 4.


Lang, G. 2016. High Density Training Systems and Protected Production of Sweet Cherries, MSU Clarksville Research Center Field Day, Clarksville, MI, June 22.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Sistemas Intensivos de Producción de Cerezas: Manejo Sustenable. 7th Region Extension (Curico, Chile), Oct. 18-19.


Liu, J., A. Malladi, O. Lindstrom, E. Smith, M. Olmstead, and D.J. Chavez. 2016. Revisiting cold hardiness of peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] in Georgia. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science. Aug. 2016, Atlanta, GA.


Liu, J., A. Malladi, O. Lindstrom, E. Smith, M. Olmstead, and D.J. Chavez. 2016. Differential thermal analyses in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch]. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science. Aug. 2016, Atlanta, GA.  [poster]


Lordan, J., Robinson, T.L., Blatt, S., Francescatto, P., Embree, C., 2016b. Performance of pear rootstocks in North America, ASHS Annual Conference. ASHS, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


Moran, R., B. Peterson, G. Fazio, and J. Cline. 2016. Seasonal and genotypic variation in cold temperature tolerance of apple rootstocks. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science Conference. Atlanta, GA. Aug. 2016.


Moran, R. 2015. Pruning and Training Apple Trees. Summary of training systems including the use of size-controlling rootstocks for apple. Ehmej, Bcharre, and Jbeil, Lebanon, ME. Oct. 22 - Nov.3, 2015.


Moran, R. 2016. Highmoor Farm Tree Fruit Research Summary. Maine Ag. Trades Show, Augusta, ME, January 14, 2016.


Parker, M.L. January 2016. Peach Production Orchard Tour and Workshop with an emphasis on peach rootstocks and subsequent management. Attendance 50.


Parker, M.L. January 2016. North Carolina Peach Growers Society. Carthage, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 85.


Parker, M.L. February 2016. Western District Apple School, Hendersonville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 110.


Parker, M.L. February 2016. Maximizing Orchard Productivity in the Brushy Mts., Wilkesboro, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 40.


Reighard, G.L. 2016. Krymsk® and other stone fruit rootstocks. Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Convention, Niagara Falls, Ontario, February 16, 2016.


Reighard, G.L. 2016. Peach rootstocks for efficient orchard training and production systems. IFTA 59th Annual Conference. Grand Rapids, MI. February 8, 2016.


Reighard, G.L. 2016. Nitrogen nutrition and bacterial canker association on replant sites. SE Regional Fruit & Vegetable Conference. Savannah, GA. Jan. 9, 2016.


Thompson A. and G.M. Peck. Fine tuning fertilizer recommendations for young apple trees in high-density plantings. Cumberland Shenandoah Fruit Workers Meeting. 2015.


Peck, G.M. and A.A. Thompson. Soil microbial mediation of mineral uptake by apple rootstock. American Society for Horticulture Science General Meeting. 2016.


Wolfe, D. 2016. Apple and peach rootstock trials in Kentucky. UKREC Horticulture Field Day. June, 25, 2016.


Shengrui Yao. 2016.  Fruit research update at NMSU Alcalde Center (with 2015 organic apple rootstock trial included). Presented at the New Mexico Fruit Growers Annual Workshop on March 4, 2016.


Yoder, K. 13 Aug 2016. Open House at the Alson H. Smith, Jr. AREC: Tour of the Horticulture and Pathology plantings. Winchester, VA. General public. Attendance: 65.


 Fund Leveraging, specifically, collaborative grants between stations and members.


NC-140 members have written research proposals and attracted extramural funding associated or directly related to the five objectives of this project from local, regional, national and international funding sources. For fiscal year 2015/2016, funding and matching funds reported by members amounted to $1,590,140 plus $38,000 in-kind support from primarily commodity groups, state and competitive grant sources.


Autio, W, R Marini, J Cline, G Reighard, G Lang, and T Einhorn. 2016. NC-140 Rootstock Research Trial Coordinators. International Fruit Tree Association. $10,000.


