SERA43: Southern Region Integrated Water Resources Coordinating Committee

(Multistate Research Coordinating Committee and Information Exchange Group)

Status: Active

SERA43: Southern Region Integrated Water Resources Coordinating Committee

Duration: 10/01/2015 to 09/30/2019

Administrative Advisor(s):


NIFA Reps:


Statement of Issues and Justification

Water has long dictated the distribution of population in the Southern region of the US. Humans have developed elaborate systems of infrastructure, water rights laws, institutions, and corporate entities to govern the use of water for agriculture and urban uses. The resulting modified water system dramatically impacts agroecosystems and their ability to provide food, water, and essential ecosystem services. SERA 43 will advance an innovative transdisciplinary paradigm to transform our understanding and management of coupled social-hydrologic-ecological water systems in the face of changing climate, land use, and populations over the next 50 years. We will work to engage the research, extension, and teaching capacities of the Land Grant University (LGU) system in the Southern US region (AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA; Fig. 1) in a collaborative effort that will further strong regional ties between LGUs, decision-makers, and citizens working together to address critical water resource management issues.

The overall goal of SERA 43 is to better understand and advance progress on a trifecta of water related issues; water security (e.g., supply), water quality (for both agricultural production and human consumption), and provision of ecosystem services that are increasingly recognized as critical socio-economic constraints on agricultural production. Specific goals include: 1) Measure and quantitatively model linkages and feedbacks among key social, built (urban), hydroclimate, and ecological components of representative southern agricultural water ecosystems? 2) Use the integrated field and modeling results to characterize and predict the impacts of altered hydroclimate (e.g., drought, flooding, temperature) on hydrologic flows for agriculture, local communities, and ecosystem services; and 3) Provide suggested adaptation mechanisms for comminutes and agricultural producers to pave a ‘way forward’ in the face of present and anticipated future water constraints. These goals will support the science to answer such critical questions as: How can greater understanding of linkages among social, hydroclimate, and ecosystem components of southern water systems improve the ability of decision-makers to balance future agricultural production needs with population growth and ecosystem services in the face of anticipated biotic and abiotic stressors? And, what are the emerging threats and constraints to water availability in the southern region? A cross cutting theme of our work enables development and dissemination of educational modules and technology transfer of lessons learned to stakeholders (e.g., government and non-government institutions, agricultural producers, businesses, citizens, etc.) using multiple venues and tools.

New technologies, best management practice adoption, and improved water policies are needed to meet future water resources challenges. For agriculture, these include developing water-efficient crop varieties and cropping systems, increasing water capture technologies, developing dryland and limited-irrigation strategies, improving water distribution systems and irrigation efficiencies, and developing economic risk assessment tools that enable producers to identify profitable, water-efficient production options. Agriculture also must protect water resources by reducing off-site transport of sediment, nutrients, pesticides, and pathogens. Similar challenges exist for the urban sector to enhance domestic water conservation, improve irrigation efficiency and management, improve landscape design, expand and optimize water reuse, and improve water capture, while at the same time reducing nonpoint source pollution in stormwater runoff. All citizens will be affected by these outcomes and are critical stakeholders in achieving long-term water security.

Objectives

  1. Establish and strengthen transdisciplinary and transgeographic LGU relationships to address critical water quality, water quantity, and ecosystem services issues
  2. Expand the knowledge base for discovery of new tools and practices as well as for the continual validation of recommended practices.
  3. Improve coordination and delivery of educational programming and increase implementation effectiveness of water resource management strategies for agricultural and non-agricultural audiences.
  4. Co-sponsor re-establishment of a National Water Conference in concert with the Soil and Water Conservation Society, and conduct a biennial, regional water conference to share research, extension, and education resources, and to facilitate broader interaction among faculties and with external partners.