Cline, J. 2016. Canadian Horticultural Council. $30,000


Cochran, D.R. 2016. Dwarfing Rootstocks. Iowa Dept. of Agri. and Land Stewardship Specialty Crop Block Grant. $1,700 in-kind for land and equipment usage plus $11,000.


Elkins, R. 2016. Rootstocks, Orchard Systems, and Cultivars for European Pears. California Pear Advisory Board. $17,973.


Falllahi, E. 2016. Evaluation of leaf minerals and fruit quality attributes of mature ‘Aztec’ Fuji trees on different rootstocks, tree girdling, and canopy designs. Block Grant, Idaho State Department of Agriculture $53,500.


Fallahi, E. 2016. Support in kind for agricultural chemicals from Wilbur Ellis Company, University of Idaho. $6,000.


Fallahi, E. 2015. Labor and equipment (in-kind) from Idaho fruit industry for operation of various apple rootstock projects. Idaho Fruit Industry.  $6,800.00


Cheng et al., 2016. Accelerating the Development, Evaluation, and Adoption of New Apple Rootstock Technologies to Improve Apple Grower Profitability and Sustainability. USDA-SCRISREP. $4,281,618.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Competitive Orchards 2020: Integrating Tree Fruit Cropping Physiology, Canopy Architectures, Climate Modification Technologies, and Pest Management Strategies.  Project GREEEN. $38,800.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Preserving ‘Honeycrisp’ Apple Quality and Profitability. Project GREEEN. $36,500.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Apple Rootstock Evaluations. Michigan Apple Committee. $15,251.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Bitter Pit in ‘Honeycrisp’. Michigan Apple Committee. $12,703.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Sweet Cherry Orchard Designs. Michigan Cherry Committee. $10,000.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Trellised Protected Orchard Systems. International Fruit Tree Association. $9,000.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Fruiting Wall Orchard Systems for Stone Fruits. International Fruit Tree Association. $4,000.


Lang, G.A. 2016. Fruiting Wall and High Tunnel Stone Fruit Production. Michigan State Horticultural Society. $8,124.


Lang, G.A. 2016. (in-kind). Michigan Tree Fruit Commission; $24,500 nursery tree purchases, plot preparation and establishment, irrigation installation, deer fence for new cherry trials.


Lang, G.A. 2016. (in-kind). Michigan Tree Fruit Commission; $124,000 mechanized orchard platforms for orchard research at Northwest Michigan and Clarksville Research Centers.


Lang, G.A. 2016. (in-kind).  Al-Mar Orchards, Flushing, MI; Land use and maintenance for apple rootstock trial. $2,500


Lang, G.A. 2016. (in-kind). Rasch Orchards, Sparta, MI; Land use and maintenance for apple rootstock trial. $2,500


Parker, M.L. NC Legislature/Special Bill funding for apple research - $9,000.


Wolfe, D. 2013-2017. New peach/nectarine cultivar planting. Cumberland Valley Nursery. $1000.


Wolfe, D. 2014-2017. Technical Staffing from Kentucky Agricultural Development Board / Kentucky Horticulture Council grant. Infrastructure for Kentucky Horticulture.  $53,645


New York. 2016. - Evaluation of the Cornell-Geneva Apple Rootstocks and Other Promising Apple Rootstocks. - Sponsored by International Fruit Tree Association ($10,000).


New York. 2016. High-Density Planting Systems and Rootstocks for Sweet Cherries in the East. - Sponsored by International Fruit Tree Association ($9,000).


New York. 2106. Orchard management systems for improved yield and fruit quality – Sponsored by Apple Research and Development Program ($68,000).


Reighard, G. 2016. Guardian® seed sales. South Carolina Foundation Seed. $214,000.


Reighard, G. 2016. “Screening peach rootstocks for adaptability, productivity, and tolerance to Armillaria and bacterial canker”. South Carolina Peach Council research grant. $4,000.


Saski, Gasic, Reighard, et al. 2016. Genomics of Armillaria resistant Prunus genotypes. Wells Fargo Grant $150,000.


Robinson, T. and B. Black. 2015-2016. Scion – rootstock interactions and their effect on graft union break strength of apple. International Fruit Tree Association. $10,000.


Black, B. 2014-2017. A Comparison of Water Relations and WUE Among Fruit Tree Rootstocks. Utah Dept. Ag. & Food, Specialty Crop Block Grant. $31,029.


Shengrui Yao, Robert Heyduck and Steve Guldan. 2014-2017. Organic apple high density planting in New Mexico. Specialty Crop Block Grant through NM Department of Agriculture.  $27,242.


Song, J, Forge, T, Blatt, S, Neilsen D, Forney, C and Burgher-MacLellan, K. 2015-2018 (3 years). Costs of supporting the apple and cherry rootstock trials covered by AAFC’s A-base funding, project J-001036.001: ‘Developing more resilient tree fruit production systems from the ground up: Rootstocks with enhanced tolerance to emerging biotic threats to orchard health”.


Yoder, K.S. 2016-2017. New Rootstocks, Cultivars, and Training Systems for Virginia, project support for 2016. Virginia Apple Research Program. $6,125.


Yoder, K.S. 2016-2017. Apple rootstock susceptibility to Tomato Ring Spot Virus (TmRSV) and latent viruses. Virginia Apple Research Program. $9,500.


Peck, G.M. and M. Williams. 2014-2017. Towards ecologically-based fertilizer recommendations that improve soil quality in high-density apple orchards. USDA-NIFA, Southern Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension Program (SSARE). $140,000.


Peck, G.M. and K.S. Yoder. 2014-2016. Advancing Organic Apple Production in Virginia. Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Specialty Crop Block Grant. $38,166.


Yoder, K.S. and G.M. Peck. 2014-2016. Susceptibility of new apple rootstocks to Tomato Ringspot Virus (TmRSV). Virginia Agricultural Council. $2,000.


Peck, G.M. 2015-2016. Integrated Approaches for Reducing Synthetic Fertilizer Inputs in Apple Orchards. Virginia Agricultural Council. $21,683.


Peck, G.M., A.T. Thompson, and D. Carbaugh. 2015-2016. Fine-tuning fertilizer recommendations for young apple trees in high-density plantings: Year Three, 2015. Virginia Apple Research Program. $10,000.


Stefano Musacchi, Karen Lewis, Karina Gallardo, Tom Auvil. 2014-2017. WA 38 Rootstock and Systems Trial. Washington Tree Fruit Research Commission (WTFRC)  Total Budget: 242,519 US$ personal budget: $133,495.


Kate Evans and Amit Dhingra. 2015-2018. Developing the foundation for U.S. pear rootstock breeding. PNW Pear Bureau.Budget: $273,253.


Stefano Musacchi, Lee Kalcsits, Desmond Layne and Karina Gallardo. 2015-2018. Cosmic CrispTM: Training system and orchard management to optimize vigor control and quality. Specialty Crop Block Grant Program. Total budget $249,191. Personal budget: $104,865.


Stasiak, M. 2016. Door & Kewaunee Co. commercial fruit research and outreach support to cover apple rootstock planting maintenance. $5,000.


Stasiak, M. and Atucha. 2016. Wisconsin Apple Growers Association funding for evaluation of NC140 apple rootstocks in Wisconsin. $3,225.


Crassweller, R.  J. Schupp, D. Smith. 2016. Apple Rootstock and Cultivar Evaluations. (continuing) 50%. SHAP Research CommitteeRMC = $11,635, Total budget = $18,932.


Crassweller, R. and D. Smith. 2016. SHAP Second Generation Apple System Trials. Endowment Committee. Year 9 of 10. RMC = 100%, Total budget = $7,000


Crassweller, R.M. and D. E. Smith. 2016. New Apple Rootstocks’ Influence on Mineral Composition of Leaves and Fruit. SARE On-farm Research/Partnership Project $14,562

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