Procedures and Activities

Establish and strengthen relationships that can serve the missions of multiple organizations addressing water quality and quantity and ecosystem services.
Thirty-two faculty representing 20 1862 and 1890 institutions participated in the first face-to-face meeting of SERA 43 in Atlanta, Georgia on March 6-7, 2014. Three subject matter workgroups were established to address key issues facing the Southern Region 1) Water Quality, 2) Water Quantity/Availability, and 3) Ecosystem Services (Watershed Restoration and Management). Each team identified critical water resource issues that will be targeted over the next four years through integrated research, teaching, and outreach program efforts. Each of the three workgroups will work toward the first three objectives by focusing on the following potential topics based on realized funding sources.
Water Quality

1) Social, economic, and programmatic factors affecting producer adoption of water quality Best Management Practices (BMPs) – Can conservation programs be more effectively designed and delivered.

2) Edge-of-field assessment of implemented BMPs: are they being targeted to critical pollutant source areas (CPSAs).

3) Innovative management of nutrients, tillage, and drainage management structures that minimize nutrient loss and limit tradeoffs between production and environmental goals.

4) Measuring, tracking, and treating emerging contaminants.

5) Identification and quantification of legacy phosphorus (P) sources at local and regional scales.

6) Use of natural tracers and isotopes to source / date groundwater flows contributing to watershed nutrient discharge at no smaller than a 12 HUC level.

7) Assessment of surface water quality parameters for improved watershed decision making in specialty crops production.

8) Development of decision support tools to drive real-time and short-term future agricultural management practices.

9) Assess the impacts of climate change/variability on nutrient cycling in agroecosystems and nutrient loss to water bodies using modeling and measurement of key water quality indicators.

10) Differentiating the drivers of nitrogen (N) and P loss that result from climate change (unmanageable) and land use (manageable).

11) Development of science-based climate change curricula to educate youth on the impacts of climate change and climate change induced water resource issues.

Water Quantity

1) Identify how spatial and temporal factors influence the value of water and how water rights affect the efficient allocation of resources in the face of binding constraints.

2) Determine the impact of climate variability (drought, floods, temperature) on water resources and how sector demands can shift to meet critical needs (e.g., shift from surface to groundwater).

3) Assess how markets, policy, and infrastructure investments can be designed to meet the long-term goals of diverse water stakeholders.

4) Identify alternative cropping systems that enable economic sustainability in areas where non-agricultural water demands reduce irrigated acreage.

5) Explore water rights issues facing agronomic crop production (irrigation) in the southern region.

6) Evaluate agronomic and engineering approaches to maximize irrigation water use efficiency in agronomic crop production systems.
Ecosystem Services

1) Assess and communicate how human-altered hydrologic flows affect aquatic biota, habitats, and the ecological services they provide.

2) Define how agricultural and urban water demands can be most efficiently managed to protect and sustain essential ecosystem services.

3) Conduct comprehensive literature reviews to quantify the effectiveness of stream restoration and low impact development in maintaining and restoring ecosystem services on agricultural lands.

4) Based on assessments of existing science, develop and enhance stream restoration and low impact development research, education, and outreach programs.

Expected Outcomes and Impacts

  • See attached proposal for Outcomes too large to upload

Projected Participation

View Appendix E: Participation

Educational Plan

The annual meeting will serve as a venue for sharing information and resources among committee members that will then be communicated and/or distributed by members to all participating states, territories, and partner entities as appropriate. The national and biennial conferences will serve as a broader opportunity to provide training and share information, resources, and lessons learned. The regional website will provide a clearinghouse for water-related resources that can be accessed, adapted, and employed by member institutions, partner entities, and citizen stakeholders throughout the region.

Organization/Governance

Dr. Zach Easton (Virginia Tech) was elected as the inaugural chair of SERA 43; Dr. Carmen Agouridis (University of Kentucky) was elected as vice-chair; and Dr. Mark McFarland (Texas A&M University) will serve as past-chair. Elections will occur at each annual meeting (late February/early March) with new officers installed at the conclusion.

Literature Cited

Attachments

Land Grant Participating States/Institutions

AL, AR, FL, GA, IA, KY, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA

Non Land Grant Participating States/Institutions

LSU Agricultural Center
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